Week 2- Chap 4&5- anatomical terminology & dermatology (integumentary system) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 2- Chap 4&5- anatomical terminology & dermatology (integumentary system) Deck (87):
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Abdominal

Pertaining to the abdomen

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Abdominopelvic cavity

abdomin/o = abdomen
pelv/o = pelvis
ic = pertaining to

Inferior of two ventral cavities; large cavity generally subdivided into abdominal and pelvic cavities; however, no clear structure indicating where one cavity stops & the other begins; organs of abdominopelvic cavity are protected by membrane covering called the peritoneum.
Abdominal cavity: houses the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, & portions of colon and intestine.
Pelvic cavity: contains the uninart bladder, ureters, urethra, & portions of colon and intestine in both genders; in females it also contains the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, & vagina; in males it contains the prostate gland, semi vesicles, bulbourethral gland, & portion of vas deferens.

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Antecubital

(anatomy) Pertaining to, or situated in the anterior (front) part of the elbow (cubitus)

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Anterior

(anatomy) Nearer the forward end; nearer the head of an animal or the front of a human.

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Axillary

Of or pertaining to the axilla or armpit; underarm area

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Caudal

(zoology) Pertaining to the tail or posterior or hind part of a body.

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Cephalic

Pertaining to the head;

7

Cranial cavity

crani/o = skull
al = pertaining to

Of or relating to the cranium, or to the skull.
Dorsal cavity; lies inside skull and contains the brain; brain is protected by membrane sac called meninges.

8

Distal

(anatomy, geology) Remote from the point of attachment or origin; as, the distal end of a bone or muscle.

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Dorsal

(anatomy) With respect to, or concerning the side in which the backbone is located, or the analogous side of an invertebrate

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Epigastric

Of or pertaining to the epigastrium

(anatomy) The upper middle region of the abdomen, between the umbilical and hypochondriac regions.

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Hypochondriac

From French hypocondriaque, from Ancient Greek ὑποχονδριακός (hupokhondriakós, “of the region between the ribs and navel”), from ὑποχόνδριος (hupokhóndrios, “the space between the ribs and the navel”), from ὑπό (hupó, “below”) + χόνδρος (khóndros, “cartilage”)

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Hypogastric

(anatomy) Of or pertaining to the hypogastrium.

An area of the human abdomen residing below the umbilicus.

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Iliac

Of or pertaining to the ilium.

(anatomy) The upper and widest of the three bones that make up each side of the hipbone and pelvis.

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Inferior

(botany) Situated below some other organ

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Inguinal

Of or pertaining to the groin

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Lateral

(anatomy) Pertaining to the left or right of the body; further from the midline.

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Lumbar

Related to the lower back or loin.

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Medial

(anatomy) Pertaining to the inside; closer to the midline.
The medial side of the knee faces the other knee, while the outer side of the knee is lateral.

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Ventral

Related to the abdomen or stomach
(anatomy) On the front side of the human body, or the corresponding surface of an animal, usually the lower surface.

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Posterior

(anatomy) Nearer the back end; nearer the caudal end of the body in quadrupeds or the dorsal end in bipeds.

Located behind, or towards the rear of an object.

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Midline

(anatomy, medicine) The medial line (or plane) of the body, which divides the body into halves that are mirror-images of each other.

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Pelvic cavity

(anatomy) The large compound bone structure at the base of the spine that supports the legs. It consists of hip bone, sacrum and coccyx.
(anatomy) A funnel-shaped cavity, especially such a cavity in the kidney into which urine passes towards the ureter

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Pleural cavity

(anatomy) The part of the thoracic cavity that surrounds the lungs and is enclosed by the pleurae.

Pleurae: (anatomy) The smooth serous membrane which closely covers the lungs and the adjacent surfaces of the thorax; the pleural membrane

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Proximal

(anatomy, geology) Closer to the point of attachment or observation.

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Spinal cavity

spin/o = spine
al = pertaining to

Dorsal cavity; formed by canal through vertebrae; contains the spinal cord; spinal cord is also protected by the meninges.
The spinal canal (or vertebral canal or spinal cavity) is the space in vertebrae through which the spinal cord passes.

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Superficial

Of or pertaining to the surface.
Being near the surface.

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Superior

Located above.

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Thoracic cavity

thorac/o = chest

ic = pertaining to

Superior of two ventral cavities; found enclosed by ribs and separated from abdominopelvic cavity by diaphragm muscle; contains organs such as the lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, aorta, & thymus gland; it can be subdivided into one central and two side regions.
Mediastinum: central region; contains the heart, trachea, esophagus, aorta, & thymus gland; heart is encased in the pericardial sac.
Pleural cavities: side regions; each contains a lung; sac protecting lungs is called pleura.

(medicine) A chamber located within the upper human torso (and other animal bodies) which contains the heart and lungs.

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Umbilical

Of, or relating to, the navel (umbilicus) or the umbilical cord.

