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Flashcards in Words 1 Deck (142):
1

Heterodox

Not in accordance with established or accepted doctrines or opinions, especially in theology; unorthodox
Holding unorthodox doctrines or opinions

2

Acrimony

Bitterness or ill feeling
'A quagmire of lawsuits, ~, and finger-pointing"

3

Addle

Make unable to think clearly; confuse; muddle; muzzy, fuddled
'Being in love must have ~ your brain"

4

Admonish

Warn or reprimand someone firmly; advise or urge earnestly; warn of something to be avoided.
"She ~ me for appearing at breakfast unshaven"

5

Alacrity

Brisk and cheerful readiness; eagerness, willingness, readiness
"She accepted the invitation with alacrity"

6

Ambivalent

Having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone; equivocal; uncertain; unsure, doubtful, indecisive.
"Some loved her, some hated her, few were ~ about her"

7

Ameliorate

Make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better; improve, make better, enhance
"The reform did much to ameliorate living standards"

8

Anathema

Something or someone that one vehemently dislikes
"racial hatred was anathema to her"

9

Aplomb

Self-confidence or assurance, especially when in a demanding situation; poise, self-assurance, self confidence
"Diana passed the test with ~"

10

Putative

Commonly regarded as such; reputed; supposed
'The putative boss of the mob'

11

Effrontery

Shameless or impudent boldness; barefaced audacity
"She had the effrontery to ask for two free samples."

12

Ascetic

Characterized by or suggesting the practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons
"An ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labor"

13

Austere

Severe or strict in manner, attitude or appearance; severe, stern, strict, harsh, steely, flinty, dour
"An austere man"
Having no comforts or luxuries; harsh or ascetic

14

Avarice

Extreme greed for wealth or material gain

15

Mercurial

Subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind.
"His mercurial tempermant"

Caprecious, volatile

16

Empyrean

Belonging to or deriving from heaven
Heavenly, celestial, ethereal,
The empyrean regions

17

Voluptuary

N; A person devoted to luxury and sensual pleasure
Adj: concerned with luxury and sensual please
"A voluptuary decade when high living was in style"

18

Credulity

A tendency to be too ready to believe that something is real or true

19

Incredulous

Of a person or their manner
Unwilling or unable to believe something
Disbelieving, skeptical

20

Occult

Supernatural, mystical or magical beliefs, practices or phenomena
Of or relating to supernatural, mystical or magical powers or phenomena
"A secret society to study alchemy and the occult"

21

Obloquy

Strong public criticism or verbal abuse
"He endured years of contempt and obloquy"
Vilification, denunciation

22

Vagabond

A person who wonders from place to place without a home or job

23

Gentry

People of good social position, specifically (in the UK) the class of people next below the nobility in position and birth
(Upper classes, elite)

24

Mellifluous

(Of a voice or words) sweet or musical; pleasant to hear
Sweet-sounding, dulcet

25

Cupidity

Greed for money or possessions
Avarice, avariciousness, rapacity

26

Inveigh

Speak or write about (something) with great hostility
"Nationalists inveighed against those who worked with the British"

27

Encomium

A speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly

28

Verity

A true principle or belief, especially one of fundamental importance; truth
"Irrefutable, objective verity"

29

Pyrrhic

(Of a victory) won at too great a cost to have been worthwhile for the victor

30

Altruism

The belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others
"Some may choose to work with vulnerable elderly people out of altruism"

31

Supercilious

Behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others; arrogant, haughty,
"A supercilious lady's maid"

32

Ardent

Enthusiastic or passionate; passionate
"An ardent baseball fan"

33

Insouciance

Casual lack of concern; indifference; nonchalance, unconcern, indifference
"An impression of boyish insouciance"

34

Imperious

Assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering
"His imperious demands"
Peremptory, commanding, imperial, overbearing,

35

Calumny

The making of false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation; slander; defamation;
A false and slanderous statement

36

Corpulent

(Of a person) fat

37

Piquant

Having a pleasantly sharp taste or appetizing flavor;
Pleasantly stimulating or exciting to the mind; intriguing, stimulating,

