Weather Flashcards Preview

Science > Weather > Flashcards

Flashcards in Weather Deck (34):
1

Air pressure

The force that air puts on an area.

2

Tropical depression

A region of low pressure with counter clockwise wind rotation that develops into a hurricane or tropical storm

3

Celsius

The metric temperature scale: Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius, and it freezes at 0 degrees Celsius

4

Cumulus cloud

Large, fluffy, white clouds, often seen in fair skies; can develop into cumulonimbus clouds

5

Cirrus cloud

Thin, wispy-looking clouds, commonly found at heights greater than 6km

6

Thermometer

A device used to measure temperature

7

Tropical

Very warm throughout the year

8

Ocean current

Large-scale movement of water within the oceans in a certain direction

9

Dew point

The temperature at which point water vapor in the air condenses into water

10

Hurricane

A storm with strong winds and rains that forms over tropical waters (related term:typhoon)

11

Desert

An area that gets little precipitation and has very little vegetation

12

Typhoon

A hurricane or tropical storm that originated in the Pacific Ocean

13

Humidity

The measure of how much water is in the air

14

Forecast

(V) to analyze weather data and make an educated guess about weather in the future. (N) a prediction about what the weather will be like in the future based on weather data.

15

Atmosphere

The layers of gases that surround the planet

16

Hail

Small, icy balls that fall from the sky.

17

Thunderstorms

A weather system that produces high precipitation, winds, lightning, and thunder.

18

Cloud

A collection of water or ice crystals in the atmosphere

19

Precipitation

Water that is released from clouds in the sky; includes rain, snow, sleet, hail, and freezing rain.

20

Drought

A shortage in rain fall may cause dry conditions. If the shortage continues for a long time, drought results.

21

Front

In the weather, the boundary between two masses of air with different properties.

22

Meteorology

The study of patterns of weathers

23

Freezing point

The temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid

24

Tornado

A funnel-shaped cloud or column of air that rotates at high speeds and extends down from a cloud to the ground.

25

Cumulonimbus Cloud

Anvil-shape cloud that often involved in heavy or violent. Cumulonimbus Clouds are also called thunderheads. (Related words: cumulus, nimbus.)

26

Thunder

A loud noise that happens when lightning heats the air and causes it to expand and contract quickly.

27

Weather

The property’s of the atmosphere at a given time and location, including temperature, air movement and precipitation.

28

Waterspout

A funnel-shaped cloud that forms over water and pulls water upward.

29

Barometer

A tool used to measure air pressure. (Related word: Barometric)

30

Global warming

The slow warming in the earth’s atmosphere due to climate change.

31

Temperature

A measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms in a system, used to express thermal energy in degrees

32

Barometric pressure

The pressure(force per unite area) of the atmosphere against a surface.

33

Funnel cloud

A rotating, funnel-shaped cloud: funnel clouds do not touch the ground.

34

Climate

The current or past long-term weather conditions characteristics of a region or the entire Earth.