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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (84):
1

Modal scales

Ancient scales created before major or minor

2

Break

Instrumental section

3

Dilruba

Indian instrument with bow

4

Belting

Singing from stomach

5

Scat singing

Singing using nonsense words and sounds

6

ADT

Same track recorded twice but 1 is slightly faster

7

DIT

Black box used for recording guitar

8

Cross Rhythm

2 conflicting rhythms

9

Polyrhythm/polyphonic

2+ different rhythms

10

Monophonic

One line of tune

11

Homophonic

2+ instruments in harmony

12

Tradic

Melody that follows 3 notes of a chord

13

Diatonic

Piece that uses notes a particular key/scale

14

Acciaccatura

An ornament, printed as a small note with a slash through its tail which is played as quickly as possible before the note that follows it

15

Appoggiatura

A melodic ornament where a neighbouring note (that sounds dissonant) is sounded for a measured period of time before the main note of the melody

16

Pedal

Same note repeated with different chords

17

Drone

2 notes low in pitch held down

18

Tierce de Picardie

Major chord at end of minor piece

19

Binary

ABA1

20

Tenary

ABA

21

Rondo

ABACADA

22

Double stopping

2 notes together on string instrument

23

Arco

Playing with bow

24

Con Sordino

Playing with mute on the instrument

25

Initiative

Phrase repeated

26

Canonic

Played as a round- same tune starting at different times

27

Antiphonal

A musical texture where two groups of musicians take it in turns to play

28

Presto

Fast

29

Allegro

quick

30

Lento

Slow

31

Adaigo

Slow tempo

32

Andante

Moderately slow

33

Anacrusis

Weak beat note before first complete phrase

34

Rubato

Temporary change in tempo

35

Augmentation

Lengthening of note

36

Articulation

Effects on notes e.g.. slur

37

Perfect cadence

Sounds finished - V-I

38

Plagal cadence

Sounds quite finished VI-I

39

Imperfect cadence

Sounds unfinished ?-V

40

Interrupted cadence

Sounds unexpected V-?

41

Accapella

Unaccompanied singing

42

Alberti bass

A type of broken chord accompaniment often on a keyboard instrument

43

Arpeggio

The notes of a standard chord played one after another in ascending or descending order - the first, third, fifth and eighth notes of a scale

44

Atonal

Music without an obvious key

45

Articulation

The amount of space between the notes - whether they are very detached (staccato) or joined together (legato)

46

Augmentation

A proportionate in increase in the note lengths of a melody for example when 2 quavers and a crotchet are augmented they become 2 crotchets and a minim. The opposite of diminution

47

Backbeat

A term used in pop music to describe accenting the normally weak second and fourth beats in 4/4 time

48

Automatic double tracking

A technological effect and recording technique used by the Beatles to double the sound of voices and instruments. This doubled effect creates a richer sound

49

Blues notes

In blues music notes added to a scale which are usually a flattened 3rd or flattened 7th

50

Call and response

Soloist sings a phrase to which a group of singers respond. Mostly found in African music but also jazz and pop

51

Chromatic

Notes which don't belong to the current key - opposite to diatonic. Notes that are semitones from each other

52

Col legno

Played with the wood of the bow rather than the hair

53

Continuo

Accompanying part in instrumental music of the Baroque period. Played by bass instrument (cello) and a harmony instrument (harpsichord)

54

Contrapuntal

Music that uses counterpoint, a texture where 2 or more melodic lines are played together at the same time

55

Descant

A counter melody sung above the main melodic line

56

Dominant 7th

A triad with an added 7th note which is a whole tone away from the tonic so in G major it would consist of G B D and F.

57

Double/triple stopping

2 or 3 notes played at the same time on a string instrument

58

Doubling

More than one part playing the same line, either in unison or an octave apart

59

Hemiola

A rhythmic device in which 2 groups of 3 beats (strong - weak - weak, strong - weak - weak) are performed as 3 groups of 2 beats (strong - weak, strong- weak, strong - weak)

60

Heterophony

Simultaneous performance of a melody and the variation of the melody

61

Imitative/imitation

Melody in one part is copied a few notes later in another part often at a different pitch with the two parts overlapping

62

Inversion

Melody is inverted, the intervals between notes are the same as the original but they move in the opposite direction - a pitch will rise instead of fall or vice versa

63

Pedal note

Sustained or regularly repeated note usually heard in the bass while the harmony above changes between various chords. Pedal note is usually tonic or dominant

64

Inverted pedal note

Higher note beneath the harmonies

65

Marcato

Marked or accented playing

66

Moderato

Moderate tempo

67

Largo

very slow tempo

68

Note addition

Where notes are added in a repeating phrase

69

Portamento

Sliding between notes

70

Presto

Very fast tempo

71

Raga

Scale pattern or melodic motif used as the basis for melodic improvisation in Indian classical music

72

Sequence

The immediate repetition of a motif or phrase at a different pitch

73

Skank

Off beat strumming pattern that accompanies ska reggae music - also refers to dance that accompanies reggae music

74

Son

Musical form or type of song originating from Cuba with a distinctive clave rhythm pattern and where only accompaniment is percussion or rhythmic instruments

75

Sonata form

Most common structure for first movement in the Classical style

76

Spiccato

Bow is boucned of the string created very detached notes

77

Suspension

Note repeated or sustained over change in harmony created a dissonance and then resolving onto a note within the key

78

Syncopation

Accented notes are sounded off the beat or on weak beats often with rests on some of the strong beats

79

Tremolo

Effect created by rapid repetition of a single note

80

Turn

An ornament playing the note above the written note, the written note, the note below the written note and then back to the written note

81

Tutti

A marking meaning 'all' so the whole ensemble should play

82

Una corda

Soft pedal on a piano so that only one string plays rather than 3

83

Vivace

Lively tempo

84

Sequence

A melodic and rhythmic pattern that is repeated at a higher/lower pitch. May be single or multiple repetitions