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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (33)
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1

Physical Activity

Any form of movement that causes your body to use energy

2

Physical Fitness

The ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands

3

Sedentary Lifestyle

A way of life that involves little physical activity

4

Osteoporosis

A condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones.

5

Metabolism

The process by which your body gets energy by food.

6

Cardiorespiratory endurance

The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to utilize and send fuel and oxygen to the body's tissues during long periods of moderate-to-vigorous activity

7

Muscular strength

The amount of force a muscle can exert

8

Muscle endurance

The ability of the muscles to preform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued

9

Flexability

The ability to move a body part through a full range of motion

10

Body composition

The ratio of body fat to lean body tissue, including, muscle, bone, water, and connective tissue such as ligaments, cartilage, and tendons.

11

Exercise

Purposeful physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive and that improves or maintains personal fitness

12

Aerobic exercise

Any activity that uses large muscle groups, is rhythmic in nature, and can be maintained continuously for at least 10 minutes three times a day or for 20 to 30 minutes at one time

13

Anaerobic exercise

Intense short bursts of activity in which the muscles work so hard that they produce energy without using oxygen

14

Overload

Working the body harder than it is normally worked

15

Progression

The gradual increase in overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness

16

Specificity

Particular exercises and activities improve particular areas of health-related fitness

17

Warm-up

An activity that prepares the muscles for work

18

Workout

The part of an exercise program when the activity is preformed at its highest peak

19

F.I.T.T.

Frequency, intensity, time/duration, type of activity

20

Cool-down

An activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state

21

Training program

A program of formalized physical preparation for involvement in a sport or another physical activity

22

Hydration

Taking in fluids so that the body functions properly

23

Anabolic steroids

Synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone testosterone

24

Health screening

A search or check for diseases that an individual would otherwise not have knowledgeable of or seek help for

25

Overexertion

Over working the body

26

Heat cramps

Muscle spasms that result from a loss of large amounts of salt and water through perspiration

27

Heat stroke

A condition in which the body loses the ability to rid itself of excessive heat through perspiration

28

Frostbite

A condition that results when body tissues become frozen

29

Hypothermia

Is a condition in which body temperature becomes dangerously low

30

Muscle cramp

A spasm or sudden tightening of a muscle