Words To Know Flashcards Preview

Medical Scribe > Words To Know > Flashcards

Flashcards in Words To Know Deck (541):
0

Abduction

Draws away from midline

1

Adduction

Draws toward the midline

2

Anterior

Nearer to front of the body

3

Bilateral

Affecting both sides

4

Caudal

Situated near the tail of the body

5

Deep

Farther from the surface

6

Distal

Farther from the limb root

7

Dorsal

Back side of the body

8

Dorsiflexion

Upward flexion of the foot

9

Everted

Turned outward

10

Extension

Straightening out

11

External

Outside

12

Flexion

Bending forward

13

Inferior

Farther away from the head

14

Internal

Inside

15

Inverted

Turned inward

16

Lateral

Farther from the midline

17

Medial

Nearer to the midline

18

Palmar or Volar

Palm side of hand or body

19

Plantar

Sole side of foot

20

Plantarflexion

Downward flexion of the foot

21

Posterior

Nearer to the back of the body

22

Prone

Describes a patient laying on his/her front

23

Proximal

Closer to trunk of the body

24

Rostral

Situated nearer the front end of the body

25

Superficial

Nearer to the surface

26

Superior

Closer to the head

27

Supine

Describes a patient laying on his/her back

28

Unilateral

Affecting one side of the body

29

Ventral

Front side of the body

30

Adnexa

Ovaries and Fallopian tubes

31

Afebrile

Without fever

32

Ambulatory

Able to move about, not confined to a bed

33

Aneurysm

Any abnormal widening if a blood vessel due to pressure

34

Anasarca

Total body swelling

35

Angina

Severe chest pain due to ischemia

36

Artery

Blood vessel carrying blood away from heart

37

Arthralgia

Pain in the joint

38

Articulation

Connection between bones

39

Atelectasis

Partial collapse of the small airways in the lungs

40

Axilla

Underarm

41

Bowel gas pattern

Describes appearance of the intestines on X-ray

42

Cachetic

Frail appearing due to loss of weight and muscle

43

Cardiomegaly

Enlargement of the heart

44

Cervical

Pertaining to the neck or to the cervix of the uterus

45

Crepitus

A crackling or grating sound, usually of bones

46

Debridement

Removal of foreign matter or dead tissue from a wound

47

Differential diagnosis

A diagnosis of symptoms of two or more diseases by comparison p

48

Dislocation

When a joint is out of place

49

Dysmenorrhea

Painful menstruation

50

Dyspareunia

Painful intercourse

51

Dyspepsia

Indigestion

52

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing

53

Dysuria

Painful urination

54

Edema

Swelling of body tissues due to an excessive accumulation of fluid

55

Effusion

Escape of fluid into a cavity

56

Emaciate

To become extremely thin or lean; wasting

57

Embolism

Obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot of blood or foreign substance

58

Emesis

Vomiting

59

Epistaxis

Nosebleed

60

Fascia

Fibrous membrane of connective tissue supporting and separating muscles and body organs

61

Febrile

Pertaining to a fever

62

Fracture (fx)

A break in a bone

63

Fundus

The large, upper end of the uterus; also the bottom aperture of the internal surface of a hollow organ

