Week 4: Dermatology Flashcards Preview

Ashly Benson: CPD > Week 4: Dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 4: Dermatology Deck (86)
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1

Macule

flat, non palpable color change, variable shape

2

Papule

elevated, palpable

3

Plaque

elevated plateau-like lesion greater than 10 mm; superficial

4

Nodule

firm papule, palpable, extends into dermis or subcutaneous tissue

5

Tumor

large nodule greater than 10 mm

6

Vesicle

fluid-filled blister less than 10 mm (clear fluid)

7

Bullae

vesicles larger than 10 mm

8

Pustule

elevated lesion containing pus

9

Urticaria (wheals or hives)

transient elevated lesion due to localized edema; feels kind of damp/fluidy

10

Scale

accumulation of epithelium; dry, whitish

11

Crust

dried pus, blood or serous exudate on the surface; usually due to broken pustules or vesicles

12

Erosion

loss of epidermis

13

Excoration

linear erosion usually caused by scratching

14

Ulcer

deeper erosions involving the dermis; (bleeding and scaring)

15

Petechiae

small non-blanchable punctuate foci of hemorrhage (vascular rash)

16

Purpura

larger area or hemorrhage, maybe palpable (bruises or ecchymosis: a coalesced petechia patch)

17

Atrophy

paper thin wrinkled and dry-appearing skin

18

Scar

fibrous tissue replacement after injury

19

Telangiectasia

dilated superficial blood vessels

20

What are the 6 categories used to describe and chart a lesion?

Secondary morphology/configuration (shape of single lesion or cluster of lesions)
Texture
Location and distribution
Color
Other Clinical Signs
Diagnostic Tests

21

Annular

rings with central clearing

22

Nummular

circular

23

Target

rings with central duskiness

24

Serpiginous

fungal and parasitic infections

25

Reticulated

lacy pattern

26

Verrucous

irregular surface

27

Lichenification

epidermal thickening with accentuation of skin lines due to chronic irritation

28

Induration

dermal thickening; skin feels hard and rough

29

Umbilicated

with a central indentation

30

Red (Erythema), indicates......

increased blood flow to the skin