Vocabulary 10th Grade Review 01-06 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary 10th Grade > Vocabulary 10th Grade Review 01-06 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocabulary 10th Grade Review 01-06 Deck (126)
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Melodramatic

adjective - overly dramatic; emotional or sentimental

1

Besiege

verb - to surround or torment, as in war -- or with requests, work, annoyances or the like

2

Whimsical

adjective - odd, often in an amusing way; fanciful; full of curious ideas;
noun - whimsy;
adverb - whimsically

3

Bayou

noun - a marshy inlet or outlet of a river or lake, especially in parts of the southern U.S.

4

Amiable

adjective - friendly, agreeable; good-natured;
adverb - amiably

5

Imperturbable

adjective - incapable of being upset, agitate, or perturbed; not easily excited

6

Euphoria

noun - feeling of great well-being;
adjective - euphoric

7

Visage

noun - a face or facial expression

8

Revile

verb - to subject to verbal abuse; to swear at or say bad comments to

9

Malleable

adjective - able to be changed easily; adaptive; capable of being shaped by hammering or pressing;
noun - malleable

10

Improvise

verb - to perform without previous preparation; to compose on the spur of the moment, or on the spot
noun - improvisation

11

Grimace

verb - to make a face showing pain, annoyance etc;
noun - a twisting of the face to show pain, annoyance, etc.

12

Spurn

verb - to reject; to push or kick away or trample on (like burn, as in "to get burned"!)

13

Demure

adjective - shy and modest; reserve;
adverb - demurely

14

Grandiloquent

adjective - speaking or expressed in a lofty or pompous style;
adverb - grandiloquently

15

Erudite

adjective - scholarly, "learn-ed," extremely intelligent; acquired by learning (as opposed to innate)

16

Succumb

verb - to yield or give in to an overpowering force or desire; to die

17

Reverie

noun - a state of dreamy meditation or fanciful musing; a daydream

18

Olfactory

adjective - of or relating to the sense of smell

19

Sinister

adjective - threatening or portending evil, harm, or trouble; ominous

20

Anthropology

noun - the study of the physical, cultural, and social development and behavior of human existence;
adjective - anthropological

21

Evolve

verb - to develop gradually;
adjective - evolving;
noun - evolution

22

Notoriety

noun - fame, usually in an unfavorable sense; a bad reputation;
adjective - notorious

23

Fortitude

noun - moral strength; patient courage in facing danger or pain; endurance

24

Cajole

verb - to urge with gentle appeal
noun - cajolery

25

Acquittal

noun - a setting-free by judgement of a court or judge;
verb - to acquit

26

Inarticulate

adjective - unable to speak clearly or to use words, unable to say what one thinks
adverb - inarticulately

27

Ungainly

adjective - lacking grace; clumsy (NOTE: not used as an adverb; use in an ungainly manner)

28

Contemptuous

adjective - showing feelings that someone doesn't deserve respect; disdainful;
adverb - contemptuously;
noun - contempt

29

Vivify

verb - to give life to or to revive;
adjective - vivifying

30

Omnipotent

adjective - having unlimited/universal power;
noun - one who has unlimited/universal power

31

Transpire

verb - to happen, occur, or come about

32

Condescend

verb - to stoop to do something you think is beneath you;
adjective - condescending

33

Assert

verb - to express or declare firmly; to defend or claim (ex. one's rights);
adjective - assertive

34

Mentor

noun - a wise and trusted advisor; a counselor;
verb - to mentor; to guide/instruct

35

Recalcitrant

noun - one who defies authority; refusing to obey;
adjective - disobedient, defiant

36

Umber

adjective - the dark reddish-brown color of earth

37

Elite

noun - a group or part of one seen as the best, most skilled, most powerful;
adjective - of or suitable for a select group;
noun - elitist

38

Occult

adjective - relating to or dealing with the supernatural; mysterious or secret as to be beyond human understanding;
noun - supernatural influences, agencies or phenomena

39

Deft

adjective - skillful, handy, particularly with one's hands;
adjective - deftly

40

Benchmark

noun - a standard by which something is measured or judged

41

Estivate

verb - to pass the summer in a specific place or in a dormant, torpid state

42

Insinuate

verb - to hint or suggest slyly or obliquely, esp. something malicious
noun - insinuation