64

Guaiac

Refers to stool guaiac test which tests for occult blood

65

Hematuria

Blood in the urine

66

Hemangioma

Tumor consisting of blood vessels

67

Hematemesis

Vomiting of blood

68

Hematochezia

Bright red blood in the stool

69

Hematoma

Swelling of blood which occurs in an organ or tissue

70

Hemoptysis

Coughing up blood; blood stained sputum

71

Hemorrhage

Excessive or profuse bleeding

72

Hemothorax

Blood fluid present in the pleural cavity

73

Hepatosplenomegaly

Enlargement of the lived and spleen

74

Hypotension

Low blood pressure

75

Idiopathic

Arising spontaneously or from an unknown cause

76

Ileus

Air/fluid levels on abdominal x-rays

77

Infarct

Cessation of the blood flow causing tissue death

78

Infiltrate

A substance that has managed to find it's way into the lungs

79

Inguinal

Pertaining to the groin region

80

Ischemia

Temporary and localized lack of blood flow

81

Joint

Articulation or junction between two or more bones or cartilage

82

Ligament

Fibrous tissue, binding bones together

83

Lingual

Pertaining to the tongue

84

Malaise

Generalized discomfort or weakness

85

Mediastinum

Central compartment of thoracic cavity

86

Melena

Black tarry stool

87

Myalgia

Muscular pain

88

Neuralgia

Sharp pain along the course of a nerve

89

Occult

A hidden process; often used to describe fractures and GI bleeding

90

Odynophagia

Painful swallowing

91

Opthalmalgia

Pain in the eye

92

Orthopnea

Shortness of breath when lying flat

93

Os

Orifice; mouth; cervix

94

Palpable

Able to be touched or easily perceived

95

Para

Woman who has given birth to one or more viable offspring; the number of live births a woman has had

96

Parasthesia

Abnormal tactile sensation often described as burning, tingling, or numbness

97

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND)

Sudden, severe shortness of breath at night that awakens a person from sleep

98

Pleural effusion

Excess fluid that accumulates in the fluid filled space surrounding the lungs

99

Pneumothorax

Abnormal presence of air in the pleural space (chest cavity) and outside of the lung, causing the lung to collapse

100

Purulent

Consisting of pus

101

Radiology

Use of imaging to diagnose of treat disease

102

Sepsis

Presence of pathological micro organisms or their toxins in the blood

103

Sputum

Spittle, any mixed matter with saliva that is expectorated through the mouth

104

Stenosis

Narrowing of a body opening or passage

105

Subluxation

A partial dislocation

106

Syncope

Loss of consciousness; faint

107

Tinnitis

Ringing in the ears

108

Torsion

The twisting of a bodily organ on its own axis (usually pertaining to an ovary or testicle)

109

Vein

Vessel carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart

110

Vertigo

A spinning sensation caused by an inner ear problem

111

AAA

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

112

A. Fib

Atrial fibrillation

113

AKA/BKA

Above/Below the knee amputation

114

Angioplasty

Opening up a constricted artery

115

Appendectomy

Surgical removal of the appendix

116

BPH

Benign prostate hypertrophy

117

BTL

Bilateral tubal ligation

118

Ca

Carcinoma/cancer

119

CABG

Open heart surgery involving arterial bypass using transplanted vein (coronary artery bypass graft)

120

CAD

Abnormal narrowing of the blood vessels of the heart, predisposing to heart attacks (coronary artery disease)

121

Cardiac Catherization (angiogram)

Passage of a catheter into the heart through an artery usually done to evaluate coronary artery blood flow

122

CHF

Congestive heart failure

123

CHI

Closed head injury

124

Cholecystectomy

Surgical removal of the gallbladder

125

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder

126

Cholelithiasis

Gallstone formation in the gallbladder

127

Cirrhosis

Inflammation of an organ by degenerative changes, especially the liver

128

Colectomy

Surgical removal of part or all of the large intestine

129

Colostomy

Surgical procedure that provides an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

130

COPD

Lung problem resulting in shortness of breath usually from smoking (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)

131

CVA

Lack of blood flow to a part of the brain due to occlusion of a blood vessel causing Neurologic symptoms (cerebrovascular accident, stroke)

132

D&C

Dilation and curettage

133

DKA

Diabetic ketoacidosis

134

DM (diabetes mellitus)

Disease characterized by abnormally high blood sugar

135

DVT (deep venous thrombosis)

Clot in the deep veins of the leg or arm

136

Diverticulitis

Infection of pouches of the colon (diverticulosis)

137

EDC

Estimated date of confinement (baby's due date)

138

EF

Ejection fraction of cardiac output

139

EGD

Upper endoscopy

140

Endometriosis

Presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside of the uterus

141

GPA

Gravida (pregnancies), para (live births), abortions (spontaneous or induced)

