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Flashcards in Vocab Words Deck (185):
0

Mendacious

Lying

1

Erroneous

Incorrect

2

Cogent

Convincing, having the power to compel

3

Venal

Corrupt or capable of being bought

4

Efficacious

Effective as a means, capable of having the desired result or effect

5

Abate

To reduce in amount,degree or severity


Ex: as the hurricane's force ABATED, the winds dropped and the seas became calm

6

Abscond

To leave secretly


EX: the patron absconded from the restaurant without paying his bill by sneaking out the back door.

7

Abstain

To choose not to do something


EX: she abstained from choosing a mouthwatering dessert from the tray.

8

Abyss

An extremely deep hole


EX: the submarine dove into the abyss to chart the previously unseen depths.

9

Adulterate

To make impure


EX: the restauranteur made his ketchup last longer by adulterating it with water.

10

Advocate

To speak in favor of


EX: a vegetarian advocated a diet containing no meat

11

Aesthetic

Concerning the appreciation of beauty


EX: followers of the aesthetic movement regarded the pursuit of beauty the only true purpose of art.

12

Aggrandize

To increase in power, influence and reputation.


EX: the supervisor sought to aggrandize himself by claiming that the achievements of his staff were actually his own.

13

Alleviate

To make more bearable


EX: taking aspirin alleviates a headache.

14

Amalgamate

To combine; to mix together


EX: giant industries amalgamated with mega products to form Giant-Mega Products Inc.

15

Ambiguous

Doubtful or uncertain; able to be interpreted several different ways


EX: the directions he gave were so ambiguous that we disagreed on which way to turn.

16

Ameliorate

To make better; to improve


EX: the doctor was able to ameliorate the patient's suffering using pain killers.

17

Anachronism

Something out of place in time


EX: the aged hippie used anachronistic phrases like "groovy" and "far out" that had not been popular for years.

18

Analogous

Similar or alike in some way; equivalent to


EX: in a famous argument for the existence of God, the universe is analogous to a mechanical time piece, the creation of a divinely intelligent "clockmaker"

19

Anomaly

Deviation from what is normal


EX: albino animals may display too great an anomaly in their coloring to attract normally colored mates.

20

Antagonize

To annoy or provoke to anger


EX: the child discovered that he could antagonize the cat by pulling its tail.

21

Antipathy

Extreme dislike


EX: the antipathy between the French and the English regularly erupted into open warfare.

22

Apathy

Lack of interest or emotion


EX: the apathy of voters is so great that less than half of the people who are eligible to vote actually bother to do so.

23

Arbitrate

To judge a dispute between two opposing parties.


EX: since the couple could not come to an agreement, a judge was forced to arbitrate their divorce proceedings.

24

Archaic

Ancient, old-fashioned


EX: her archaic commodore computer could not run the latest software.

25

Ardor

Intense and passionate feeling


EX: bishop's ardor for landscape was evident when he passionately described the beauty of the scenic Hudson valley.

26

Articulate

Able to speak clearly and expressively


EX: she is such an articulate defender if labor that unions are among her strongest supporters.

27

Assuage

To make something unpleasant less severe


Serpens used aspirin to assuage her pounding headache.

28

Attenuate

To reduce in force or degree; to weaken


EX: the bill of right attenuated the traditional power of government to change laws at will.

29

Audacious

Fearless and daring


EX: her audacious nature allowed her to fulfill her dream of sky diving

30

Austere

Sever or stern in appearance; undecorated


EX: the lack of decorations makes zen temples seem austere to the untrained eye.

31

Banal

Predictable, clichéd, boring


EX: He used banal phrases like "have a nice day" and "another day another dollar".

32

Bolster

To support; to prop up


EX: the presents of giant footprints bolster the argument that Sasquatch was in the area.

33

Bombastic

Pompous in speech and manned


EX: the dictator's speeches were mostly bombastic; his boasting and outrageous claims had no basis in fact.

34

Cacophony

Harsh,jarring noise


EX: the junior high orchestra created an almost unbearable cacophony as they tried to tune their instruments.

35

Candid

Impartial and honest in speech


EX: the observations of a child can be charming since they are candid and unpretentious.

36

Capricious

Changing ones mind quickly and often


EX: queen Elizabeth I was quite capricious; her courtiers could never be sure which of their number would catch her fancy.

37

Castigate

To punish or criticize harshly


EX: Americans are amazed at how harshly the authorities in Singapore castigate perpetrators of what would be considered minor crimes in the United States.

