Vocab Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Unit 4 Deck (20):
0

to gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers

glean
verb
syn: cull, pick up

1

urgency, pressure, urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency

exigency
noun
1st syllable
syn: requirement, crisis

2

the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; to waste away

atrophy
noun and verb
1st syllable
syn: degeneration, wither
ant: growth, mature

3

disorder, confusion; to throw into disorder

disarray
noun and verb
3rd syllable
syn: dishevel, mess up
ant: order, organization

4

complete or perfect in the highest degree; to bring to a state of completion or perfection

consummate
adj. and verb
1st syllable
syn: masterful, conclude
ant: launch, begin

5

floating debris; homeless, impoverished people

flotsam
noun
1st syllable
syn: floating wreckage

6

a type of bird game; a complaint; to complain, grumble

grouse
noun and verb
syn: kvetch, bellyache

7

ridiculous, laughable, absurd

ludicrous
adj.
1st syllable
syn: risible, preposterous
ant: heartrending, pathetic

8

consisting of or measure in money; of or relating to money

pecuniary
adj.
2nd syllable
syn: monetary

9

frenzied, highly agitated

frenetic
adj.
2nd syllable
syn: frantic, overwrought
ant: calm, relaxed

9

contemptibly cowardly or mean-spirited

pusillanimous
adj.
3rd syllable
syn: craven, lily-livered
ant: stouthearted, courageous

10

a fortified place, stronghold

bastion
noun
1st syllable
syn: rampart, parapet

13

in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting

recumbent
adj.
2nd syllable
syn: prone, inactive
ant: erect, energetic

15

a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end

stratagem
noun
1st syllable
syn: trick, ploy

16

humorous, jesting, jolly, joking

jocular
adj.
1st syllable
syn: facetious, waggish
ant: solemn, grim

17

a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant

concord
noun
1st syllable
ant: strife, disagreement

19

to imprison, confine, jail

incarcerate
verb
2nd syllable
syn: inter
ant: liberate, free

21

obligatory, required; one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of

incumbent
adj. and noun
2nd syllable
syn: mandatory, necessary
ant: unnecessary, optional

22

biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh

mordant
adj.
1st syllable
syn: acrimonious, scathing
ant: bland, mild

23

a prickly or stinging plant; to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely

nettle
noun and verb
1st syllable
syn: peeve, annoy
ant: please, delight