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Flashcards in What is Music? Deck (36):
1

What is music?

Music is organized sounds a silences.

2

What acts as the canvas of music?

Time. Time is the canvas of music.

3

Sound

pitch, dynamic, tone color, and duration.

4

Rhythm and meter

organizations of pulses and duration.

5

Describe pitch.

Relative highness and lowness of sound, determined by the frequency of the vibrations. Octaves divide into 12 distinct pitches.

6

Dynamics

All Italian words represented by different symbols.

7

Tone, color, and timbre.

Characteristics and qualities of a sound, determined by what is vibrating.

8

Name some string instruments.

Violin, viola, cello, guitar, bass, mandolin, banjo, and harp.

9

Name some woodwind instruments.

Flute, piccolo, oboe, english horn, clarinet.

10

Name some brass instruments.

Trumpet, trombone, tuba, and baritone.

11

Name some percussion instruments.

Bass drum, snare drum, tympani, cymbals, chimes and marimba.

12

Duration

Notes are used to indicate durations of tones or pitches.

13

Rhythm

Patterns created by the organization of durations and accents. Occurs between pulses.

14

Beats

Regularly recurring units of time. They affect the flow and the feel of the music.

15

Meter

Organizes beats into groups called measures. Measures most commonly group 2, 3, and 4 beats.

16

Tempo

The rate of speed. Indicated with various tempo markings.

17

Melody

A succession of sounds with rhythmic and tonal organization.

18

What perceptions can we make about melody?

It can be perceived as the linear/horizontal dimensions of music.

19

What smaller units make up melodies?

They are often comprised of smaller, repetitive ideas, called motives.

20

Describe conjunct melody.

Melody that flows very smoothly with notes that are close together.

21

Describe disjunct melody.

Melody that contains leaps, and is out of order and angular.

22

Harmony

Two or more notes sounding simultaneously..

23

What moves music forward?

Harmonic progression.

24

Interval

Distance between two sounds (pitches).

25

Chord

3 or more pitches sounding simultaneously.

26

Together, what do chords and intervals create?

They create tension and stability. The flow from tension to stability creates a perception of forward motion through time.

27

Dissonance

tension in an interval or chord.

28

Consonance

Stability in an interval or chord.

29

Cadences

Harmonic motion drives towards important resting points -- musical punctuation.

30

Tonality

An overall sense of stability with the perception that on pitch is "home," the resting place, or the tonal center.

31

Key

Tonal "home." Come in major and minor keys

32

Texture

The number of lines of musical activity.

33

Monophony

When you have one line of music.

34

Polyphony

two or more melodic lines of equal interest.

35

Homophony

a melody and an accompaniment.

36

Form

Container that holds all different musical materials.