38

Chicanery

The use of trickery to achieve a political, financial or legal purpose
"An underhanded person who schemes corruption and political chicanery behind closed doors"
Trickery, deception, deceit, duplicity

39

Gallivant

Go around from one place to another in the pursuit of pleasure or entertainment
"She quit her job to go gallivanting around the globe"

40

Exult

Show or feel elation or jubilation, especially as the result of a success
"Exulting in her escape, Annie closed the door behind her"

41

Propitiate

Win or regain the favor of (a god or person) by doing something that pleases them
"The pagans thought it was important to propitiate the gods with sacrifices"

42

Vitriolic

Filled with bitter criticism or malice
"Vitriolic attacks on the politicians"
Acrimonious, rancorous, bitter

43

Prosaic

Having the style or diction or prose; lacking poetic beauty
"Prosaic language can't convey the experience"
Commonplace; unromantic
"The masses were too preoccupied by prosaic day-to-day concerns"

44

Cabal

A secret political clique or faction
"A cabal of dissidents"

45

Conviviality

The quality of being friendly and lively; friendliness
"The conviviality of the evening"

46

Mellifluous

(Of a voice or words) sweet or musical; pleasant to hear. "Sweet sounding"
"The voice was mellifluous and smooth"

47

Cupidity

Greed for money or possessions
= Avarice, Rapacity, covetousness

48

Sardonic

Grimly mocking or cynical
"Starkey attempted a sardonic smile"
Satirical, ironic, sarcastic

49

Imperious

Assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering
Peremptory, high-handed, commanding, imperial

50

Calumny

The making of false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation; slander
A false and slanderous statement

51

Pecuniary

relating to or consistin gof money "he admitted obtaining a pecuniary advantage by deception"

52

Cogent

Clear, logical and convincing (of an argument or case); convincing; compelling; strong

53

Loquacious

tending to talk a great deal; talkative; garrulous; voluble

54

Doff

To raise (one's hat) as a greeting or toke of respect; remove an item of clothing (the manager doffed his hat to her)

55

Sangfroid

composure or coolness, sometimes excessive, as shown in danger or under trying circumstances; composure, equanimity, self-possession, aplomb, poise

56

Askance

with an attitude or look of suspicion or disapproval; "the reformers looked askance at the mystical tradition; suspiciously, skeptically, cynically

57

Apostasy

The abandonment or renunciation of a religious or political belief

58

Effervescent

(of a liquid) giving off bubbles; fizzy (2) vivacious and enthusiastic

59

Trenchant

Vigorous or incisive in expression or style. "she heard angry voices, not loud, yet certainly trenchant." ; incisive, penetrating, sharp

60

Retinue

a group of advisers, assistants, or others accompanying an important person. Entourage, escort, company court,

61

Disinter

dig up (something that has been buried, especially a corpse); exhume, "the defense attorney requested that the body be disinterred for further examination; (2) discover (something that is well hidden)

62

Malodorous

smelling very unpleasant

63

Choleric

bad-tempered or irritable

64

Bibulous

Excessively fond of drinking alcohol

65

Bleat

(of a sheep, goat, or calf) make a characteristic wavering cry

66

Calve

To give birth to a calf; or (of an iceberg or glacier) split and shet

67

Choleric

Bad-tempered or irritable

68

Churlish

rude in a mean-spirited and surly way (it seems churlish to complain

69

Compunction

a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that prevents or follows the doing of something bad. "spend the money without compunction"

70

Contrite

Feeling or expression remorse or penitence; affected by guilt; "a broken and a contrite heart" ; remorseful, repentant, penitent

71

Demiurge

a being responsible for the creation of the universe, in particular

72

Derision

Contemptuous ridicule or mockery "my stories were greeted with derision and disbelief" mockery, ridicule, jeers,

73

Didactic

Intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive "a didactic novel that set out to expose social injustice"

74

Diffident

Modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence "a diffident youth" ; shy, bashful, modest, self-effacing, unassuming, meek

75

Disparate

essentially different in kind; not allowing comparison. "They inhabit disparate worlds of thought" ; contrasting, different, differing, dissimilar, unalike

76

Ebullient

Cheerful and full of energy "she sounded ebullient and happy"; exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry

