Flashcards in Water Garden Plants Deck (14)
Give the proper name for plants' adaptations to watery conditions.
How do leaves adapt to cope with being submerged? (2 answers)
They adapt to photosynthesise in low light
They are finely divided to increase surface area
How do floating leaves arrange their stomata
On the upper surface to avoid being drowned
How could plants which can't root adapt themselves?
Become a free floater - these don't need to root.
Seeds of water plants have what important characteristic for survival?
High reserves of energy so that emerging plants make it to the surface.
What are the 3 main types of water plant?
Oxygenators, Deep Water Aquatics and Free Floaters.
For which elements do oxygenators compete with algae?
Minerals and CO2
Give 2 examples of oxygenating plants.
Ceratophyllum demersum (hornwort)
Myriophyllum spicatum (milfoil)
Give 2 examples of the advantages and needs of deep water aquatics.
Depth of water 30-90 cm
Give shade providing shelter for fish and frogs, reducing algae
Give 2 examples of deep-water aquatics.
Nymphoides peltata (water fringe)
Give 2 examples of free floaters.
Hydrocharis morsus ranea (frogbit)
Trapa natans (water chestnut)
Which 2 types of plant could be considered shallow aquatics?
Marginals, bog plants
Give 2 examples of marginal plants.
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold)
Iris laevigata (water iris)
Zantedeschia aethiopica (arum lily)