Flashcards in Vocab Words Deck (26):
Brown v. Board of Education
In the early 1950s five school segregation cases from Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington, D.C., came together under the title of Brown v. Board of Education.
Little Rock Nine
It allowed nine outstanding black students to attend Central High School. These students became known as the Little Rock Nine.
Montgomery bus boycott
In the Montgomery bus boycott thousands of African Americans stopped riding the buses.
A demonstration in which protesters sit down and refuse to leave.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
To continue the struggle for civil rights, the leaders of the students protest formed the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
Thugood marshall went on to become Supreme Court justice.
Rosa Parks boarded a bus and sat in the front row of the section reserved for black passengers. When the bus became full, the driver told Parks and three others to give their seat to white passengers. Parks refused the bus driver called the police and Parks was taken to jail.
Martin Luther King Jr.
A young Baptist minister. The 26-year old King already had a reputation as a powerful speaker whose words could motivate and inspire listeners.
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was born to a political powerful and wealthy family in Massachusetts.
To accomplish this, CORE organized a series of protests called the Freedom Rides, in which black and white bus riders traveled together to segregated bus stations in the South.
March on Washington
March on Washington- a massive demonstration for civil rights.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson grew up in rural Texas. After working his way through collage, Johnson taught school for a year.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964. The act banned segregation in public places. It also outlawed discrimination in the workplace on the basis of color, gender, religion, or national origin.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Voting Rights Act of 1965, which Johnson signed into law in August. This law gave the federal government new powers to protect African Americans’ voting rights.
His program of domestic reforms that he called the Great Society.
Black Power movement, which called for African American independence.
Malcom X helped inspire the Black Power movement. He was a leader of the Nation of Islam, an organization that combined ideas about African American independence with the teachings of Islam.
United Farm Workers
This Union was committed to the goal of better pay and working conditions for migrant farmworkers- those who move seasonally from farm to farm for work.
Cesar Chavez was one of many Hispanic Americans who worked to improve conditions. In 1962 Chavez formed a union that would later become the United Farm Workers.
National Organization for Women.
National Organization for Women is to fight for equal educational and career opportunities for women.
Shirley Chisholm was elected to represent a New York City district in the House of Representatives. She was the first African American women to be elected to the U.S. Congress.
Equal Right Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment would outlaw all discrimination based on sex.
Phyllis Schlafly was a conservative activist, founded the group STOP ERA to prevent it ratification.
Described the dissatisfaction same women felt with their traditional roles of wife, mother, and homemaker.
American Indian Movement
The American Indian Movement was founded in 1968 to fight for Native Americans’ Rights.