Week 2: Consonants Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 2: Consonants Deck (26):
1

What do teachers need to know?

Sound System: Segmentals and Suprasegmentals
L1 Awareness: Differences in Sound Systems; Potential problems
Pedagogy: Teaching what and when to teach

2

Segmentals

Vowels, Consonants

3

Suprasegmentals

Stress and rhythm, Assimilation and Linking, Prominence and Intonation

4

Phonemes

Sounds differences that distinguish words ex: kit,hit,sit

5

Allophones

Sound differences that do not result in meaning change: aspirations

6

Voicing

Vocal cord vibrations

7

Place of Articulation

Where the sound is made

8

Manner of Articulation

How the airflow is affected

9

Voicing: Voiced

The larynx vibrates /zzz/

10

Voicing: Unvoiced

The larynx does not vibrate /sss/

11

Places of Articulation

Oral cavity, Nasal passageway

12

Main Articulators

Movable ex: upper lip, blade of tongue, root of tongue

13

Other Articulators

Jaw, Uvula, Velum, Vocal Cords

14

Point of Articulation

Upper lip, teeth, roof of mouth, alveolar ridge, hard palette, soft palette (velum)

15

Bilabial

Both Lips /p/,/b/,/m/

16

Labiodental

Upper teeth on bottom lip /f/,/v/

17

Dental (interdental)

Tongue between teeth (th sound)

18

Alveolar

(tongue tip on tooth ridge) /t/,/d/,/n/,/L/,/s/,/z/, /r/

19

Palatal

(Tongue blade or body/hard palette) ex: show, beige, chow, Jim, Rake, Yes, You

20

Velar

(Tongue body/Soft palate) /k/, /g/, /ng/

21

Glottal

(air passing through the vocal cords/constricted at the larynx) /h/,/uh-uh/, /coTTon/

22

Manner of Articulation: Stop/Plosives

Lips (Bilabial) /p/,/b/; Tooth Ridge (aveolar) /t/, /d/; Soft Palate (velar) /k/, /g/ Ex: Too, Teak, Tin

23

Manner of Articulation: Fricatives (Partial Obstructions)

Lower lip/upper teeth (labiodental) /f/, /v/; Teeth (interdental), Tooth ridge (alveolar), Hard palate (alveopalatal) ex: Shoe, Shin

24

Manner of Articulation (Affricates)

Combination of stop and fricative; hard palate (aveopalatal) ex: Chew, Cheek

25

Manner of Articulation: Nasals

(Through the nose) Bilabial /m/, Tooth Ridge /n/, Soft Palate /ng/

26

Manner of Articulation: Approximants

(Air stream is fluid) /L/, /R/, /w/, /y/