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Flashcards in Waves Deck (29)
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1

Refracation

Refraction is the bending of light when it slows down and hits another medium.

2

Speed of sound

The speed of sound is around 340 m/s in gas, 1500 m/s in liquid and around 5000 m/s in a solid.

3

Vacuum

A vacuum is a machine that sucks all of the gas particles out of a container to make the thing inside it silent.

4

Cornea

The cornea is a part of the eye that refracts light as it enters the eye through the pupil.

5

Lens

The lensrefracts entering light to focus it onto the retina where the light needs to meet.

6

Retina

The retina is a part of the eye that contains light receptors which trigger electrical impulses to be sent to the brain when light is detected.

7

Convex lens

A convex lens refracts the light to meet at the retina. People need a convex lens if the light meets behind the retina. This person is long sighted

8

Concave lens

A concave lens diverges the refracted light to make it meet at the retina. People need a concave lens if the light meets before the retina. This person is short sighted

9

Peak

The peak or crest is the top of a sound wave

10

Reflected ray

A reflected ray is a ray that shines on an object but then shines of the object and somewhere else

11

Frequency

Frequency is how many waves are displayed per second

12

Amplitude

Amplitude is the measurement from the crest to the middle

13

Transverse waves

The oscillations are at right angles to the direction of travel and energy transfer

14

Ultrasound

Ultrasound sends frequencies greater than 20000Hz. It sends waves into the body and it reflects of and object and gets displayed onto a screen. Doctors use this during pregnancy

15

Echo

An echo is the reflection of sound bouncing off of a solid and coming back to you.

16

Wave

A wave is a vibration through air particles to make sound so that it can be heard.

17

Pitch

The pitch of a sound is how hight or how low the sound is.

18

Reverberation

Reverberation is the return or bounce back of an echo.

19

Incident ray

The incident ray is the light that is shining on the surface/ the light that hits it first.

20

Wave length

The distance until the waves shape repeats its shape.

21

Dispersion

The separating of light when they split into different colours.

22

Speed of light

The speed of light as it travels through air and space is much faster than that of sound; it travels at 300 million meters per second or 273,400 miles per hour.

23

Spectrum

The band of colours produced by separation of light by their different degrees of refraction.

24

Longitudinal wave

A kind of wave that vibrates in the direction of propagation.

25

Law of reflection

The law of reflection states that the incident ray and the normal to the surface of the mirror all lie in the same plane.

26

Medium

A substance that makes it possible to hear waves by providing particles for vibration.

27

Angle of refraction

The amount of appeared bending there is when the light is refracted.

28

Diffuse scattering

It is the scattering that arises from any departure of the material structure from that of a perfectly regular lattice.

29

Specular reflection

It is the mirror like reflection of light from a surface.