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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (21):
1

abstract

refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images

2

ad hominem

a fallacy of argument in which a writer’s claim is answered by irrelevant attacks on his or her character

3

ad populum

this fallacy occurs when evidence boils down to “everybody’s doing it, so it must be a good thing to do.”

4

allegory

The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.The allegorical meaning usually deals with moral truth or a generalization about human existence.

reveal a hidden meaning

5

alliteration

The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words (as in “she sells sea shells”).

6

allusion

A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. Allusions can be historical, literary, religious, or mythical.

7

ambiguity

The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.

8

analogy

similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. An analogy can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out its similarity to something more familiar. Analogies can also make writing more vivid, imaginative, or intellectually engaging.

9

anaphora

a figure of speech involving repetition, particularly of the same word at the beginning of several clauses

10

anecdote

a brief story used to illustrate a point or claim

11

antagonist

a person or force which opposes the protagonist

12

antecedent

the word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun

13

anti hero

a notable figure in a story who lacks in heroic qualities (courage, physical prowess and fortitude), generally feel helpless in a world over which they have no control

14

antimetabole

repetition of words in reverse order

15

antithesis

the opposition or contrast of ideas; the direct opposite. Ex: “It was the best of time, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness…” (Dickens).

16

aphorism

A short statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or a moral principle. An aphorism can be a memorable summation of the author’s point.

17

apology

a defense is the framework for a discussion

18

apostrophe

A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. It is an address to someone or something that cannot answer. The effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity.

19

Logos

appeals to logic, use of facts, science statistics

20

Pathos

appeals to emotion; stimulates pity, sorrow, etc.

21

Ethos

appeal of text to credibility and character of the writer