War and Peace Flashcards Preview

DCC: Breakdown > War and Peace > Flashcards

Flashcards in War and Peace Deck (49)
1

victor -ōris m.

conqueror

2

victōria -ae f.

victory

3

vincō vincere vīcī victum

conquer

4

vinculum -ī n.

bond, fetter, tie

5

vīs f.

force; (acc.) vim, (abl.) vī; (pl.) vīrēs, strength

6

superō -āre

overcome, surpass, defeat

7

tēlum -ī n.

missile, weapon, spear

8

tūtus -a -um

safe, protected

9

sīgnum -ī n.

sign, standard, mark

10

praeda -ae f.

booty, prey

11

praesidium -ī n.

garrison, protection

12

premō premere pressī pressum

press, pursue, overwhelm

13

proelium -ī n.

battle

14

pāx pācis f.

peace

15

occupō -āre

seize, occupy; anticipate, do a thing first (+ infin.)

16

ōrdō -īnis m.

order, rank

17

parcō parcere pepercī parsum

spare, be sparing of (+ dat.)

18

mīles -itis m.

soldier

19

hostis -is m./f.

stranger, enemy

20

imperātor -ōris m.

commander

21

imperium -ī n.

command, power

22

imperō -āre

command, control

23

īnferō īnferre intulī illātum

bring upon, against; bellum īnferre: make war on

24

lēgātus -ī m.

lieutenant, envoy

25

legiō -ōnis f.

legion

26

eques equitis m.

horseman, knight

27

exercitus -ūs m.

army

28

gerō gerere gessī gestum

bear, manage; bellum gerere, wage war

29

gladius -ī m.

sword

30

gradus -ūs m.

step, pace; grade, rank

31

cōpia -ae f.

abundance; (pl.) troops

32

dēfendō -fendere -fendī -fēnsum

defend, ward off

33

deficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum

fail, give out; revolt from

34

dux ducis m./f.

leader, general

35

auxilium -ī n.

support, assistance; (pl.) auxiliary forces

36

barbarus -ī m.

foreigner, barbarian

37

bellum -ī n.

war

38

capiō capere cēpī captum

seize

39

castrum -ī n.

fortress, (regularly plural, castra camp)

40

cēdō cēdere cessī cessum

go, move; yield

41

cingō cingere cīnxī cīnctum

encircle, surround, gird

42

classis -is f.

class, division, fleet

43

cohors cohortis f.

cohort, band, troop

44

concēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum

yield, withdraw

45

āgmen -minis n.

line of march

46

arma -ōrum n. pl.

arms, weapons

47

aciēs -ēī f.

edge; line of battle

48

adversus -a -um

facing, opposed; unfavorable

49

adversus (-um)

(adv. and prep.) facing, opposite, against, opposed (to)