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Flashcards in Votes For Women Deck (42):
1

What were arguments or the female suffrage

-equal working conditions, access to education
- Australia, New Zealand and some US states had the vote
- many women were involved on local level politics
- women paid the same taxes as men and should be able to vote for those who spent them
- Britain could not be a democracy f over 50% of the adult population couldn't vote

2

What were arguments against female suffrage?

- women had different spheres
- many were not interested in the vote
- women were irrational and would not vote wisely
- giving the vote to women would mean giving it to all men, some of whom who were not worthy
- women did not fight in wars so shouldn't vote for governments that might declare war

3

Who were the suffragists led by?

Millicent Fawcett

4

When was the NUWSS formed?

1897

5

What were the suffragists main campaign methods?

Rallies,!propaganda, petitions, letters to mp's

6

In what ways were the NUWSS effective?

- managed to get women's bills proposed in parliament several times
-managed to keep the movement in the public eye

7

Who were the suffragettes led by?

EmmelinePankhurst

8

When were the WSPU founded?

1903

9

What methods of campaigning did the WSPU use?

Direct action beginning 1908:
- smashing windows in Downing Street
-chaining themselves to railings
-arson
- vandalism
-propaganda- 'Votes for Women' paper

10

What happened on Black Friday?

Many suffragettes were assaulted physically and sexually by police officers

11

What happened on 4th June 1913?

Emily Wilding Davison died at Epsom Derby when she threw herself in front of the kings horse

12

When was the cat and mouse act introduced?

1913

13

What did the Cat and Mouse act entail?

Releasing suffragettes when they went on hunger strike and re arresting them once they were recovered

14

In what ways were the WSPU effective?

- the issue f female suffrage was never forgotten
- effective campaign ('votes for women' newspaper)
-many admired their willingness to suffer for their cause

15

In what ways were the suffragettes ineffective?

- didn't achieve the vote by 1914
-divided the movement (NUWSS distanced in 1909)
- suffragette violence turned Mp's and public against them

16

What work did women do on the front line?

- nurses
- Salvation Army soup kitchens
- women's auxiliary army corps-drivers, secretaries and officials

17

What work did women do on the home front?

- government departments took on 200,000 women
- 800,000 women worked in engineering
- 260,000 women worked on farms in the Women's Land Army
- thousands in munitions factories

18

What work did the WSPU and NUWSS do in the war?

They worke together raising money for women left behind and encouraging men to volunteer

19

What issue was there regarding the election in war?

Many men were abroad fighting and were away for too long to be able to vote, so the government proposed the Representation of the People Act to give all men the vote

20

What issues did the Representation of the People Act create?

The suffrage movement argued that if all men had the vote, women should also get the vote

21

What also helped gain women the vote?

The fact that Lloyd George became prime minister in 1916 and he supported the female suffrage

22

When was the new act approved in the House of Lords?

January 1918

23

Who were the suffragists led by?

Millicent Fawcett

24

When was the NUWSS formed?

1897

25

What were the suffragists main campaign methods?

Rallies,!propaganda, petitions, letters to mp's

26

In what ways were the NUWSS effective?

- managed to get women's bills proposed in parliament several times
-managed to keep the movement in the public eye

27

Who were the suffragettes led by?

EmmelinePankhurst

28

When were the WSPU founded?

1903

29

What methods of campaigning did the WSPU use?

Direct action beginning 1908:
- smashing windows in Downing Street
-chaining themselves to railings
-arson
- vandalism
-propaganda- 'Votes for Women' paper

30

What happened on Black Friday?

Many suffragettes were assaulted physically and sexually by police officers

31

What happened on 4th June 1913?

Emily Wilding Davison died at Epsom Derby when she threw herself in front of the kings horse

32

When was the cat and mouse act introduced?

1913

33

What did the Cat and Mouse act entail?

Releasing suffragettes when they went on hunger strike and re arresting them once they were recovered

34

In what ways were the WSPU effective?

- the issue f female suffrage was never forgotten
- effective campaign ('votes for women' newspaper)
-many admired their willingness to suffer for their cause

35

In what ways were the suffragettes ineffective?

- didn't achieve the vote by 1914
-divided the movement (NUWSS distanced in 1909)
- suffragette violence turned Mp's and public against them

36

What work did women do on the front line?

- nurses
- Salvation Army soup kitchens
- women's auxiliary army corps-drivers, secretaries and officials

37

What work did women do on the home front?

- government departments took on 200,000 women
- 800,000 women worked in engineering
- 260,000 women worked on farms in the Women's Land Army
- thousands in munitions factories

38

What work did the WSPU and NUWSS do in the war?

They worke together raising money for women left behind and encouraging men to volunteer

39

What issue was there regarding the election in war?

Many men were abroad fighting and were away for too long to be able to vote, so the government proposed the Representation of the People Act to give all men the vote

40

What issues did the Representation of the People Act create?

The suffrage movement argued that if all men had the vote, women should also get the vote

41

What also helped gain women the vote?

The fact that Lloyd George became prime minister in 1916 and he supported the female suffrage

42

When was the new act approved in the House of Lords?

January 1918