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Flashcards in wine practice Deck (50)
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1

1. Slight variations within a single grape variety are called what? One _______ of Chardonnay might be more suited to a cooler climate than a warm climate.
a. Hybrid x
b. Clone (mutation)
c. Varietal
d. biotype

b. Clone (mutation)

2

2. The most common way of coping with phylloxera is to what?
a. spur train
b. water more often
c. plant in sand
d. graft onto American root stock

d. graft onto American root stock

3

3. What happens during veraison?
a. grapes soften and change color
b. it’s time to harvest
c. buds start to burst
d. time to prune

grapes soften and change color

4

4. Vitis is…
a. American vines
b. European vines
c. Local vines
d. Umbrella of vines that include vinifera varieties as well as several native North American species

Umbrella of vines that include vinifera varieties as well as several native North American species

5

5. Characteristics of Loire Valley or New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc
a. Overripe fruit and low acidity
b. Obvious wood aging
c. Neutral aromas and flavors
d. Barely ripe green fruit and high acidity

Barely ripe green fruit and high acidity

6

6. What color is Zinfandel?
a. White
b. red
c. pink
d. orange

red

7

7. Why is Sulfur Dioxide is frowned upon by the general public?
a. It is thought to cause headaches x
b. It’s a preservative
c. It makes wines taste and smell ‘off’
d. Misconceptions due to lack of industry knowledge
e. Answers a and d

Misconceptions due to lack of industry knowledge

8

8. Why would you gently press grapes?
a. because grapes are delicate
b. to reduce the possibility of bitter phenolic compounds
c. you may by law only be able to use a portion of the pressing
d. answers b and c

to reduce the possibility of bitter phenolic compounds

9

9. How does malolactic fermentation help a wine?
a. creates a more shelf stable wine
b. softens harsh acid
c. it’s easier to blend wine
d. no need to filter

softens harsh acid

10

10. What is ice wine?
a. wines, made with Botrytis affected grapes
b. fortified, sweet dessert wine
c. aromatized wine
d. wine made by extracting juice from berries frozen on the vine

wine made by extracting juice from berries frozen on the vine

11

11. Autolysis refers to what?
a. the amount of sugar accumulated in the grape
b. the process of yeast cells that are slowly destroyed by their own enzymes
c. the transportation of fresh grape must
d. carbonic maceration

the process of yeast cells that are slowly destroyed by their own enzymes

12

12. Why would you chaptalize a wine?
a. to make a wine sweeter
b. to concentrate the must
c. to bring a wine into balance
d. to increase the final alcohol level

to increase the final alcohol level

13

13. Carbonic maceration generally produces wines that are
a. lighter in color, lower in tannins
b. sparkling
c. fortified
d. higher in tannins and color

lighter in color, lower in tannins

14

14. How does a taster sense high tannins in a wine?
a. the taster’s mouth with feel hot
b. the taster’s mouth will sense sweetness
c. the taster’s mouth will salivate
d. the taster’s mouth will feel stringent, dry or puckery

the taster’s mouth will feel stringent, dry or puckery

15

15. If a wine smells of rotten eggs, what does that indicate?
a. a fault where dead yeast interacts with excess sulfur dioxide in the wine
b. the winemaker didn’t stir the lees
c. the wine didn’t finish fermentation
d. It was a very bad vintage

a fault where dead yeast interacts with excess sulfur dioxide in the wine

16

16. Name red grape varieties that Long Island, New York has good success with…
a. Pinot Noir and Syrah
b. Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot
c. Concord and Pinot Noir
d. Zinfandel and Syrah

Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot

17

17. Which label is legally impossible?
a. William’s Red, Willamette Valley, Oregon NV
b. Burgundy, Columbia Valley, Washington state NV
c. Barrel Fermented Chardonnay, North Fork-Long Island, New York, 2009
d. Merlot, Hells Canyon, Snake River Valley, Idaho 2008

Burgundy, Columbia Valley, Washington state NV

18

18. Name the main varietal planted in Uruguay
a. Bobal
b. Tannat
c. Cabernet Franc
d. Carignan

Tannat

19

19. What do you call the technique used to cultivate a new vine (rootstock) by bending a mature vine branch and allowing it to root in the soil?
a. Rauli
b. Planton
c. Mugron
d. Chilinez

Mugron

20

20. What is the most important red grape of Mendoza?
a. Cabernet Sauvignon
b. Bonarda
c. Shiraz
d. Malbec

Malbec

21

21. What is a synonym for Malbec?
a. Cot
b. Pressac
c. Cahors
d. answers a and b

Cahors and Cot

22

22. What area is sometimes known as the Bordeaux of Australia?
a. Adelaide hills
b. Coonawarra
c. Eden Valley
d. Clare Valley

Coonawarra

23

23. True or False, The Wines of Origin System is considered to be the strictest in the World in terms of quality
a. True
b. False

True

24

24. Muscadet comes from where?
a. Chinon
b. Bordeaux
c. Burgundy
d. Loire Valley

Loire Valley

25

25. The 4 grape varietals that may be named Grand Cru in Alsace are…
a. Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Muscat
b. Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Muscat
c. Sylvaner, Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Muscat
d. Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay, Muscat

Pinot Gris, Gewurztraminer, Riesling, Muscat

26

26. A grower Champagne will have the initials…
a. RM
b. NM
c. OM
d. GC

RM

27

27. A non-vintage Champagne must be aged in bottle how long?
a. 18 months
b. 36 months
c. 9 months
d. 15 months

15 months

28

28. If I produce wines on the right bank of the Gironde estuary, what will I likely plant?
a. Cabernet Franc
b. Cabernet Sauvignon
c. Merlot
d. all of the above

Merlot

29

29. What is the smallest AOC/AOP in France?
a. Vosne Romanée
b. La Romanée
c. Chateau Grillet
d. Volnay

La Romanée

30

30. Chassagne-Montrachet and Puligny-Montrachet are known for producing high quality wines from which grape?
a. Burgundy
b. Pinot Noir
c. Gamay
d. Chardonnay

Chardonnay