Flashcards in What is Music? Deck (36):
What is music?
Music is organized sounds a silences.
What acts as the canvas of music?
Time. Time is the canvas of music.
pitch, dynamic, tone color, and duration.
Rhythm and meter
organizations of pulses and duration.
Relative highness and lowness of sound, determined by the frequency of the vibrations. Octaves divide into 12 distinct pitches.
All Italian words represented by different symbols.
Tone, color, and timbre.
Characteristics and qualities of a sound, determined by what is vibrating.
Name some string instruments.
Violin, viola, cello, guitar, bass, mandolin, banjo, and harp.
Name some woodwind instruments.
Flute, piccolo, oboe, english horn, clarinet.
Name some brass instruments.
Trumpet, trombone, tuba, and baritone.
Name some percussion instruments.
Bass drum, snare drum, tympani, cymbals, chimes and marimba.
Notes are used to indicate durations of tones or pitches.
Patterns created by the organization of durations and accents. Occurs between pulses.
Regularly recurring units of time. They affect the flow and the feel of the music.
Organizes beats into groups called measures. Measures most commonly group 2, 3, and 4 beats.
The rate of speed. Indicated with various tempo markings.
A succession of sounds with rhythmic and tonal organization.
What perceptions can we make about melody?
It can be perceived as the linear/horizontal dimensions of music.
What smaller units make up melodies?
They are often comprised of smaller, repetitive ideas, called motives.
Describe conjunct melody.
Melody that flows very smoothly with notes that are close together.
Describe disjunct melody.
Melody that contains leaps, and is out of order and angular.
Two or more notes sounding simultaneously..
What moves music forward?
Distance between two sounds (pitches).
3 or more pitches sounding simultaneously.
Together, what do chords and intervals create?
They create tension and stability. The flow from tension to stability creates a perception of forward motion through time.
tension in an interval or chord.
Stability in an interval or chord.
Harmonic motion drives towards important resting points -- musical punctuation.
An overall sense of stability with the perception that on pitch is "home," the resting place, or the tonal center.
Tonal "home." Come in major and minor keys
The number of lines of musical activity.
When you have one line of music.
two or more melodic lines of equal interest.
a melody and an accompaniment.