43

Posthumous

adjective - coming after death
adverb - posthumously

44

Electorate

noun - all persons having the right to vote

45

Felonious

adjective - of the nature of or pertaining to a felony; graver than a misdemeanor, such as a murder or burglary; wicked, base, villainous (felony)

46

Felicitations

noun - expressions of good wishes, congratulations;
adjective - felicitous

47

Brioche

noun - (FR) a light, sweet roll made of eggs, yeast and butter -- recognizable by a delicious "knot on the top"

48

Asunder

adverb - into separate parts or pieces;
verb - to tear asunder

49

Bawdy

adjective - obscene, coarse, indecent, vulgar, risqué, raunchy, raucous, racy

50

Ethical

adjective - pertaining to right and wrong; conforming to certain rules or standards; moral
noun - ethics;
adverb - ethically

51

Prophetic

adjective - relating to someone or something that foretells events, as a portent; predictive

52

Interminable

adjective - having no apparent end; boringly or annoyingly continuous;
adverb - interminably

53

Antiquity

noun - ancient times; a thing/people of ancient times; the quality of being ancient (from antique)

54

Flaxen

adjective - a pale yellow color; the color of flax/straw (from flax)

55

Excerpt

noun - a selected passage or scene from a literary work or piece of music; an extract; a portion;
verb - to take out or select passages; to quote

56

Analogy

noun - a likeness between different things; a similarity; a comparison;
adjective - analogous

57

Heresy

noun - a dissenting or non-conforming view; a view-point different from accepted belief;
noun - heretic (one believes... doctrine);
adjective - heretical

58

Paternal

adjective - inherited from or related through one's father; fatherly

59

Pauper

noun - a person who is very poor, especially one who is dependent on public charity

60

Decorum

noun - appropriateness of behavior, speech, dress
adjective - decorous

61

Pestilent

adjective - destructive to life, peace, or morals; deadly, poisonous;
noun - pestilence (think of pests)

62

Engender

verb - to produce, cause, bring about, or give existence to

63

Sylvan

adjective - of, pertaining to, or inhabiting the woods, trees, or boughs

64

Lackey

noun - a servile follower; a footman, stable hand or manservant

65

Scruples

noun - a belief about what's right or wrong that prevents one from doing something bad; morals or ethics that act as retraining or personal control points
adjective - scrupulous

66

Transfix

verb - to hold or fasten with amazement, terror, awe
verb - to pierce; to impale

67

Faustian

adjective - selling one's soul to the devil in exchange for knowledge, power, or something desired (after the German magician, alchemist and astrologer Johan Faust, 1480-1538)

68

Harlequin

noun - a joker, jester, or clown in comedy or pantomime, in a costume of diamond-shaped pattern or design, often with a mask, and a pointed hat

69

Zephyr

noun - a gentle, mild breeze, (in literature: the West Wind personified)

70

Swagger

verb - to walk or strut with defiance or arrogance
noun - the defiant or insolent walk on does
adjective - swaggering

71

Simper

verb - to smile in a silly, annoying, self-conscious way
noun - a silly smile
adjective - simpering

72

Incorrigible

adjective - unmanageable, uncontrollable, unruly; not able to be managed
adverb - incorrigibly

73

Innate

adjective - inborn; possessed at birth
adverb - innately

74

Nemesis

noun - that which one cannot conquer or achieve; an opponent or rival that one cannot best

75

Sublime

adjective - majestic; supreme or outstanding; elevated, lofty; inspiring awe
adverb - sublimely

76

Languid

adjective - sluggish, weary, lethargic; lacking in vigor or vitality, spirit, or interest
adverb - languidly

77

Flambé

adjective - aflame (like marshmallows in S'mores); served in a flaming liquor, esp. brandy

78

Sophomoric

adjective - being overconfident of knowledge but poorly informed and immature

79

Disheveled

adjective - untidy; messy; unkempt; hanging loosely or disarranged
Verb - to dishevel

80

Obsequious

adjective - excessively willing to serve or to beg; groveling; submissive
adverb - obsequiously