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Viscera

plural form of viscus Collectively, the internal organs of the body, especially those contained within the abdominal and thoracic cavities, such as the liver, heart, or stomach.

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RUQ

Right upper quadrant

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RLQ

Right lower quadrant

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LUQ

left upper quadrant

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LLQ

Left lower quadrant

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Abrasion

Skin injury that scrapes away the surface skin.

In dermatology, an abrasion is a wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis. It is less severe than a laceration, and bleeding, if present, is minimal

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Adenectomy

Adenectomy, from the Greek aden (gland), and ektomē (to remove), is a surgical removal of all or part of a gland

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Adenitis

Adenitis is a general term for an inflammation of a gland[1] or lymph node.

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Adenoma

An adenoma (from Greek αδένας, adeno-, "gland" + -ώμα, -oma, "tumor") (/ˌædɨˈnoʊmə/; plural adenomas or adenomata /ˌædɨˈnoʊmɨtə/) is a benign tumor of epithelial tissue with glandular origin, glandular characteristics, or both.

39

Adipose

In biology, adipose tissue /ˈædɨˌpoʊs/ or body fat or just fat is loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.

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Cellulitis

Inflammation of connective tissue cells of skin

Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the skin. It specifically affects the dermis and subcutaneous fat. Signs and symptoms include an area of redness which increases in size over a couple of days.

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Cryosurgery

Cryosurgery (cryotherapy) is the application of extreme cold to destroy abnormal or diseased tissue.[1] The term comes from the Greek words cryo (κρύο) ("icy cold") and surgery (cheirourgiki – χειρουργική) meaning "hand work" or "handiwork".

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Cutaneous

(anatomy, zoology) Of, relating to, existing on, or affecting the exterior skin; especially the cutis

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Cyanosis

(pathology) A blue discolouration of the skin due to the circulation of blood low in oxygen.

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Cyanotic

Pertaining to

(pathology) A blue discolouration of the skin due to the circulation of blood low in oxygen.

45

Dermabrasion

A cosmetic medical procedure in which the surface of the epidermis of the skin is removed by abrasion, typically to remove scarring or sun-damaged skin.

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Dermis

(anatomy) The tissue of the skin underlying the epidermis.

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Dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

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Dermatologist

one who is skilled, professes or practices dermatology.

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Dermatology

the study of the skin and its diseases

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Dermatophathy

Disease of the skin

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Epidermis

The outer, protective layer of the skin of vertebrates, covering the dermis

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Erythroderma

Red skin.

An inflammatory skin disease with erythema and scaling that affects nearly the entire cutaneous surface.

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Hypodermic

under the dermis

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Impetigo

contagious bacterial skin disease

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Intradermal

Intradermal means inside/within, about, or below a dermal tissue layer (typically the skin) and describes the location of administration.

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Lesion

(medicine) An infected or otherwise injured or diseased organ or part, especially such patch of skin.

General term indicating presence of type of tissue abnormality

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Leukoderma

White skin

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Lipectomy

(surgery) The surgical removal of fat from the body

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Lipoid

pertaining to fat. A lipid.

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Lipoma

(pathology) A nonmalignant tumor comprising fat cells.

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Melanoma

(oncology, pathology) A dark-pigmented, usually malignant tumor arising from a melanocyte and occurring most commonly in the skin.

Black tumor/mass/swelling

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Melanocyte

A cell in the skin that produces the pigment melanin (dark pigment).

Pigment cell.

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Necrosis

localized death of cells or tissue

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Onychomycosis

Fungal infection of the nail, especially the toenail.

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Percutaneous

taking place through the skin

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Pruritus

(medicine) severe itching, especially of undamaged skin; caused by allergy, infection, lymphoma etc

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Psoriasis



(pathology) A noncontagious disease whose main symptom is gray or silvery flaky patches on the skin which are red and inflamed underneath when scratched.

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Pyogenic

Producing pus

referring to bacterial infections that make pus

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Pyorrhea

Discharge of pus

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Seborrhea

Oily discharge

Seborrheic dermatitis (also seborrhea, sebopsoriasis, seborrheic eczema, dandruff and pityriasis capitis)[1] is a chronic, relapsing and usually mild dermatitis. In infants seborrheic dermatitis is called cradle cap.

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Subcutaneous

Under the skin

Pertaining to the fatty layer under the skin

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Transdermal

Across/through skin

through unbroken skin

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Ulcer

Open sore or lesion in the skin or mucus membrane

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Urticaria

Skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching; usually associated with food allergy, stress, or drug reactions.

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Xanthoderma

A yellow coloration of the skin.

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Wheal

small raised swelling on the skin


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BX, bx Bx?

Biopsy

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C&S

Culture and sensitivity

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Derm

Dermatology

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I&D

Incision and drainage

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ID

Intradermal

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Subcu, Subq, SQ

Subcutaneous

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Ante

In front of

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Epi

Above

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Hypo

Below

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Retro

Behind