Word Production Models Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Word Production Models Deck (45):
1

A normal adult speaker…..can recognize and produce about

3 words per second without any difficulty

2

rapid rate of formulation

15 speech sounds/second

3

The rapid rate of formulation is a ____ process (automatic or not automatic)

automatic, unconscious

4

What are the 2 Word Production Models?

discrete stage model vs Interactive Activation Model

5

Steps 2 Discrete Stage Model

1. Select a word's semantic relationship
2. Select the word form
3. Select the Phonemes of the word form

6

Steps for the IA model

1. Word Selection
2. Phonological encoding

7

word production begins at the ____ level

conception

8

A concept is stimulated by?

Intention of the speaker or some sensory input (e.g., picture of a cat)

9

A concept is ____ linguistic or non linguisitc

non linguistic

10

A concept is a _____ representation

knowledge-based representations (semantic features)

11

After conceptual level, what happens next?

Retrieval of the lexical word associated with the picture name

12

Naming is at least a ____ stage process

2

13

Describe the semantic stage (stage 1)

Initial stage involves access, activation, & selection of semantic representations (features, concepts) associated with a picture name

14

describe the phonological stage

subsequent stage involves access, activitation, & selection of phonological properties associated with the picture name

15

in this model, this process operates in a strictly hierarchical and sequential manner

discrete model

16

in this model, naming processes operate in a cascaded manner

Interactive Activation Model

17

T/F Multiple conceptual representations are achieved in both the discrete and IA models?

true

18

in this model, the one conceptual representation that is most highly activated will then activate the phonological properties associated with that representation at the next stage.

Discrete Model

19

in this model, Other candidates, along with the targeted representation, activate the phonological properties associated with their representations at the next stage

IA model

20

in this model, multiple candidates are being activated (rather than one)

IA model

21

In this model, activated representations can feedforward and feedback to previous processing levels to re-activate representations

IA model

22

In this model, each stage is independent of each other

Discrete two stage model

23

picture-word interference ______

Paradigms

24

Give 3 examples of normal speech errors

Spoonerisms,
Freudian slips,
TOT states

25

slips that are thought to reflect repressed thoughts

Freudian Slips

26

The father of cycle analysis

Sigmind Freud

27

He was famous for his many speech errors

Dr. Spooner

28

Sounds or words are swapped

spoonerisms

29

“Give me a minute, it’s just on the tip of my tongue….I feel like I can tell you in a second.”

Tip of Tongue (TOT)

30

2 of the most common aphasia errors

1. semantic paraphasias (peach-orange, eagle- bird)
22. Phonological paraphasias (matches-patches)

31

peach-orange

semantic paraphasias

32

eagle- bird

semantic paraphasias

33

matches- patches

phonological paraphasias

34

screw - /skrer/

phonological paraphasias

35

errors ____(do or do not)___ violate phonotactic rules of that individual’s language

errors do not violate phonotactic rules of that individual’s language

36

T/F errors involve linguistic units of different types

FALSE- errors involve linguistic units of the same type

37

T/F consonants exchange with or replace other consonants, not vowels (and vice versa)

True

38

T/F consonants exchange with or replace other vowels, not consonants (and vice versa)

False- consonants exchange with or replace other consonants, not vowels (and vice versa)

39

T/F content words (N, V) do not exchange with or replace function words (determiners, prepositions)

True

40

can content words replace function words in errors?

no

41

In phoneme movement errors, errors tend to involve ____ position more than any other position of the word

initial

42

T/F in phoneme movement errors, position of the phonemes within a word or syllable involved in the movement error are nearly always the same

true

43

T/F phoneme exchanges are more common when each phoneme has a different phoneme next to it

False- phoneme exchanges are more common when each phoneme has a similar phoneme next to it

44

Lexical bias effect

errors tend to be a real word than a nonword

45

only legal sound combinations will be produced

true