81

Muse

noun - the goddess or power regarded as inspiring an artist, esp. a poet
verb - to reflect or to meditate silently, to gaze wonderingly or meditatively

82

Bellicose

adjective - eager to fight; hostile; warlike; pugnacious
noun - bellicosity

83

Portent

noun - an omen; a warning or premonition of something to come
adjective - portentous

84

Pompous

adjective - overly dignified; self-important with exaggerated stateliness in speech or manner

85

Erratic

adjective - lacking consistency, regularity, or uniformity
verb - to err — miscalculate, make an error

86

Fraudulent

adjective - given to or using deceit, fraud, trickery to gain unfair or dishonest advantage

87

Virtuous

adjective - having an interest in virtue, goodness and/or sincerity
noun - virtue

88

Invariably

adverb - continually, perpetually, constantly; always
adjective - invariable

89

Plausible

adjective - appearing to be true; reasonable, seemingly logical or correct

90

Proximity

noun - nearness; closeness; a neighboring area (think of approximately)

91

Affiliate

verb - to associate or unite with -- often a larger group
adjective - affiliated

92

Beleaguered

adjective - harassed or beset; "stressed-out"

93

Susceptible

adjective - affected by deep emotions or strong feelings; sensitive; vulnerable

94

Portly

adjective - comfortably fat or stout; large and heavy in a somewhat stately way

95

Myriad

noun - an indefinitely vast number of persons or things
adjective - of an infinitely great number

96

Rigmarole (rigamarole)

noun - an elaborate or complicated procedure; meaningless talk

97

Amnesic

adjective - given to partial or total loss of memory; highly forgetful
noun - amnesia, amnesiac

98

Assuage

verb - to lessen the intensity of something that pains or distresses

99

Rejuvenate

verb - to make young or vigorous again; to give youthful qualities to

100

Duplicitous

adjective - being deceptive in speech or conduct; two-faced (think of duplicate)

101

Unprecedented

adjective - never before done or known before; without previous example (or precede)

102

Encumber

verb - to hinder, to weigh down; to burden
noun -- encumbrance

103

Ecstatic

adjective - filled with rapture; transported by an exalted feeling of delight; overjoyed

104

Badger

verb - to pester, nag, annoy persistently;
(noun - it's also a type of animal, which can be annoying)

105

Atrocious

adjective - exceedingly bad; wicked or cruel; abominable
adverb - atrociously

106

Collusion

noun (often used with IN) - a secret agreement for fraudulent or treacherous purposes; conspiracy

107

Hoodwink

verb - to deceive or trick
noun - hoodwinker

108

Leviathan

noun - anything of immense size and power: an ocean liner, a huge sea monster; behemoth

109

Compassion

noun - pity for someone else's suffering, along with a desire to help; deep sympathy

110

Ascertain

verb - to find out; to determine, to learn; to make certain

111

Deteriorate

verb - to become worse or less valuable; to diminish
noun - deterioration

112

Insipid

adjective - flavorless; dull or unexciting; lifeless
noun - insipidness

113

Kitsch

noun - so out of style that it's fashionable; bad art; unstylish
adjective - kitschy

114

Painstaking

adjective - very careful; diligent; requiring great care; meticulous
adverb - painstakingly

115

Pristine

adjective - having its original purity; of the earliest time or tradition
adjective - pristinely

116

Annals

noun - official historical records; chronicles

117

Verandah

noun - a large porch, sometimes partially enclosed, often surrounding a home; portico

118

Addled

adjective - confused, flustered, or muddled

119

Loathe

verb - to feel intense hatred or disgust; to detest
noun - loathing
adjective - loathsome

120

Pervasive

adjective - extending throughout, spread through every part of; permeating
verb - to pervade

121

Expletive

noun - a meaningless word; a word used to fill out a sentence; sometimes a swear word

122

Lament

verb - to regret; to express sorrow or mourning over; to grieve
noun - lamentation

123

Repress

verb - to hold back; to keep or put down; to restrain
noun - meticulous
adjective - repressive

124

Composure

noun - self-possession; calmness; manner; comportment
adjective - composed

125

Banter

noun - an exchange of light-hearted, playful, teasing remarks
verb - to exchange light remarks