Vitals & Definitions Flashcards Preview

CAPSTONE REVIEW > Vitals & Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitals & Definitions Deck (57):
1

afebrile

A condition in which the body temperature is not elevated

2

apnea

Absence of breathing

3

bell (of stethoscope)

The hollowed, upright, curved portion used to auscultate low-pitched sounds (such as murmurs)

4

blood pressure (BP)

The force of blood against the arterial walls

5

bradycardia

Slow heart rate

6

bradypnea

Abnormally slow rate of breathing

7

diaphragm (of stethoscope)

The large, flat disk on the stethoscope used to auscultate high-pitched sounds, such as respiratory sounds

8

diastolic pressure

The least amount of pressure exerted on arterial walls, which occurs when the heart is at rest between ventricular contractions

9

dyspnea

Difficult or labored breathing

10

dysrhythmia

An abnormal cardiac rhythm; synonym is arrhythmia

11

arrhythmia

An abnormal cardiac rhythm; synonym is dysrhythmia

12

eupnea

Normal respirations

13

expiration

The act of breathing out; synonym is exhalation

14

exhalation

The act of breathing out; synonym is expiration

15

febrile

A condition in which the body temperature is elevated

16

hyperpyrexia

High fever, above 105.8ºF (41ºC)

17

hypertension

Blood pressure elevated above the upper limit of normal

18

hypotension

Blood pressure below the lower limit of normal

19

hypothermia

Body temperature below the lower limit of normal

20

inspiration

The act of breathing in; synonym is inhalation

21

inhalation

The act of breathing in; synonym is inspiration

22

Korotkoff sounds

The series of sounds that correspond to changes in blood flow through an artery as pressure is released

23

orthopnea

Type of dyspnea in which breathing is easier when the patient sits or stands

24

orthostatic hypotension

Temporary fall in blood pressure associated with assuming an upright position; synonym for postural hypotension

25

postural hypotension

Temporary fall in blood pressure associated with assuming an upright position; synonym for orthostatic hypotension

26

pulse pressure

Difference between systolic and diastolic pressures

27

pyrexia

Elevation above the upper limit of normal body temperature; synonym for fever

28

respiration

Act of breathing and using oxygen in body cells

29

systolic pressure

Highest point of pressure on arterial walls when the ventricles contract

30

tachycardia

Rapid heart rate

31

tachypnea

Abnormally rapid rate of breathing

32

vital signs

Body temperature, pulse, respiration rates, and blood pressure; synonym for cardinal signs

33

rectal temperature (in comparison to oral)

Usually 1ºF higher than oral temp

34

axillary temperature (in comparison to oral)

Usually 1ºF lower than oral temp

35

tympanic temperature (in comparison to oral)

Usually 1ºF lower than oral temp

36

pulse rate

The number of times per minute the pulse is felt or heard; beats per min (bpm)

37

rhythm (pulse)

The regularity at which each impulse is felt (regular or irregular)

38

strength (pulse)

The strength of the impulse from beat to beat; graded on a scale

39

pulse strength scale, 0-3+

0 = absent, unable to palpate 1+ = weak, thready 2+ = normal, expected 3+ = full, bounding

40

pulse reference range (adult)

60 to 100 bpm (at rest)

41

pulse deficit

An apical pulse rate faster than the radial pulse rate. (With dysrhythmias, the heart may contract ineffectively, resulting in a beat heard at the apical site with no pulsation felt at the radial pulse site

42

respiration rate

The number of full breaths taken in one minute; reference rage for adults is 12 to 20 rpm

43

respiration depth

The amount of chest wall expansion that occurs with each breath; either deep, shallow, or normal

44

respiration rhythm

The observation of breathing intervals; regular or irregular (A regular rhythm with an occasional sigh is expected in adults.)

45

blood pressure (normal)

<80

46

blood pressure (prehypertension)

120-139 / 80-89 (either/or)

47

blood pressure (stage 1 hypertension)

140-159 / 90-99 (either/or)

48

blood pressure (stage 2 hypertension)

≥160 / ≥100 (either/or)

49

Newborn - Vitals

T = 98.2ºF (axillary) P = 80-180 bpm R = 30-60 rpm BP = 73/55

50

Infant/Toddler (1-3yrs) - Vitals

T = 99.9ºF (rectal) P = 80-140 bpm R = 20-40 rpm BP = 90/55

51

Child (6-8yrs) - Vitals

T = 98.6ºF (oral) P = 75 - 120 bpm R = 15 - 25 rpm BP = 95/75

52

Child (10yrs) - Vitals

T = 98.6ºF (oral) P = 75 - 110 bpm R = 15 - 25 rpm BP = 102/62

53

Teens - Vitals

T = 98.6ºF (oral) P = 60 - 100 bpm R = 15 - 20 rpm BP = 102/80

54

Adult - Vitals

T = 98.6ºF (oral) P = 60 - 100 bpm R = 12 - 20 rpm BP = 120/80

55

Older Adult (>70yrs) - Vitals

T = 98.6ºF (oral) P = 60 - 100 bpm R = 15 - 20 rpm BP = 120/80

56

Iatrogenic






Of or relating to illness caused by medical examination or treatment.




 

57

Idiopathic

Of unknown cause.

Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin may be termed idiopathic