142

GERD

Gastroesophogeal reflux disease; indigestion; heartburn

143

Hernia repair

Surgical correction of a hernia

144

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus

145

Hypertension (htn)

Chronic high blood pressure

146

ICH

Intracranial hemorrhage

147

IVC filter

Inferior vena cava filter

148

Lithotripsy

Procedure to break up stones (from kidney)

149

LMP/LNMP

Last (normal) menstrual period

150

Mastectomy

Surgical excision of the breast

151

MI

Myocardial infarction (heart attack)

152

MRSA

Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus

153

MVA/MVC

Motor vehicle accident/collision

154

NSVD

Normal spontaneous vaginal delivery

155

Oophorectomy

Surgical removal of ovaries

156

ORIF

Open reduction, internal fixation (for Fracture)

157

Pacemaker placement

Placement of device to control heart rhythms

158

PE

Pulmonary embolism (blood clot in lungs)

159

PID

Pelvic inflammatory disease

160

PVD/PAD

Peripheral vascular/arterial disease

161

Pyelonephritis

Kidney infection

162

SAH

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

163

SDH

Subdural hematoma

164

Splenectomy

Surgical removal of the spleen

165

Stent placement

Procedure to open blocked heart vessels

166

SVT

Supraventricular tachycardia

167

TAD

Thoracic aortic dissection

168

Thoracotomy

Surgical opening of the chest cavity

169

TIA (transient ischemic attack)

Minor stroke where neurological function is regained with time

170

Tonsillectomy

Surgical excision of the tonsils

171

Tubal ligation

Surgical sterilization in females

172

TURP (transurethral resection of prostate)

Procedure to remove prostatic tissue preformed using an endoscope passed through the urethra

173

UTI

Urinary tract infection

174

HEENT

Head eyes ears nose throat

175

Auricle

The external ear

176

Cerumen

Earwax

177

Cornea

Transparent coat of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and let's light into the eye

178

Conjunctiva

A thin clear covering of the sclera and eyelids

179

Dentition

The teeth in situ or in the dental arch

180

Edentulous

Without teeth

181

EOMI

Extraocular muscles intact

182

Fluorescein

Substance used in diagnostic examination of the eye to detect corneal lesions, abrasions or foreign bodies

183

Funduscopic

Inside of the eye; seen with the ophthalmoscope

184

Gingiva

Gums

185

Hemotympanum

Blood behind the TM

186

Icterus

A yellowish coloration of he sclera (white part of eye)

187

Lacrimal

Pertaining to tears

188

Malocclusion

Imperfect closure or meeting of opposing teeth

189

Nares

Nostrils

190

Nystagmus

Involuntary rapid eye movements

191

Occiput

Posterior part of the skull

192

Oropharynx/posterior pharynx

Throat

193

PERRL

Pupils equally round and reactive to light

194

Photophobia

Abnormal intolerance to light

195

Rhinorrhea

Thin, watery discharge from the nose

196

Sclera

The white part of the eye

197

Tympanic membrane (TMs)

The eardrums

198

Affect

Describes how the patient appears with respect to their interaction with others (typically described as flat, depressed, normal)

199

Anxious

A description of the patients appearance or behavior

200

Bipolar

Specific diagnosis characterized by mood swings (depressed and mani behavior)

201

Homicidal ideation

Patient verbalizing thoughts of harming others

202

Hypomania

Form of bipolar illness

203

Manic

A description of the patients appearance or behavior

204

Mood

Describes how the patient appears to be acting

205

Organic

In context of psychiatric presentation this refers to the underlying cause being medical, rather than psychiatric

206

Personality disorder

Disorder characterized by difficulties interacting with others

207

Schizophrenia

Specific diagnosis characterized by hallucinations, affect changes, psychomotor changes, and loss of normal social skills

208

Suicidal ideation

Patient verbalizing thoughts of harming oneself

209

Ataxia

A neurological sign and symptom consisting of gross in coordination muscles

210

Aphasia

A loss of the ability to produce (expressive aphasia) and or comprehend (receptive aphasia) language

