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Flashcards in Vocabularies Deck (3):
1

What is Access points?

(Example question for Section A: Using examples, briefly outline/ describe the role/ main features of access points.")
(Example question for Section B: Using Extract as well as your own knowledge, compare and contrast the roles and powers of different access points in the UK.)
(Example question for Section C: Assess whether access points are more important to pressure group success than other factors.)

An access point is a policymaker who might be valuable to lobby and, thus, must power in a policy area; be susceptible to lobbying; and either have independence from party leaders or represent a distinct constituency. - Oxford

Access points are the places to which pressure groups go to exert influence. - Tutor2u

Access points include Ministers, Parliament, Political Parties, Devolved Assemblies & Local Councils, Media & Public Opinion.

Ministers is the favoured access point in the UK, closest to decision-making. Only a few insider groups (CBI, NFU) have direct access.

"Increasing the number of these access points increases the amount of competition between policymakers for lobbying dollars, which decreases the price of access and the cost of lobbying. This leads to more lobbying, which should lead to policy that is more complex if interest groups lobby for narrow policy provisions that benefit only them and that is more biased if one side has a lobbying advantage and can better take advantage of the cheaper lobbying."

2

What is affiliated bodies?

To

3

What is Apathy?

Apathy