Week 1: Definitions Flashcards Preview

Womens Health > Week 1: Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1: Definitions Deck (96):
1

Nullipara (O)

A woman who has never been pregnant beyond 20 weeks gestation

2

Gravid (O)

The number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome

3

Para/parity (O)

The number of babies born after 20 weeks gestation

4

G6, P4 (O)

Gravida 6, Para 4 means pregnant 6 times (includes the current pregnancy) and has previously delivered 4 babies at more than 20 weeks gestation

5

Grand multipara (O)

A woman who has delivered 5 or more babies at more than 20 weeks gestation

6

Abortion/ miscarriage (O)

Pregnancy loss before 20 weeks gestation

7

Labour (O)

Regular painful contractions with cervical change after 20 weeks gestation

8

Lower uterine segment caesarean section (O)

Operative delivery of the baby through an incision in the lower uterine segment

9

Classical caesarean section (O)

Operative delivery of a baby through a vertical incision in the upper segment of the uterus

10

Hysterotomy (O)

Operative delivery of the baby through a uterine incision at less than 20 weeks gestation

11

Preterm labour (O)

Labour at less than 37 weeks gestation

12

Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM)
(O)

Rupture of the membranes before the onset of labour

13

Premature prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM)
(O)

Rupture of the membranes before labour at less than 37 weeks gestation

14

ARM/AROM
(O)

Artificial rupture of the membranes

15

SROM
(O)

Spontaneous rupture of the membranes

16

Braxton Hicks Contractions
(O)

Painless uterine contractions in the antenatal period

17

Naegles rule (O)

"To estimate the probable date of confinement.
Add 9 months and 7 days to first day of the last menstrual period. A correction is required if the patient does not have 28 day cycles"

18

First stage of labour
(O)

From the start of labour until full dilatation of the cervix

19

Second stage of labour
(O)

From full dilatation of the cervix until birth of the baby

20

Third stage of labour
(O)

From birth of the baby until delivery of the placenta and membranes

21

Spurious or false labour
(O)

Uterine contractions which may be regular and/or painful, but are not associated with cervical effacement and dilatation

22

Oxytocic (O)

Medication that stimulates contractions of the uterine muscle

23

Tocolytic (O)

Medication to stop uterine contractions

24

Induction of labour (O)

The process of causing labour to commence

25

Augmentation of labour
(O)

The process of stimulating a labour that has already started

26

Placenta praevia (O)

Placenta that approaches or covers the internal cervical os in late second or third trimester

27

Vasa praevia (O)

Fetal vessels lying in the membranes in front of the presenting part

28

Antepartum haemorrhage (O)

Bleeding > 5mL from the vagina after 20 weeks gestation

29

Abruption (O)

Separation of the placenta from the uterus in the antenatal or intrapartum period

30

Post partum haemorrhage (O)

Vaginal bleeding of more than 500mL in the first 24 hrs after delivery

31

Secondary post partum haemorrhage (O)

Vaginal bleeding of more than 500mL more than 24 hrs after delivery

32

Placenta accreta (O)

Placenta that invades the myometrium

33

Uterine atony (O)

Abnormal relaxation of the uterus after delivery, usually causing bleeding

34

Isoimmunisation (O)

Blood group antibodies cross the placenta resulting in haemolysis of fetal red blood cells. Antibodies include D, c, K (Kell), Kidd, Duffy etc.

35

CTG (O)

cardiotocograph

36

Neonatal death (O)

A liveborn infant who dies within 28 days of birth, of at least 20 weeks gestation or weighing >400gm if gestation is unknown

37

Stillbirth (O)

An infant born after 20 weeks gestation (or birthweight over 400gm if gestation is unknown) who did not show any signs of life after birth

38

Perinatal mortality rate
(O)

The number of stillbirths plus neonatal deaths per 1000 births

39

Maternal death (O)

The death of a woman while pregnant (irrespective of the gestation) or within 42 days of the conclusion of the pregnancy irrespective of the cause of death or gestation at delivery

40

Maternal mortality rate
(O)

Number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births

41

Infant death (O)

Death of an infant between 29 days and 1 year of life

42

Station (O)

The level of descent of the presenting part relative to the pelvic brim or symphysis on abdominal palpation, or to the ischial spines on vaginal examination

43

Lie (O)

The relationship between the long axis of the fetus and the long axis of the uterus, eg longitudinal, oblique, transverse

44

Position (O)

The relationship of a defined area on the presenting part (the 'denominator') to the mother's pelvis. In a cephalic presentation, the denominator is the occiput, thus the fetal position is described as occipito-anterior (OA), occipito-posterior (OP), left or tight occipito-transverse (L/ROT). In a breech presentation, the denominator is the sacrum (SA, SP, ST)

45

Presentation (O)

The part of the fetus which is presenting e.g. vertex, breech

46

Asynclitism (O)

Side to side tilt of the fetal head

47

Caput (O)