211

Cranial nerves

12 pairs of nerves innervations the face

212

Babinski's sign

A reflex elicited by plantar stimulation

213

Dyspraxia

Loss of coordination

214

Hemiparesis

Weakness on one half of body

215

Hemiplegia

Paralysis on one half of body

216

Nuchal rigidity

Neck stiffness

217

Pronation drift

Patient places arms out palms up; detects weakness due to Neurologic deficit

218

Romberg's sign

Falling to one side while standing with eyes closed

219

Carotid bruit

Noise from carotid artery narrowing

220

Brudzinski's sign

Sign of meningitis

221

Kernig's sign

Sign of meningitis

222

Lymphadenopathy

Enlarged lymph nodes

223

Meningismus

Stuff neck

224

Thyromegaly

Enlarged thyroid

225

Cervical lymphadenopathy

Enlarged cervical lymphnodes

226

Costovertebral angle tenderness (CVA)

Tenderness posteriorly at the lower rib margins

227

L-spine

Lumbar spine (lower portion of spine)

228

Lumbar

Lower region of back (not necessarily spine)

229

Sacrum

Tailbone

230

Scoliosis

Abnormal curvature of spine

231

Straight leg raise (SLR)

Pain with raising either leg while patient is supine

232

T-spine

Thoracic spine (mid portion of spine)

233

Vertebral point tenderness

Tenderness directly over the spine

234

BS

Bowel sounds, listened for during auscultation of abdomen

235

Epigastric

Upper central abdomen

236

Guarding

Tensing of abdominal wall muscles to guard inflamed organs when pressure is applied by physician

237

Gravid

Being pregnant

238

Hepatomegaly

Enlarged liver

239

Mass

Any firm abnormality seen or palpated on physical exam

240

McBurney's point

RLQ tenderness suspicious for appendicitis

241

Murphy's sign

RUQ tenderness upon inspiration; suspicious for gallstones

242

Obturator sign

Indicator of possible appendicitis if painful; tested by flexing and rotating right hip

243

Peritoneal signs

Rebound and guarding, may indicate the lining of the abdomen is inflamed

244

Psoas sign

Indicator of possible appendicitis if painful; tested by lying on left side and extending right leg behind

245

Rebound

Pain when releasing hand from abdominal palpitation

246

RLQ/LLQ/LUQ/RUQ

Abdominal quadrants

247

Splenomegaly

Enlarged spleen

248

Suprapubic

Mid-lower region of abdomen (between RLQ and LLQ)

249

Umbilicus

Navel; belly button

250

Abrasion

Scrape or scratch

251

Abscess

Collection of pus under the skin

252

Avulsion

A forcible pulling away of a part or structure

253

Blanching

Description of a rash

254

Cellulitis

Infections of the skin characterized by erythema, warmth, tenderness

255

Cyanosis

Blue skin due to lack of oxygen

256

Dermis

True skin, beneath the epidermis

257

Diaphoresis

Excessive or profuse sweating or perspiration

258

Dry

Referring to moisture of skin

259

Ecchymosis

Hemorrhagic discoloration of the skin (bruising)

260

Eczema

Description of a rash

261

Erythema

Redness of skin caused by capillary congestion, usually caused by a skin rash or infection

