Week 124 - Communicable diseases II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 124 - Communicable diseases II Deck (6):
1

Extremely contagious acute viral illness caused my mobillivirus
- infection rate of ~95% from exposure

Spread by direct contact with nose and throat secretions and in airborne droplets from coughs and sneezes

Reservoir is humans

Infectious from day 1, symptoms appear at day 4:
- raised rash (lasts 5 - 6 days)
- loss of appetite
- loose stools

Complications = mortality of 1/1000

Measles

2

What are the symptoms typical of measles?

Raised rash lasting 5-6 days

Loss of appetite

Loose stools

3

How is measles transmitted?

Direct contact with nasal or throat secretions

Airborne droplets from coughs and sneezes

4

What is the best method of preventing disease of measles?

MMR vaccination

5

How much of the population need to be vaccinated for herd immunity?

95%

6

What age should children be vaccinated at?

First dose: 12-13 months

Second dose: 3 years 4 months - 5 years