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AP Lit > Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Deck (135):
1

Abstract

Complex style of writing; good and evil

2

Academic

Dry and theoretical writing

3

Accent

Stressed portion of a word

4

Aesthetic

Appealing to senses

5

Allegory

Symbolic meaning outside the tale itself

6

Alliteration

Repetition of sound

7

Allusion

Reference to another work or famous figure

8

Anachronism

Misplaced in time

9

Analogy

Comparison, two or more symbolic parts

10

Anecdote

Short narrative

11

Antecedent

Word phrase or clause that a pronoun refers to or replaces

12

Anthropomorphism

Inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena are given human characteristics, behavior, or motivation

13

Anticlimax

Action produces smaller results than one led to expect

14

Antihero

Protagonist (main character) markedly unheroic

15

Aphorism

Short witty saying

16

Apostrophe

Address someone not present

17

Archaism

Use of deliberately old-fashion language

18

Aside

Speech (short comment) made by actor to audience, as though momentarily stepping out of action or stage

19

Aspect

Trait or characteristic

20

Assonance

Repeated use of vowel sounds

21

Atmosphere

Emotional tone or background that surrounds the scene

22

Ballad

A long, narrative poem

23

Bathos, pathos

P: feelings
B: strains from grandeur it can't support

24

Black humor

Disturbing themes in comedy

25

Bombast

Pretentious, exaggeratedly learned language

26

Burlesque

Broad parody, takes style or form, such as tragic drama, and exaggerates it into ridiculousness

27

Cacophony

Using deliberately harsh, awkward sounds

28

Cadence

Beat or rhythm of poetry in a general sense

29

Canto

Section or division in long poetry

30

Caricature

Exaggerated portrait

31

Catharsis

Aristotle writing on tragedy "cleansing of emotion"

32

Chorus

Outside the drama commenting

33

Classic

Typical, accepted masterpiece

34

Coinage (neologism)

New word invented on the spot

35

Colloquialism

Isn't accepted at "schoolbook" English

36

Complex, dense

More than one possible meaning

37

Conceit, controlling image

In poetry, startling or unusual metaphor developed and expanded

38

Connotation, denotation

D: literal meaning
C: everything else the word suggests or implies

39

Consonance

Repetition of consonant sounds within words (not at the beginning)

40

Couplet

Pair of lines that end in rhyme

41

Decorum

Speech styled to social station

42

Diction, Syntax

D- choice of words
S- order and structure

43

Dirge

Song for dead

44

Dissonance

Grating of incompatible sounds

45

Doggerel

Crude, simplistic

46

Dramatic irony

Audience knows but character doesn't

47

Dramatic monologue

Single speaker speaks to silent audience

48

Elegy

Poem mediates on death

49

Elements

Basic techniques of each genre in literature

Short story, poetry, drama, nonfiction

50

Enjambment

Continuation of syntactic unit from one line or couplet

51

Epic

Long narrative poem, glorious or profound subject

52

Epitaph

Lines commemorate people at burial place

53

Euphemism

Word or phrase that takes the place of harsh, unpleasant, or impolite reality (passed away-->died)

54

Euphony

Sounds blend harmoniously

55

Explicit

Say or write something directly and clearly

56

Farce

Extremely broad humor today; neutral term-->comedy

57

Feminine rhyme

Rhymed by final two syllables

58

First person narrator

See point of view

59

Foil

Secondary character that highlights characteristics of the main

60

Foot

Basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry

61

Foreshadowing

Suggest in miniature, a larger event coming later

62

Free verse

Poetry written without regular rhyme scheme or pattern

63

Genre

Subcategory of literature

64

Gothic (novel)

Sensibly derived from gothic novels (18 century)

65

Hubris

Excessive pride or ambition leads to main characters downfall

66

Hyperbole

Exaggeration or deliberate overstatement

67

Implicit

Say or write something that suggests and implies but never directly

68

In medias res

"In the midst of things"

69

Interior monologue

Term from novels and poetry, not dramatic literature. Refers to writing that records mental talking in characters head

70

Inversion

Switching customary order of elements in sentence or phrase; done badly can be artificial looking

71

Irony

-statement that means the opposite of what it seems

72

Lament

Poem of sadness or grief over death of loved one

73

Lampoon

Satire

74

Loose and periodic sentences

L: Complete before it ends
P: not complete until final phrase

75

Lyric

Poetry that explores personal interpretation

76

Masculine rhyme

Ending on final stressed syllable

77

Means, Meaning

Discovering what's important; literal and emotional meaning

78

Melodrama

Cheesy theater, hero is very good and villain is very bad

79

Metaphor and simile

M: comparison or analogy stats one thing is another
S: like or as

80

Metaphysical conceit

Reserved for metaphysical poems only

81

Metonym

Word that stands for something with similar attributes

82

Nemesis

Protagonist difficulty

83

Neologism

Make up a word on the spot

84

Objectivity and Subjectivity

O: impersonal view
S: interior personal

85

Omniscient narrator

3rd person narrator

86

Onomatopoeia

Word that sound like they mean

87

Opposition

Pair of elements that contrast sharply

88

Oxymoron

Phrase of opposites

89

Parable

Fable or allegory (story to instruct)

90

Paradox

Situation that seems to contradict but doesn't

91

Parallelism

Repeated similarities for effect

92

Paraphrase

Restate in own words

93

Parenthetical phrase

Set off by commas to interrupt flow

94

Parody

Specific work exaggerated to ridiculousness

95

Pastoral

Poem in nature (shepherds)

96

Pathos

Feeling pity and sympathy

97

Periodic sentence

Not complete until final phrase

98

Persona

3rd person novel (non-first)

99

Personification

Inanimate object human characteristics

100

Plaint

Poem or speech of sorrow

101

Point of view

Prospective from which action of a novel is presented (different character or vantage point)

102

Omniscient narrator

Third person sees like God

103

Limited omniscient narrator

Reports only what one character sees

104

Objective, camera-eye

What would be visible by camera

105

First person

Character in the story, their point of view

106

Stream of consciousness technique

Author puts reader in main character

107

Prelude

Introductory poem to longer work of verse

108

Protagonist

Main character of a novel or play

109

Pun

Usually humorous use of word in such a way to suggest 2 or more meanings

110

Refrain

Line or set of lines repeated several times

111

Requiem

Song or prayer for the dead

112

Rhapsody

Intensely passionate verse to love or praise

113

Rhetorical question

Question suggests the answer

114

Satire

Common character flaws to the cold light of humor; improve things by pointing out mistakes

115

Simile

Like or as

116

Soliloquy

Speech by character alone on stage

117

Stanza

group of lines in a verse

118

Stock characters

Standard or clichéd character types: the drunk, miser, foolish girl

119

Stream of consciousness

Reader inside main character

120

Subjective

Interior or personal view

121

Subjective mood

Hypothetical situation, wishful thinking

122

Suggest

Imply, infer, indicate

123

Summary

Simple reselling of what was read

124

Suspension of disbelief

Accept limitations of staging and supplying details with their imaginations

125

Symbolism

Device in literature where an object represents an idea

126

Syntax

Order and structure of words

127

Technique

Method and tools of an author

128

Theme

Main idea of the overall work, central idea

129

Thesis

Main position of an argument

130

Tragic flaw

Weakness of a character in an otherwise good individual that leads to his demise

131

Travesty

Grotesque parody

132

Truism

Way too obvious truth

133

Unreliable narrator

First person narrator is crazy

134

Utopia

Idealized place

135

Zeugma

Use of a word to modify two or more words but used for different meanings