262

Eschar

Scab

263

Hematoma

Collection of blood under the skin

264

Induration

Hardened tissue usually from infection

265

Jaundice

Yellow discoloration of skin

266

Keloid

Scar formation consisting if dense tissue

267

Lesion

Sore on skin

268

Macular

Description of rash

269

Pallor

Pale skin

270

Papular

Description of rash

271

Petechiae

Tiny red spots on the skin, description of rash

272

Stellate

Star shaped radiating from center often used to describe lacerations

273

Tinea

Superficial fungal infection of skin

274

Turgor

Condition of being distended or swollen; normal fullness

275

Urticaria

Description of rash

276

Vesicular

Description of rash

277

Warm

Referring to temperature of skin

278

Wheal

Description of rash

279

Brachial pulse

Pulse found in upper arm

280

Bradycardia

Slow heart rate

281

Bruit

Abnormal sound heard when auscultating an artery

282

Capillary refill

Rate at which blood refills the capillaries

283

Dorsalis pedis

Pulse found on top of foot

284

Ectopy

Extra beats of the heart

285

Extrasystoles

Extra beats of the heart

286

Femoral pulse

Pulse found in inhumanly area

287

Rub

Abnormal heart or lung sound

288

Gallop

Abnormal heart sound

289

Irregularly irregular rhythm

No consistent pattern to the heart rhythm, usually implying atrial fibrillation

290

JVD

Jugular vein distention

291

Murmur

Abnormal heart sound rated on 1-6 scale, 6 being the loudest. Either systolic or diastolic

292

Normal perfusion

Appropriate blood flow to the extremities

293

Radial pulse

Pulse found in wrist

294

Regular rate and rhythm

Appropriate heart rate and cardiac rhythm

295

PVC

Premature ventricular contraction

296

PAT

Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia

297

PSVT

Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

298

Tachycardia

Fast heart rate

299

Accessory muscle use

Struggling for breath using extra muscles

300

Apnea

Lack of breathing

301

Bradypnea

Abnormally slow breathing

302

Dullness on percussion

Fluid or mass underneath place being percussed

303

Pleuritc

Chest pain upon inspiration

304

Prolonged expirations

Usually heard in asthma

305

Rales

Clicking rattling or crackling noises heard in the lungs on inhalation, indicating fluid in the alveoli

306

Retractions

Sucking in between ribs or sternum during inspiration

307

Rhonchi

A coarse gurgling sound in the lungs that indicates the presence of thick fluid

308

Splinting

Not moving because of pain

309

Stridor

High pitches sound heard on inspiration that is indicative of airway obstruction

310

Tachypnea

Extremely rapid respiration

311

Wheezing

High pitched whistling sound of air moving through narrowed airways

312

BLE/ BUE

Bilateral upper/ lower extremities

313

Calcaneus

Heel of the foot

314

Carpals/metacarpals

Bones in hands

315

Clubbing

Swelling and softening of the nail bed with thickening of the whole distal finger (resembling a drumstick)

316

Crepitus

Grating, crackling, or popping sounds/sensations under the skin

317

DTR

Deep tendon reflexes

318

LUE/LLE

Left upper/lower extremity

319

Lymphangitis

Infection traveling up lymphatic system

320

Malleolus

Projections on either side of the ankle joint from the lower leg bones

321

Olecranon

Bony projection of the ulna forming the point of the elbow

322

Patella

Knee cap

323

Pedal edema

Fluid retention in the foot/ankle area

324

Phalanges

Fingers and toes

325

Pulses

Detection of blood circulation

326

ROM

Range of motion

327

RUE/RLE

Right upper/lower extremity

328

Shaft

Long, slendor portion of a long bone

329

Snuff box

Are at the base of the thumb/distal radius

330

Tarsals/metatarsals

Bones in foot

331

Adnexal tenderness

Tenderness when palpating over the ovaries on bimanual exam

332

Bimanual

Pelvic exam using digits (fingers)

333

Cervical os open/closed

Appearance of the cervical os

334

Circumcised

Foreskin of penis removed

335

CMT

Tenderness when moving the cervix on bimanual exam (cervical motion tenderness)

