Wartime Conferences Flashcards Preview

Concise Cold War > Wartime Conferences > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wartime Conferences Deck (11):
1

What was discussed regarding state of war at Tehran Nov 1943?

- State of war: Allies pushed Germans back on Western Front, out of Italy and North Africa. USSR pushed Germans back on Eastern Front. Japanese island hopping.

2

At Tehran what was to happen with Germany and Poland?

- Versailles had failed, unconditional surrender for Germany, and Operation Overlord, 6 June 1944.
- USSR to gain Polish land lost in 1939, Polish to gain German land. 1943, 10,000 corpses found at Katyn Forest, Smolensk.

3

At Tehran what did Stalin make allies accept and what was to replace LoN?

- Stalin forced allies to accept annexation of Baltic states, Finland, and Romania.
- League of Nations was failure, Roosevelt wanted UN and cut down of British colonialism.

4

Where was Yalta Conference held?

4-11 Feb 1945, Ukraine

5

At Yalta how would Germany be split and what rights would Russia gain for war against Japan?

- Germany and Berlin split in four, Nazi war criminals tried at international court of justice.
- Russia to enter war against Japan for southern half of Sakhalin Island and rights in Manchuria.

6

What reparation did USSR want at Yalta, and what coalition was Stalin forced to accept?

- USSR lost 20 million, wanted to gain sphere of influence. Churchill forced Roosevelt to accept shift of borders into Poland as Greece was untouched.
- Communist government set in Lublin, Poland. Stalin forced to accept coalition with exile government.
- UN to be set up.

7

What discussion was there about Yalta? What happened when Roosevelt died?

- Roosevelt stated that never before had the Big Three been as close, Churchill feared Stalin’s threat to free world. Churchill was made to sing Soviet national anthem at home.
- Roosevelt died April 1945, Truman replaced him. 2 weeks later sternly told Molotov to adhere to Yalta. Molotov claimed he was being harsh.

8

When did Potsdam discussion start? How had USSR become an increasing threat?

Potsdam discussions started on 17 July 1945. - 25 million under Soviet control in East Europe, border extended by 500km.

9

When did Roosevelt die and when was atom bomb tested around Potsdam?

- 12 April 1945 Roosevelt died, replaced by hardliner Truman.
- 16 June 1945 – atom bomb tested. Stalin not told by Truman that there were plans to drop atom bomb at Japan.

10

What would happen to Germany at Potsdam?

- Germany and Berlin split into four with central German authorities and local administrations, de-Nazification to begin and criminals tried. Refugees repatriated to Germany.
- 25% of goods in West Germany to be sent East.

11

What line was set, and what war would be waged at Potsdam?

- Poland would gain Oder-Neisse line across Germany.
- Soviets to enter war against Japan.
- Not an official peace treaty.