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Flashcards in Vocabulary Deck (37)
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1

Spoonerism

Trading sounds. "Shoving leopard"

2

Stream of consciousness

The representation of perceptions/impressions, stimuli ,and fragments of random/disconnected thoughts.

3

Sturm und Drang

Works containing rousing action and high emotionalism, often dealing with the individual's revolt against society. (1700's)

4

Epithet

An adjective used to characterize a person. "Bravely bold Sir Robin"

5

Euphemism

The substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit. "Passed away" traded for "died".

6

Polysyndeton

Overkill of conjunctions. "He ran and jumped and laughed for joy"

7

Portmanteau

A new word formed by joining two others and combining their meanings. "Brunch."

8

Ekphrastic

A dramatic literary commentary or description of any work of art.

9

Emulation

An ambition and effort to equal, excel, or surpass another.

10

Zeugma

SEMANTIC use of one word to conduct two: "He took his hat and his leave"

11

Syllepsis

GRAMATICAL use of one word to conduct two: "I finally told him I was losing weight, my grip, and possibly my mind"

12

Periphrasis

A roundabout description of something. "Talk to the big man upstairs" instead of "pray"

13

Periodic Structure

A long and frequently involved sentence, only concluded by the last word. "The proper place in the sentence for the word or group of words that the writer desires to make the most prominent is usually the end."

14

Ballade

Three 8-line stanzas, each with a consistent meter and a particular rhyme scheme. "ababbcbC ababbcbC ababbcbC bcbC"

15

Bildungsroman

Author presents the psychological, moral, and social shaping of the personality of a character. ie. Kite Runner

16

Nemesis

The goddess of divine retribution or death against those who had extreme pride. Also, this means "a rival or opponent who cannot be overcome"

17

Pathetic Fallacy

The fallacy of attributing human feelings to inanimate objects: "The friendly sun, the angry wind, the sorrowful clouds, the cheerful flowers"

18

Gothicism

Works characterized by a taste for the medieval or morbidly attractive. ie Horror, supernatural, gloom, violence.

19

Hyperbaton

Yoda speech in addition to where language takes a sudden turn: "Sorry I be but go you must"

20

Caesura

Break/pause in poetry, usually marked by punctuation.

21

Chiasmus

Reversed order of words in parallel expressions. "I love you, you love me"

22

Doppelganger

A character is duplicated into distinct, opposite personalities. Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. This indicates a growing awareness among authors that the "self" is really a composite of many "selves."

23

Anochronism

An error in chronology: placing a person or event or language in the wrong period.

24

Absurd

Usual elements of literature are disregarded to stress lack of logic in nature. Ie the Metamorphosis.

25

Antithesis

Contrary ideas expressed in a balanced sentence. "To err is human, to forgive, divine."

26

Aphorism

A brief statement or observation of a doctrine, truth, or sentiment. "Give a man a fish and feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and..."

27

Anticlimax

A sudden drop from a dignified or important idea to a trivial one. A disappointing contrast.

28

Naturalism

Attempts to apply scientific principles of detachment to its study of human beings. Implies a philosophical position.

29

Negative Capability

A theory of the poet John Keats describing the capacity for accepting uncertainty and the unresolved.

30

Syncope

A traditional term for a contraction within a word through the loss of a vowel sound or letter: cam(e)ra, fam(i)ly, butt(o)ning.