Week 3: Itchy Nose and Rhinorrhea (Bolded/Underlined Terms) Flashcards Preview

Self-Care I Midterm > Week 3: Itchy Nose and Rhinorrhea (Bolded/Underlined Terms) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 3: Itchy Nose and Rhinorrhea (Bolded/Underlined Terms) Deck (11):
1

____ are used to relieve runny and itchy nose, watery eyes, and sneezing associated with the common cold and allergic rhinitis.

antihistamines

2

Because antihistamines have anticholinergic side effects that decrease mucus secretions, they cause which other 4 side effects?

dry mouth
blurred vision
urinary retention
constipation

3

The ____ antihistamines are lipophilic.

first generation

4

The ____ antihistamines are lipophobic.

second generation

5

The first generation antihistamines competitively block histamine (H1) and _____.

cholinergic receptors

6

The second generation antihistamines competitively block histamine (H1) and _____.

inhibit the release of mast cell mediators (histamine and leukotrienes)

7

The first generation antihistamines are ____ dosing.

Q 4-6 hrs

8

The second generation antihistamines are ____ dosing.

once daily

9

The combination products used for itchy nose and rhinorrhea is antihistamine + decongestant.

Antihistamines have __1__ effects and decongestants have __2__ effects.

1. sedative
2. stimulant

10

What are 3 examples of second generation combination products that include an antihistamine + decongestant?

Claritin-D and Alavert D-12 (loratadine + pseudoephedrine)

Zyrtec-D (cetirizine + pseudoephedrine)

11

An important counseling point for antihistamines is that is may cause ____.

drowsiness

- diphenhydramine is the most drowsy
- chlorpheniramine is intermediate
- loratadine is the least drowsy