Week 6- Chap 10 Pulmonology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Week 6- Chap 10 Pulmonology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 6- Chap 10 Pulmonology Deck (28):
0

Chest/puncture to withdraw fluid

insertion of a hollow needle or similar instrument into the pleural cavity of the chest in order to drain pleural fluid.

#1

Thoracocentesis #1

Thoraco

Centesis

1

pleura / puncture to withdraw fluid

insertion of a hollow needle or similar instrument into the pleural cavity of the chest in order to drain pleural fluid.

#2

Pleurocentesis #2

Pleur/o

Centesis

2

Chest / puncture to withdraw fluid

insertion of a hollow needle or similar instrument into the pleural cavity of the chest in order to drain pleural fluid.

#3

Thoracentesis. #3

Thorac/o

Centesis

3

Without / breathing


a temporary suspension of breathing, occurring in some newborns and in some adults during sleep

Apnea

A

Pnea

4

Slow / breathing


Abnormal slowness of respiration.

Bradypnea

Brady

Pnea

5

bronchus / inflammation

acute or chronic inflammation of the membrane lining of the bronchial tubes, caused by respiratory infection or exposure to bronchial irritants, as cigarette smoke.

Bronchitis

Bronch/o

Itis

6

bronchus / process of visually examining

an examination by means of a bronchoscope.

Bronchoscopy

Bronch/o

Scopy

7

bronchus / involuntary strong muscle contraction

spasmodic contraction of the muscular lining of the bronchi, as in asthma, causing difficulty in breathing.

Bronchospasm

Bronch/o

Spasm

8

blue / abnormal condition

A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes resulting from inadequate oxygenation of the blood.

Cyanosis

Cyan

Osis

9

abnormal, labored / breathing

Difficulty in breathing, often associated with lung or heart disease and resulting in shortness of breath.

Dyspnea

Dys

Pnea

10

Pulmonary condition resulting from destruction of alveolar walls leading to overinflated alveoli.

A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.

Emphysema

11

within / trachea / pertaining to


Within or passing through the trachea.

Endotracheal

Endo

Trache/o

al

12

Blood / spitting

The spitting of blood derived from the lungs or from the bronchial tubes.

Hemoptysis

Hem/o

ptysis

13

insufficient / oxygen

inadequate oxygenation of the blood.

Hypoxia

Hypo

Oxia

14

lobe / surgical removal


Excision of a lobe of an organ or a gland.

Lobectomy

lob/o

ectomy

15

straight / breathing

Discomfort in breathing that is relieved by sitting or standing in an erect position.

Orthopnea

orth/o

pnea

16

oxygen / process of measuring

the measuring of oxygen saturation of the blood by means of an oximeter.

Oximetry

ox/i

metry

17

lung / state of

An acute or chronic disease marked by inflammation of the lungs and caused by viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms and sometimes by physical and chemical irritants.

Pneumonia

pneumon/o

ia

18

lung / inflammation


Inflammation of lung tissue. Also called pulmonitis.

Pneumonitis

pneumon/o

itis

19

lung / one who studies

A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disorders.

Pulmonologist

pulmon/o

logist

20

breathing / instrument to measure

An instrument for measuring the volume of air entering and leaving the lungs.

Spirometer

spir/o

meter

21

chest / pertaining to


Of, relating to, or situated in or near the thorax.

Thoracic

thorac/o

ic

22

trachea, windpipe / create a new opening

Surgical construction of a respiratory opening in the trachea.

Tracheostomy

trache/o

ostomy

23

Anteroposterior view in radiology

AP view

24

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPD

25

Shortness of breath

SOB

26

Tuberculosis

TB

27

air / chest

Collection of air or gas in pleural cavity which can result in collapse of lung

Pneumothorax

pneum/o

thorax