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Flashcards in Week 3 - Psychology Deck (13):

Define Visual Perception.

Visual perception is concerned with extracting meaning (and hence recognition and understanding) from the light falling on our eyes.


What is the 'Law of Proximity'?

The law of proximity refers to the observation that objects appearing close together in space or time tend to be perceived together.


What is thought of regarding 'Similarity'?

Similar figures tend to be grouped together.


What are the four elements of 'Non-Visual Perception'?

Taste, Smell, Touch and Hearing.


What can 'Short-Term Memory' be useful for?

Useful for holding such things as telephone numbers while we are calling them. (Very limited in capacity).


What can 'Long-Term Memory' be useful for?

Useful for storing things such as our names and other biographical information.


What is 'Chunking'

Chunking is the process by which we can organise material into meaningful groups.


What is involved in the 'Recall' process?

Recall is the process whereby individuals actively search their memories to retrieve a particular piece of information.


What is involved in the 'Recognition' Process?

Recognition involves searching our memory and then deciding whether the piece of information matches what we have in our memory stores.


What is meant by 'Selective Attention'?

Focusing on particular tasks or things in the environment.


What is meant by 'Divided Attention'?

Refers to our ability to carry out more than one task at a time.


What are Cognitive Maps?

‘Cognitive maps’ are the mental representations that people are assumed to have of their environment.


What is Navigation concerned with?

Both the location of things and with what those things mean for an individual.