336

Fundus

Top part of the uterus

337

Gravid

Notably pregnant

338

Labia majora/minora

Skin surrounding the opening of the vagina

339

Speculum

Tool utilized in pelvic exam

340

Urethra

External opening to the urinary tract

341

Uterus

Female womb

342

Vault

Inside the vagina or rectum

343

Vulva

Female genitalia

344

Abd-

Relating to the abdomen

345

-aemia

Blood condition

346

-algia

Pain

347

Angio/vasculo-

Blood vessel

348

Arthro-

Relating to joints

349

-ase

Enzyme

350

Aur-

Relating to the ear

351

Bi-

Both

352

Brady-

Slow

353

Bronch-

Relating to the bronchi

354

Cardio-

Relating to the heart

355

-centesis

Needle aspiration of a fluid collection

356

Cholecyst-

Relating to gallbladder

357

Cyano-

Blue color

358

Cyst-

Relating to urinary bladder

359

Dys-

Difficulty

360

-ectomy

Removal of body part

361

Ceph-

Relating to head

362

Endo-

Inside, within

363

Epi-

On, upon

364

Ex/Exo/extra-

Out of, outside

365

Gastro-

Relating to the gut

366

Heme-

Relating to blood

367

Hemi-

One half

368

Hepato-

Relating to the liver

369

Hydro-

Water

370

Hyper-

Elevated

371

Hypo-

Below normal

372

Hyst-

Relating to the uterus

373

Intra-

Within

374

-itis

Inflammation

375

Laparo-

Relating to the abdominal wall

376

Lingua-

Relating to the tongue

377

-lith

Stone

378

Mast-

Relating to the breast

379

-megaly

Enlargement

380

Musculo/myo-

Relating to the muscle

381

Nephro/reno-

Relating to the kidney

382

Neuro-

Relating to the nervous system

383

Oophor-

Relating to the ovary

384

Opth/optic-

Relating to the eyes

385

Osteo-

Relating to the bone

386

-oscopy

Visual inspection of an inaccessible body part

387

-ostomy

Semi-permanent opening of a body cavity

388

-otomy

Temporary opening of a body cavity

389

-paresis

Slight paralysis

390

Ped-

Relating to the foot

391

-pepsia

Digestion

392

Peri-

Around, surrounding

393

-phage

Eating

394

-plegia

Paralysis

395

Pneumo-

Relating to the lung

396

Poly-

Multiple

397

Post-

Behind, after

398

Pulmo-

Relating to the lungs

399

Rhino-

Relating to the nose

400

-rrhagia

Rapid blood flow

401

-rrhea

Discharge

402

Spleno-

Relating to the spleen

403

Supra-

Above

404

Tachy-

Fast

405

Thorac-

Relating to the chest

406

Bid-

Taken twice daily

407

IM-

Intramuscular (given in the muscle)

408

IV-

Intravenous (given in the vein)

409

OTC

Over the counter

410

PO

Per oral (mouth)

411

PR

Per rectum (given in the rectum)

412

Pm-

Taken as needed

413

Qd-

Taken once daily

414

Rx-

Prescription; medications

415

SL

Sublingual (given under the tongue)

416

SQ

Subcutaneous (given under the skin)

417

tid

Taken three times daily

418

CT

Computerized tomography

419

CTA

Computerized tomographic angiography

420

MRA

Magnetic resonance angiogram

421

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

422

US

Ultrasound

423

X-rays

CXR- chest
KUB-kidney, ureter, bladder

424

BP

Blood pressure

425

FHT/FHR

Fetal heart tones/rate

426

IUP

Intrauterine pregnancy

427

JVD

Jugular vein distention

428

NAD

No acute distress

429

TTP

Tenderness to palpation

430

Abx

Antibiotics

431

ALOC

Altered level of consciousness

432

AMA

Against medical advice

433

AMS

Altered mental status

434

ASVD

Atherosclerotic vascular disease

435

BBB

Bundle branch block (EKG)

436

BP

Blood pressure or back pain

437

BS

Blood sugar (or bowel sounds)

438

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

439

EMS

Emergency medical service

440

ETT

Endotracheal tube

441

Fx

Fracture

442

H&P

History and Physical

443

HR

Heart rate

444

I&D

Incision and drainage; for abscess

445

IUP

Intrauterine pregnancy

446

IUD

Intrauterine device

447

IVDA

IV drug abuse

448

LAD

Left axis deviation (EKG)

449

LAFB

Left anter, fascicular block (EKG)

450

LP

Lumbar puncture

451

NC

Nasal cannula (therapeutic oxygen delivery)

