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Flashcards in Virtue Ethics Deck (46)
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1

What does an agent centred approach mean?

Means the ethical system focuses on the person

2

Is Virtue Ethics rule based?

No, because it is agent centred

3

Who invented Virtue Ethics?

Aristotle

4

Why is an alternative name who Virtue Ethics?

Aristotelian Ethics

5

Why did Aristotle make Virtue Ethics non rule based?

Because virtues are unique to everyone and no one should strive for what someone else may have

6

What are Virtues?

Positive Character Traits

7

What are the two types of virtues?

Moral virtues
Intelligent Virtues

8

How many moral virtues are there?

12

9

What is a moral virtue?

One which are done through doing

10

What is an example of a moral virtue?

Liberty

11

What are intelligent virtues?

Virtues learnt through a teacher

12

What is one type of intelligent virtues!

Primary virtues

13

What makes up the primary virtues?

Wisdom
Intelligent knowledge
Scientific knowledge
Practical wisdom
Art

14

What is an acronym for the primary intelligent virtues?

WISPA

15

How many moral virtues are there?

12

16

What is the end goal of virtue ethics?

Eudaimonia

17

What does eudaimonia mean?

Human flourishing

18

What is the Doctrine of the Golden Mean?

Where virtues lie between vice and deficiencies. This is where you aim for in between these (the golden mean) to be a virtuous person

19

What is human flourishing to society?

When society is performing to the best of its ability

20

What is the act of becoming virtuous like?

Like learning a musical instrument

21

Why is becoming virtuous like learning a musical instrument?

Because it takes time to perfect but is achievable

22

What type of approach does Virtue Ethics contain?

An agent centred approach

23

What is the term for a ethical system which doesn't claim what is right or wrong?

Non-normative

24

What is the term for a ethical system which does claim what is right or wrong?

Normative

25

What are the three type of happy people according to Aristotle?

Pleasure seekers
Honour seekers
Lovers of contemplation

26

Who are pleasure seekers?

People driven by basic pleasures

27

Who are honour seekers?

People driven by their reputations

28

Who are lovers of contemplation?

They are philosophers and thinkers

29

What according to Aristotle can character be developed by?

Emulation
Education
Experience

30

What is emulation in terms of Virtue Ethics?

Copying heroes

31

What is education in terms of Virtue Ethics?

Wisdom and learning

32

What is experience in terms of Virtue Ethics?

Learn from mistakes

33

What are three strengths of Virtue Ethics?

Allows we learn ethics over times
It is flexible by being non-normative
Ideas of virtue will vary about cultures

34

Why is the ability to learn Virtue Ethics over time a strength?

Because it means people can develop and don't have to perfect at the beginning

35

Why is being non-normative a strength?

Makes the system flexible an avoids absolutes

36

Why is a variance amongst cultures a strength?

Means it can be applied to the different vultures of a country

37

What does Martha Nussbaum argue is a strength of Virtue Ethics?

It is compassionate and caring because it takes the whole person into account.

38

What is Anscombe's problem with most ethical theories?

They are reliant on duty

39

What is the problem with theories that rely on duty?

For those who do not believe in God or if there is no God it is hard to use these theories since they are not duty-bound

40

What is an issue Anscombe might raise with Kantian theory?

Doesn't work in a multicultural society and cannot work with the plethora of views present

41

What did Anscombe believe there was/is a need for?

A theory that will work in a multicultural world and develop our characteristics

42

What is the problem with Anscombe's arguments?

Doesn't work in a theo-centric society

43

Who are the three main scholars of Virtue Ethics?

Aristotle
Alasdair MacIntyre
Phillipa Foot

44

How does Foot describe virtues?

Virtues are like weights which correct a warped wooden plank (humans)

45

What does Foot put an emphasis on?

Virtues

46

What does Foot say people are judged on?

Moral Intentions