38

Catalyst

Something that brings about a change in something else


EX: the imposition of harsh taxes was the catalyst that finally brought on the resolution.

39

Caustic

Biting in wit


EX: Dorothy Parker gained her reputation for caustic wit form her cutting, yet clever insults.

40

Chaos

Great disorder or confusion


EX: in most religious traditions, god created an ordered universe from chaos.

41

Chauvinist

Someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs


EX: the attitude that men are inherently superior to women and therefore must be obeyed is common among male chauvinists.

42

Chicanery

Depletion by means of craft or guile



EX: dishonest used car salesmen often use chicanery to sell their beat-up old cars.

43

Cogent

Convincing and well reasoned



EX: swayed by the cogent and well reasoned argument of the defense, the jury had no choice but to acquit the defendant.

44

Condone

To overlook, pardon or disregard


EX: some theorists believe that failing to prosecute minor crimes is the same as condoning an air of lawlessness.

45

Convoluted

Intricate and complicated


EX: although many people bought " a brief history of time" few could follow it's convoluted ideas and theories.

46

Corroborate

To provide supporting evidence


EX: fingerprints corroborated the witness's testimony that he saw the defendant in the victim's apartment.

47

Credulous

Too trusting; gullible


EX: although some four year olds believe in the Easter bunny, only the most credulous nine year olds also believe I'm him.

48

Crescendo

Steadily increasing volume or force


EX: the crescendo of tension became unbearable as Evel Knievel prepared to jump his motorcycle over the school buses.

49

Decorum

Appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety


EX: the countess complained that the vulgar peasants lacked the decorum appropriate for a visit to the palace.

50

Deference

Respect, courtesy


The respectful young law clerk treated the Supreme Court justice with the utmost deference.

51

Deride

To speak of or treat with contempt; to mock



EX: the awkward child was often derided by his cooler peers.

52

Desiccate

To dry out thoroughly


EX: after a few weeks of lying on the deserts baking sands, the cows carcass became completely desiccate.

53

Desultory

Jumping from one thing to another; disconnected


EX: Diane had a desultory academic record; she had changed majors 12 times in three years

54

Diatribe

An abusive condemnatory speech


EX: the trucker bellowed a diatribe at the driver who cut him off.

55

Diffident

Lacking self confidence


EX: Steve's diffident manner during the job interview stemmed from his nervous nature and lack of experience I'm the field.

56

Dilate

To make larger; to expand


EX: when you enter a darkened room , the pupils of your eyes dilate to let in more lite.

57

Dilatory

Intended to delay


EX: the congressman used dilatory measures to delay the passage of the bill.

58

Dilettante

Someone with an amateurish and superficial interest In a topic


EX: Jerry's friends were such dilettantes that they seemed to have new jobs and new hobbies every week.

59

Dirge

A funeral Hymn or mournful speech



EX: Melville wrote the poem "a dirge for James McPherson" for the funeral of a union general who was killed in 1864.

60

Disabuse

To set right; to free from error



EX: galileo's observations disabused scholars of the notion that the sun revolved around the earth

61

Discern

To perceive, to recognize


EX: it's easy to discern the difference between butter and butter flavored topping.

62

Disparate

Fundamentally different; entirely


EX: although the twins appear to be identical physically, their personalities are disparate.

63

Dissemble

To present a false appearance; to guise ones real intentions or character

64

Dissonance

A harsh disagreeable combination, often of sounds.

65

Dogma

A firmly held opinion, often a religious belief

66

Dogmatic

Dictatorial in ones opinions

67

Dupe

To deceive; a person who is easily deceived

68

Eclectic

Selections from or made up from a variety of sources

69

Efficacy

Effectiveness

70

Elegy

A sorrowful poem or speech

71

Eloquent

Persuasive and moving, especially in speech

72

Emulate

to copy; to try to equal or excel

73

Enervate

To reduce in strength

74

Engender

To produce, cause or bring about

75

Enigma

A puzzle; a mystery

76

Enumerate

To count, list or itemize

77

Ephemeral

Lasting a short time

78

Equivocate

To use expressions of double meaning in order to misslead

79

Erratic

Wandering and unpredictable

80

Erudite

Learned, scholarly, bookish

81

Esoteric

Known or understood by only a few

82

Estimable

Admirable

83

Eulogy

A speech in praise of someone

84

Euphemism

Use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one.

