Flashcards in Week 1 Basic terminology Deck (17):
Distinct parts or sections of the song
The sources of the vocal and/or instrumental sounds you hear – how many of each and what kinds – and to describe their tone qualities (i.e. warm, brassy, nasal, reedy, thick, metallic, harsh, bright, clear, etc)
A song's regular beat, which can be described in terms of: Tempo, Meter, Ostinato, and Polyrhythm
Overall shapes of phrases or short passages. (e.g. smooth/jagged, busy/sparse)
Can you hear a major or minor tonality?
Is the melody composed of short distinct ideas? Varied or repeated? Call & response?
What is the relationship between text (if any) and tune?
How fast is it? Does it speed up or slow down?
Does a pattern of accents group the beats into 2's, 3's, 4's etc.? Are the main beats subdivided in halves, thirds, quarters, etc.? Are these subdivisions even (straight/rock) or uneven (swing)?
Are there any repeated rhythmic patterns (e.g. bass-line, guitar lick, sax riff, piano vamp)?
are there two or more interlocking rhythmic patterns?
Polyrhythm [if present]
As you sing/hum along with the main vocal/instrumental lines, try to note if/how they are varied or repeated, and whether they sound composed (e.g. repeated or played by more than one)
or improvised (e.g. instrumental solo)
Just about all rock music can be considered (broadly) homophonic in texture insofar as the vocal and instrumental melodies are harmonized, and generally feature relatively short repeating chord progressions (often coinciding with and/or defining the various sections)
one single melody (performed unharmonized in unison or octaves)
single (unharmonized) melody in different simultaneous interpretations
two or more independent simultaneous melodies