Vocab 1-3 Flashcards Preview

IB English > Vocab 1-3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab 1-3 Deck (30):
1

abdicate

to give up formally
[L, ab, away+dicare, proclaim]

2

abet

to encourage/assist, esp in wrongdoing
[L, a, to + Germanic, beter, bait/incite]

3

abhor

to regard w/ horror/loathing, to hate
[L, ab, from/at + horrere, shiver/shudder]

4

abject

wretched/miserable/humiliating/degrading
[L, ab, down/from + jacere, throw]

5

absolve

to clear of guilt/blame
[L, ab, from + solvere, loosen/release]

6

abstain

to refrain completely and voluntarily
[L, ab, from + tenere, hold/keep

7

academic

pertaining to a college/other inst of learning. theoretical/unrealistic
[G, akademia, philosopher]

8

accede

to yield to/agree to; to enter upon an office/dignity
[L, ad, to + cedere, go/yield]

9

acclimate

to get used to
[F, acclimater, get used to]

10

addiction

habit-forming practice/pursuit
[L, ad, to + dicere, say]

11

adjourn

to close formally; to put off until another time
[L, ad, to + diurnum, day]

12

adverse

hostile in purpose/effect; unfavorable
[L, ad, to/against + vertere, turn]

13

advocate

v: to speak/argue in favor of
n: person who pleads in interest of cause/individual
[L, ad, to + vocare, call]

14

aesthetic

pertaining to a sense of beauty; artistic
[G, aisthetikos, perceptible to the senses]

15

affable

courteous/agreeable in manner; easy to talk to/approach
[L, ad, to + fari, speak + abilis, able to]

16

affectation

pretentious display of manners/sentiments that are not real
[L, affectare, strive after]

17

affluent

prosperous/wealth
[L, ad, to + fluens, flowing]

18

agenda

list/program of things to be done/acted upon
[L, agere, do]

19

aggregate

n: total amount/sum of individual parts
v: to gather/merge into one
adj: total, collective
[L, ad, to + gregare, herd]

20

agile

swift/light in action/movement/thought
[L, agere, do]

21

alienate

to cause hostility/indifference where love/friendliness/interest formerly existed
[L, alius, other]

22

allege

to claim that something is true w/out offering proof
[L, ad, to/toward + legare, depute/grant/bequeath]

23

allude

to refer to indirectly
[L, ad, to + ludere, play]

24

ambience

surrounding/pervading atmosphere; tone/spirit of environment
[L, ambi, around + iens, going]

25

ambivalent

wavering/uncertain bc of inability to make choice
[L, ambi, both + valens, worth]

26

amnesty

official pardon granted to offenders against govt, esp for political offenses
[G, a, not + mnasthai, remember]

27

anachronism

misplacing of object/event in a period to which it can't belong; anything out of its proper time frame
[G, ana, backwards + chronos, time]

28

anarchy

absence of govt authority; general political/social disorder
[G, an, w/out + archos, ruler]

29

anathema

curse/strong denunciation; person/thing that is cursed; any object of intense dislike
[G, anathema, a votive offering]

30

anecdote

brief account of interesting/amusing incident, esp one w/ biographical/historical details
[G, an, not + ek, out + dotos, given]