77

Errant

Erring or straying from the proper course or standards. "he could never forgive his daughter's errant ways" ;
Guilty, culpable, misbehaving, delinquent

78

Excoriate

Censure or criticize severely; damage or remove part of the surface of (the skin)

79

Exculpate

show or declare that (someone is not guilty of wrongdoing; "the article exculpated the mayor

80

Fatuous

Silly and pointless; "A fatuous comment" ; silly, foolish, stupid, inane, idiotic

81

Fugacious

tending to disappear; fleeting; "She was acutely conscious of her fugacious youth"

82

Fulminant

(of a disease or symptom) severe and sudden in onset

83

Genuflect

Lower one's body briefly by bending one knee to the ground, typically in worship or as a sign of respect. "She genuflected" ; Show deference or servility "politicians had to genuflect to the far left to advance their careers"

84

Geriatric

Relating to old people, especially with regard to their health care. "a geriatric hospital" ; an old person, especially one receiving special care "a rest home for geriatrics"

85

Gourmand

A person who enjoys eating and often eats too much; glutton; gobbler; gorger

86

Grouse

complain pettily; grumble; "she heard him grousing about his assistant" ; grumble, complain, protest

87

Gumption

Shrewd or spirited initiative and resourcefulness. "she had the gumption to put her food down and head Dan off from those crazy schemes"; initiative, resourcefulness, enterprise, ingenuity, imagination

88

Imbibe

drink (alcohol); absorb or assimilate (ideas or knowledge) -- assimilate, absorb, soak up, take in

89

Inchoate

Just begun and so not fully formed or developed; rudimentary
"A still inchoate democracy"
Rudimentary, undeveloped

90

Incongruous

not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something
"The duffel coat looked incongruous with the black dress she wore underneath."
Out of place, out of keeping, inappropriate

91

Ineffable

too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words
"The ineffable natural beauty of the Everglades"
Indescribable, inexpressible
Not to be uttered

92

Insipid

Lacking flavor
"mugs of insipid coffee"
Lacking vigor or interest
"many artists continued to churn out insipid, shallow works"

93

Invective

n. Insulting, abusive, or highly critical language
"he let out a stream of invective"
Abuse, insults, swearing, curses, foul language,

94

Inveterate

Having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change.
"he was an inveterate gambler"
Ingrained, deep-seated, deep-rooted
(of a feeling or habit) long-established and unlikely to change. confirmed, hardened, incorrigible, addicted, habitual

95

Irascible

having or showing a tendency to be easily angered;
"an irascible man"
Irritable, quick-tempered, short-tempered

96

Laconic

(of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words. "his Laconic reply suggested a lack of interest in the topic."
Brief, conscise, terse

97

Lechery

excessive or offensive sexual desire; lustfulness

98

Levity

humor or frivolity, especially the treatment of a serious matter with humor or in a manner lacking due respect
"as an attempt to introduce a note of levity, the words were a disastrous flop"

99

Maladroit

Ineffective or bungling; clumsy.
Bungling, awkward, inept, clumsy, bumbling

100

Malaise

A general feeling of discomfort, illness, or uneasiness whose exact cause is difficult to identify.
"A society afflicted by a deep cultural malaise"
Unhappiness, uneasiness, discomfort

101

Mendacious

Not telling the truth; lying
"mendacious propaganda"

102

Missive

A letter, especially a long or official one
"He hastily banged out electronic ~s"

103

Moxie

Force of character, determination, or nerve
"When you've got ~, you need the clothes to match"

104

Occident

The countries of the West, especially Europe and the Americas (contrasted with orient)

105

Parable

A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by Jesus in the Gospels
"The parable of the prodigal son"

106

Prodigal

1. Spending money or resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant;
2. Having or giving something on a lavish scale
"The dessert was crunchy with brown sugar and prodigal with whipped cream"

107

Peccadillo

A small, relatively unimportant offense or sin
"I'm sure we can overlook a few peccadilloes"

108

Pellucid

Translucently clear
"Mountains reflected in the pellucid waters"
Translucent, transparent, clear
Lucid in style or meaning; easily understood

109

Perfidy

Deceitfulness; untrustworthy,
"the perfidy of her husband"

