Flashcards in Week 3: Itchy Nose and Rhinorrhea (Bolded/Underlined Terms) Deck (11):
____ are used to relieve runny and itchy nose, watery eyes, and sneezing associated with the common cold and allergic rhinitis.
Because antihistamines have anticholinergic side effects that decrease mucus secretions, they cause which other 4 side effects?
The ____ antihistamines are lipophilic.
The ____ antihistamines are lipophobic.
The first generation antihistamines competitively block histamine (H1) and _____.
The second generation antihistamines competitively block histamine (H1) and _____.
inhibit the release of mast cell mediators (histamine and leukotrienes)
The first generation antihistamines are ____ dosing.
Q 4-6 hrs
The second generation antihistamines are ____ dosing.
The combination products used for itchy nose and rhinorrhea is antihistamine + decongestant.
Antihistamines have __1__ effects and decongestants have __2__ effects.
What are 3 examples of second generation combination products that include an antihistamine + decongestant?
Claritin-D and Alavert D-12 (loratadine + pseudoephedrine)
Zyrtec-D (cetirizine + pseudoephedrine)