Vocabulary (ch 14) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary (ch 14) Deck (25):
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amniocentesis

puncture into uterine cavity to remove amniotic fluid

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antibody

a protein that is produced in reaction to an antigen in the body

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antigen

any substance inducing an immune response

3

clean catch

method of urine collection using a special cleansing technique

4

culture and sensitivity

growth of microorganisms in a culture, followed by a test to determine which antibiotic they respond best to

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differential

identification of types of white blood cells

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dipstick urine

visual examination of using using a chemically treated stick

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electrolytes

group of chemistry tests: sodium, potassium, chloride, carbon dioxide

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erythrocytes

red blood cells

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guaiac

method of testing stool for hidden blood

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nosocomial infection

infection acquired by patient in hospital

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occult blood

blood undetectable to eye

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pathogens

microorganisms that cause disease

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plasma

fluid portion of blood

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postprandial

after eating

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reference range

range of normal values for lab test result

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reflex testing

additional tests one on specimen subsequent to initial test results

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serology

study of blood serum and other body fluids for immune bodies

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serum

plasma from which fibrinogen has been removed

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sputum

mucous secretion from lungs, bronchi, trachea

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timed specimen

specimen that must be collected at a specific time

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tissue typing

identification of tissue types to predict acceptance/rejection of tissue and organ transplants

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titer

quantity of substance required to react with given amount of another substance

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type and screen

procedure in which blood type and Rh factor are determined and general antibody screen is performed

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urine reflex

procedure in which urine is tested and if certain parameters met, a culture is performed