110

Perfunctory

(Of an action or gesture) carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection

111

Peripatetic

Traveling from place to place, especially working or based in various places for relatively short periods

112

Perspicacious

Having a ready insight into and understanding things
"It offered quite a few facts to the perspicacious reporter"
Discerning, shrewd, perceptive

113

Petulant

(of a person or their manner) childishly sulky or bad-tempered
"He was moody and petulant"

114

Polemic

- A strong verbal or written attack on someone or something
"His polemic against the cultural relativism of the sixties"
Diatribe, invective, rant,
- The art or practice of engaging in controversial debate or dispute

115

Portent

A sign or warning that something, especially something momentous or calamitous, is likely to happen
"they believed that wild birds in the house were portents of death"
Omen, sign, signal, token

116

Preponderant

Predominant in influence, number, or importance
"The Preponderant influence of the US within the alliance"

117

Priapic

Relating to or resembling a phallus
"priapic carvings"
Relating to male sexuality and sexual activity (~ cartoons)

118

probative

having the quality or function of proving or demonstrating something; affording proof or evidence
"it places the probative burden on the defendant"

119

Propitious

Giving or indicating a good chance of success; favorable
"The timing for such a meeting seemed propitious"
Favorable, auspicious

120

Puissant

Having great power or influence

121

Pulchritude

Beauty

122

Quiescent

In a state or period of inactivity or dormancy
"Strikes where headed by groups of works who had previously been quiescent"
Inactive, inert, idle, dormant

123

Rapine

The violent seizure of someone's property

124

Recuse

Challenge (a judge, prosecutor, or juror) as unqualified to perform legal duties because of a possible conflict of interest or lack of impartiality
"A motion to recuse the prosecutor"
"The Justice Department demanded that he recuse himself from the case"

125

Remonstrate

Make a forcefully reproachful protest
"He turned angrily to remonstrate with Tommy"
Protest, complain,

126

Renunciation

The formal rejection of something, typically a belief, claim, or course of action
"entry into the priesthood requires renunciation of marriage"
abstention from, refraining from, going without

127

Replete

Filled or well-supplied with something.
Very full of or sated by food
"Sensational popular fiction, replete with adultery and sudden death"
"I went out into the sun-drenched streets again, replete and relaxed"
Filled, well-stocked,

128

Resplendent

Attractive and impressive through being richly colorful or sumptuous
"She was resplendent in a sea-green dress"
Splendid, magnificent, brilliant, dazzling

129

Riposte

A quick clever reply to an insult or criticism
"an indignant riposte"
Retort, counter, rejoinder
A quick return thrust following a parry

130

Rotund

(of a person) plump
(of speech or literary style) indulging in grandiloquent (i.e. pompous or extravagant in language, style, or manner, especially in a way that is intended to impression) expression

131

Sacrosanct

(especially of a principle, place, or routine) regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with
"the individual's right to work has been upheld as sacrosanct."

132

Salubrious

health-giving; healthy
Salubrious weather
(of a place) pleasant; not run-down

133

Sartorial

Relating to tailoring, clothes, or style of dress
"sartorial elegance"

134

Sclerotic

of or having sclerosis
Becoming rigit and unresponsive; losing the ability to adapt

135

Senescence

The condition or process of deterioration with age; loss of a cell's power of division and growth

136

Sepulcher

A small room or monument, cut in rock or built of stone, in which a dead person is laid or buried
"an old family sepulcher on the grounds of the estate"

137

Shambolic

chaotic, disorganized, or mismanaged.
"The department's shambolic accounting"

138

Shibboleth

A custom, principle, or belief distinguishing a particular class or group of people, especially a long-standing one regarded as outmoded or no longer important
"The party began to break with the shibboleths of the left"

139

Snifter

a footed glass that is wide at the bottom and tapers to the top, used for brandy and other drinks

140

Somnolent

Sleepy, drowsy
Causing or suggestive of drowsiness
"a somnolent summer day"

141

Succor

(n) assistance and support in times of hardship and distress
(v) give assistance or aid to
"prisoners of war were liberated and succored"

142

Synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in "Cleveland won by six runs" (meaning 'Cleveland's baseball team')