452

NRB

Non-rebreather oxygen mask

453

NSR

Normal sinus rhythm

454

PMD/PCP

Primary medical doctor/primary care physician

455

pna

Pneumonia

456

RAD

Right axis deviation (EKG)

457

URI

Upper respiratory infection

458

ABG

Arterial blood gas

459

BNP

Congestive heart failure indicator

460

CBC

Complete blood count

461

CMP

Complete metabolic panel

462

D-Dimer

Blood clot indicator

463

EtOH

Blood alcohol level

464

hCG

Pregnancy hormone

465

Lactic acid

Test for sepsis

466

PT/INt, PTT

Clotting/coagulation

467

Troponin

Cardiac enzyme

468

Type/Screen

Blood type/ RH Factor

469

Urine toxicology

Drug screen

470

Acetaminophen

Tylenol

471

Ambien

Sleeping pill

472

Amoxicillin

Antibiotic

473

Adenosine

Cardiac drug for SVT

474

Albuterol

For wheezing/asthma

475

ASA

Aspirin

476

Atenolol

Beta blocker for HTN

477

Ativan

Benzodiazepine

478

Atropine

Anticholinergic

479

Augmenting

Antibiotic

480

Azithromycin

Antibiotic

481

Bactrim

Antibiotic

482

Banana bag

Mix of vitamins and minerals in normal saline

483

BCP

Birth control pill

484

Benadryl

Diphenhydramine

485

Cipro (ciprofloaxcin)

Antibiotic

486

Clindamycin

Antibiotic

487

Codeine

Pain medication

488

Compazine

Antiemetic

489

Coumadin (warfarin)

Blood thinner

490

Decadron

Steroid

491

Dextrose

For hypoglycemia

492

Digoxin

Cardiac med; for a.fib and a.flutter

493

Dilantin

Seizure medication

494

Dilaudid

Pain medication

495

Diltiazem (cardizem)

Calcium channel blocker; for HTN and arrhythmias

496

Dopamine

Given for hypotension and low cardiac output during shock

497

Epinephrine

Given for allergic reaction; used during cardiac arrest; often added in local anesthetic to decrease bleeding

498

Etomidate

sedative

499

Fentanyl

Pain medication

500

Flatly

Antibiotic

501

GI cocktail

For GERE, gastritis, etc.

502

Haldol

Anti-psychotic

503

HCTZ

Diuretic; for water retention

504

Ibuprofen

NSAID (Advil, Motrin)

505

Insulin

Medication to control blood sugar

506

IVNS

Intravenous normal saline 0.9% NaCl

507

Keflex

Antibiotic

508

Ketamine

Dissociative sedative

509

Lasix

Diuretic; for water retention

510

Levaquin

Antibiotic

511

Lidocaine

Local anesthetic; also used for cardiac arrhythmias

512

Marcaine

Local anesthetic

513

Methadone

Synthetic opiate used for chronic pain and opiate addiction

514

Metoprolol

Beta blocker for HTN

515

Morphine

Pain medication

516

Nebulizer

Inhaled medication to treat difficulty breathing

517

Nitroglycerin

Vasodilator

518

OxyContin

Pain medication

519

Percocet (oxycodone)

Pain medication

520

Phenergan

Antiemetic

521

Plavix

Blood thinner

522

Prednisone

Steroid

523

Propofol

Sedative

524

Naproxen

NSAID, pain medication

525

Naprosyn

NSAID pain medication

526

Narcan

Given for opioid overdose

527

NSAID

Non steroidal anti inflammatory drug

528

NTG

Nitroglycerin

529

Rocephin

Antibiotic

530

Solumedrol

Steroid

531

Succinylcholine

Paralytic; used for intubation

532

Thiamine

A commonly given vitamin

533

Toradol

NSAID pain medication

534

tPA

Clot busting drug used occasionally in CVA, MI & PE

535

Vicodin (hydrocodone)

Pain medication

536

Xanax

Benzodiazepine

537

Versed

Benzodiazepine, sedative

538

Zofran

Antiemetic

539

Zosyn

Antibiotic

540

HA

Headache