Oedema from obstructed venous return in the fetal scalp caused by pressure of the head against the cervix

48

Cervical incompetence (O)

Painless cervical dilatation in the second trimester causing preterm labour

49

Cord Prolapse (O)

The cord is alongside or below the presenting part in the presence of ruptured membranes

50

Episiotomy (O)

Surgical incision of the perineum during the second stage of labour

51

Third degree tear (O)

Perineal trauma which involves the vaginal mucosa, perineal muscles and external anal sphincter

52

Second degree tear (O)

Perineal trauma which involves the vaginal mucosal and perineal muscles

53

Lochia (O)

Vaginal discharge during the puerperium

54

Oligohydramnios (O)

Reduced amniotic fluid

55

Polyhydramnios (O)

Excess amniotic fluid

56

Pre eclampsia (O)

Hypertension and proteinuria in pregnancy

57

Eclampsia (O)

A seizure in the clinical setting of preeclampsia

58

Amniocentesis (O)

Sampling of amniotic fluid using a needle through the abdominal wall of the woman

59

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
(O)

Chorionic villus sampling. Sampling of the placenta using a needle under ultrasound guidance

60

External cephalic version (O)

Turning a breech baby to cephalic presentation through the maternal abdominal wall

61

Retained placenta (O)

Placenta still in utero 1 hour after delivery of the baby

62

Precipitate labour (O)

Labour less than 4 hours duration

63

Shoulder dystocia (O)

Difficulty delivering the shoulders after delivery of the fetal head

64

Puerperium (O)

The 6 weeks following delivery

65

Quickening (O)

Maternal perception of fetal movements

66

Restitution (O)

Rotation of the fetal head after delivery to align with the back and shoulders

67

Show (O)

A discharge of blood and mucus from the vagina in early labour or the days preceding labour

68

Phototherapy (O)

Use of standard fluorescent white light or blue light therapy to photoisomerise bilirubin to allow for its excretion

69

Exchange transfusion (O)

Procedure to treat severe newborn pathological jaundice in which blood is removed and replaced with donor blood. This removes the bilirubin and also the antibodies that have been causing haemolysis and jaundice

70

Low birthweight baby
(O)

71

Very low birthweight baby (O)

72

Neonatal respiratory distress (O)

Tachypnoea, increased effort of breathing, noisy breathing and central cyanosis

73

Caesarean hysterectomy (O)

Laparotomy at which the contents of the gravid uterus are delivered, then the uterus is excised (e.g due to placenta accreta)

74

Perimortem CS (O)

Caesarean performed on a moribund or dead woman with a view to preserving her life

75

Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB)
(G)

An overarching term for disturbed menstrual bleeding, which include bleedin that is abnormally heavy or abnormal in timing

76

Primary amenorrhea
(G)

Absence of periods ever

77

Secondary amenorrhea
(G)

Absence of periods for a 6-month period

78

Intermenstrual bleeding
(G)

Bleeding episodes between normally timed menstrual periods that are either random or follow a cyclical pattern

79

Irregular menstrual bleeding (G)

Unpredictable onset of menses, with cycle variations of >20 days over a period of 1 year

80

Prolonged menstrual bleeding (G)

Menstrual bleeding lasting >8 days on a regular basis

81

Acute AUB (G)

An episode of heavy bleeding that, in the clinician's opinion, is sufficiently heavy to require immediate treatment to prevent further blood loss

82

Chronic AUB (G)

Bleeding from the uterine corpus that is abnormal in volume, duration, and/or frequency and has been present for most of the past 6 months

83

Heavy menstrual bleeding (replaces menorrhagia)
(G)

Excessive menstrual blood loss that interferes with a woman's physical, emotional, social, and material quality of life, occurring alone or with other symptoms. Note that this definition includes menstrual bleeding deemed excessive by the patient regardless of its regularity, frequency, or duration

84

Dysmenorrhea (G)

Pelvic pain during menstruation

85

Dyspareunia (G)

Pain with sexual intercourse

86

Cervical excitation
(G)

Pain felt by the woman when her cervix is moved during vaginal examination, typically from free blood in the peritoneal cavity

87

Cervical ectropion (G)

The endocervical columnar epithelium protrudes through the external os of the cervix and onto the vaginal portion of the cervix

88

Infertility (G)

Failure of a couple to conceive in 1 year

89

Endometriosis (G)

The occurrence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, most commonly on the pelvic peritoneal surfaces

90

Adenomyosis (G)

The occurrence of endometrial tissue within the myometrium

91

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
(G)

Infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes or pelvis

92

Menopause (G)

The final menstrual period

93

Premature menopause
(G)

Menopause occurring before 40 years of age

94

Climacteric/ perimenopause
(G)

The period of time when ovarian function declines and menopausal symptoms appear

95

Post menopause (G)

The time after menopause

96

Lactational amenorrhea method (G)

Effective contraception provided when a woman is fully breast-feeding a baby less than 6 months of age and has no return of menses