85

Exacerbate

To make worse

86

Exculpate

To clear from blame; prove innocent

87

Exigent

Urgent; requiring immediate action

88

Exonerate

To clear of blame

89

Explicit

Clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression

90

Fanatical

Acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme unquestioned devotion

91

Fawn

To grovel

92

Fervid

Intensely emotional; feverish

93

Florid

Excessively decorated or embellished

94

Foment

To arouse or incite

95

Frugality

A tendency to be thrifty or cheap

96

Garrulous

Tending to talk a lot

97

Gregarious

Outgoing, sociable

98

Guile

Deceit or trickery

99

Gullible

Easily deceived

100

Homogeneous

Of a similar kind

101

Iconoclast

One who opposes established believes, customs, and institutions

102

Imperturbable

Not capable of being disturbed

103

Impervious

Impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected

104

Impetuous

Quick to act without thinking

105

Implacable

Unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

106

Inchoate

Not fully formed; disorganized

107

Ingenuous

Showing innocence or childlike simplicity

108

Inimical

Hostile, unfriendly

109

Innocuous

Harmless

110

Insipid

Lacking in interest or flavor

111

Intransigent

Uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled

112

Inundate

To overwhelm; to cover with water

113

Irascible

Easily made angry

114

Laconic

Using few words

115

Lament

To express sorrow, to grieve

116

Laud

To give praise; to glorify

117

Lavish

(V): to give unsparingly

(Adj): extremely generous or extravagant

118

Lethargic

Acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner

119

Loquacious

Talkative

120

Lucid

Clear and easily understood

121

Luminous

Bright, brilliant, glowing

122

Malinger

To evade responsibility by pretending to be ill

123

Malleable

Capable of being shaped

124

Metaphor

A figure of speech comparing two different things; a symbol

125

Meticulous

Extremely careful about details

126

Misanthrope

A person who dislikes others

127

Mitigate

To soften, to lessen

128

Mollify

To calm or make less severe

129

Monotony

Lack of variation

130

Naive

Lacking in sophistication or experience

131

Obdurate

Hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion

132

Obsequious

Overly submissive and eager to please

133

Obstinate

Stubborn, unyielding

134

Obviate

To prevent; to make unessisary

135

Occlude

To stop up; to prevent the passage of

136

Onerous

Troublesome and oppressive; burdensome

137

Opaque

Impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light

138

Opprobrium

Public disgrace

139

Ostentation

Excessive showiness

140

Paradox

A contradiction or dilemma

141

Paragon

Model of excellence or perfection

142

Pendant

Someone who shows off learning

143

Perfidious

Willing to betray ones trust

144

Perfunctory

Done in a routine way; indifferent

145

Permeate

To penetrate

146

Philanthropy

Charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness

147

Placate

To sooth or pacify

148

Plastic

Able to be molded, altered, or bent

149

Plethora

Excess

150

Pragmatic

Practical or opposed to idealistic

151

Precipitate

To throw violently or bring a lout abruptly; lacking deliberation

152

Prevaricate

To lie or deviate from the truth

153

Pristine

Fresh and clean; uncorrupted

154

Prodigal

Lavish, wasteful

155

Proliferate

To increase in number quickly

156

Propitiate

To conciliate; to appease

157

Propriety

Correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs

158

Prudence

Wisdom, caution, or restraint

159

Pungent

Short and irritating to the sense

160

Quiescent

Motionless

161

Rarefy

To make thinner or sparser

162

Repudiate

To reject the validity of

163

Reticent

Silent, reserved

164

Rhetoric

Effective writing or speaking

165

Satiate

to satisfy fully or overindulge

166

Soporific

Causing sleep or lethargy

167

Specious

Deceptively attractive; seeming plausible but fallacious

168

Stigma

A mark of shame or discredit

169

Stoid

Unemotional; lacking sensitivity

170

Sublime

Lofty or grand

171

Tacit

Done without using words

172

Taciturn

Silent, not talkative

173

Tirade

Long harsh speech or verbal attack

174

Torpor

Extreme mental and physical sluggishness

175

Transitory

Temporary, lasting a brief time

176

Vacillate

To sway physically; to be indecisive

177

Venerate

To respect deeply

178

Veracity

Filled with truth and accuracy

179

Verbose

Wordy

180

Vex

To annoy

181

Volatile

Easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive

182

Waver

To fluctuate between choices

183

Whimsical

Acting in a fanciful or capricious manner, unpredictable

184

Zeal

Passion, excitement