Vocabulary Unit 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocabulary Unit 1 Deck (20):
1

Admonish

(V) To caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty

Synonym: Reprimand, Call on the carpet
Antonym: Praise Pat on the Back

2

Breach

(N) an opening, gap, rupture, rift, a violation or infraction; (V) to create an opening, break through

Antonyms: Close, seal

3

Brigand

(N) a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman

4

Circumspect

(Adj) Careful, Cautious

Synonyms: Wary, Prudent, Guarded
Antonyms: incautions, rash, reckless, heedless

5

Commandeer

To seize for military or official use

Synonyms: Take over, requisition, expropriate

6

Cumbersome

(Adj) Clumsy, hard to handle; slow moving

Synonyms: Ponderous, difficult, uncomfortable
Antonyms: Manageable, easy to handle

7

Deadlock

(N) A standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions; (V) To bring to such a standstill

Synonyms: Standoff, impasse
Antonyms: Agreement, accord, breakthrough

8

Diffuse

(V) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj) wordy, long winded, or unfocused, scattered or widely spread

Synonyms: Disperse, verbose, prolix
Antonyms: Concentrate, brief, concise, succinct

9

Dilema

(N) A difficult or perplexing situation

Synonyms: Predicament, quandary, pickle, bind
Antonyms: clinch

10

Efface

(V) To wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed

Synonyms: Blot out, erase, expunge

11

Muddle

(V) To make a mess of; muddle through; to get by; (N) A hopeless mess

Synonyms: Jumble, mess up, confusion, disorder
Antonyms: Orderliness, neatness

12

Opinionated

(Adj) Stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind

Synonyms: Obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible
Antonyms: Open-minded, reasonable

13

Perennial

(Adj) Lasting for a long time, persistent; (N) A plant that lives for many years

Synonyms: Enduring, recurring
Antonyms: Brief, short lived, fleeting, ephemeral

14

Predispose

(V) to incline beforehand

Synonyms: tending to, liable to
Antonyms: immunize against, shield from

15

Relinquish

(V) To let go, give up

Synonyms: Surrender
Antonyms: Hold on to, keep, cling to

16

Savage

(V) To save from from fire or shipwreck; (N) Property thus saved

Synonyms: Recover, retrieve, reclaim
Antonyms: Abandon, scrap, junk

17

Spasmodic

(Adj) Sudden and violent but brief; fitful; intermittent

Synonyms: irregular, occasional
Antonyms: steady, continuous, chronic

18

Spurious

(Adj) Not genuine, not true, not valid

Synonyms: False, counterfeit, fraudulent, bogus
Antonyms: genuine, authentic, bona fide, valid

19

Unbridled

(Adj) Lacking in restraint

Synonyms: unrestrained, unchecked
Antonyms: restrained, held in check, muted

20

Debris

(N) Scattered fragments, wreckage

Synonyms: remains, detritus, flotsam and jetsam