Week 6 - Cardiac Flashcards Preview

Acute Care 2 > Week 6 - Cardiac > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 6 - Cardiac Deck (14):
1

Congenital Heart Disease

Cyanotic heart disease - decreased pulmonary flow
Acyanotic heart disease

2

Ventricular septal defect

Most common congenital heart disease

3

VSD symptoms in age 2-12

Diaphoresis, poor feeding, failure to thrive
SOB, recurrent chest infection
exercise intolerance
Tachypnoea
tachycardia
murmur


4

Treatment of VSD

Anticongestive therapy
- diuretics
- digoxin

Surgical Closure
3-12

5

ASD

L-R shunt towards circulation in atria

6

ASD (atrial septal defect) clinical assessment

SOB
fatigue
split heart sounds
murmur

Diagnostics
CXR - chest x-ray - pulmonary enlargement and cardiomegaly (enlargement of the heart)
ECG
Echo - RA & RV enlargement

7

Patent Ductus Arteriosis

L-R Shunt
- Asymptomatic

Diaphoresis
poor feeding

Treatment
aggressive ventilation (pulmonary oedema)

PDA closure
cardiac catheter occlusion

8

Coarctation of the aorta

Narrowing in the aortic arch - which will increase resistance and decrease the flow pass the obstruction

Treatment

Surgery

9

Tertraology of Fallot

large ventricular defect
pulmonary stenosis
overriding aorta
RV hypertrophy

Treatment
Surgery
patch vsd
dilate RV outflow tract

10

Transposition of Great Arteries

Aorta and pulmonary artery connected to incorrect ventricles
Most common indication of cyanosis at birth

Treatment
Surgery - artery switch

11

Coronary Heart Disease in Adults

*Gradual build up of plaque
*narrowing of the arteries, increasing the workload
*

12

Aortic Valve disease in Adults

Either stenosis or regurgitation or both!

13

MAZE procedure

for chronic atrial fibrillation
non-responsive to medical therapy

14

Heart Surgery

For heart failure: cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle)