Work in a Nail Services Framework Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Work in a Nail Services Framework Deck (45)
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1
Q
Fingernails are reflectors of?
A
Our general health
2
Q
A normal nail is?
A
Firm, flexible, shiny and slightly pink in colour
3
Q
In some races the nail colour may be a slightly?
A
yellow tone
4
Q
Where does the strength come from in nails?
A
suplhar links in the keratin
5
Q
Where does flexibility come from in nails?
A
The moisture content
6
Q
Nails contain?
A
*Iron
*Aluminium
*Copper
*silver
*Gold
*titanium phosphorous
*Zinc
*Sodium
*Chloride
*Very tiny amounts of calcium
7
Q
How much calcium is the nail plate made up of?
A
0.07%
8
Q
What is the role of moisture in the nail?
A
It moves around microscopic tunnels within the nail bed and then into the surface of the nail plate. It acts as a lubricant for the keratin strands within the nail plate, allowing for flexibility.
9
Q
What happens when your hands are in water often?
A
The nail plate becomes over soft because the nail cells swell, causing splitting,peeling and breakage
10
Q
What is the nails health determined by?
A
The matrix's response to the environment-

If nails are covered by enhancements, the natural nail underneath becomes thinner and weaker as the enhancement takes over the role of protecting the finger end.
11
Q
Once the nail enhancement is removed, will the nail plate begin to resume its original thickness and strength?
A
Yes
12
Q
What is the Integumentary system made up of?
A
The skin, nervces, glands, hair and nails
13
Q
What are the functions of the skin?
A
*Protection
*Excretion
*Sensation
*Immunity
*Vitamin D Synthesis
*Absorption
*Homeostasis
*Thermoregulation
14
Q
What are the layers of the skin, in order?
A
*Epidermis
*Dermis
*Hypodermis
15
Q
Where is the epidermal layer thickest?
A
The soles of the feet and palms of the hand
16
Q
What is Stratum Lucidum and where is it?
A
It is an extra layer of skin (5th layer). It is on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, it provides extra support for wear and tear of these areas
17
Q
What happens when hands are exposed to UV radiation from the sun?
A
Premature aging- such as wrinkles, dry rough texture and uneven skin spots (Solar Keratosis)
18
Q
Do the soles of the feet contain hair follicles?
A
No
19
Q
Does the soles of the feet and palms of the hand have many or few sweat glands
A
few sweat glands
20
Q
Does the soles of the feet and palms of the hand have many or few nerve receptors?
A
many
21
Q
If the skin is broken, inflamed or infected would you provide a manicure or pedicare service?
A
No, it is best not too.
22
Q
What can several treatments of the hands and feet achieve?
A
*Improve circulation and blood supply which helps maintain the health and condition of the skin and nails.
23
Q
What does increased blood supply do for the nail health?
A
Improves nail strength and assists in the prevention of splitting and allows nails to grow longer
24
Q
What does a paraffin wax treatment achieve?
A
The heat encourages the blood vessels to dilate allowing blood cells to move freely around the skin. The nerve endings are stimulated to enhance the skins tissue
25
Q
What happens when you physically massage the hands and feet?
A
It improves circulation as well as relaxing the muscles. Increased blood circulation stimulates cell production leading to improved skin condition
26
Q
What season do nails grow faster?
A
Summer
27
Q
What age group is nail growth faster?
A
Children
28
Q
What finger grows faster and which slower?
A
The middle finger grows fastest, while the thumb grows slowest
29
Q
Do nails grow faster in males or females?
A
Males
30
Q
Do nails grow faster in the day or night?
A
Daytime
31
Q
Which hand do nails grow faster on?
A
The dominant hand grows slightly faster than the other hand
32
Q
Can vitamins, calcium and gel stimulate nail growth?
A
No
33
Q
What happens when there is damage to the cuticle in terms of nail growth?
A
It can interrupt nail growth, producing a ridge or mark on the surface of the new nail
34
Q
Do nails grow after death? Explain your answer
A
No, the skin dehydrates and tightens making the nail and hair appear to grow
35
Q
What are some things that increase nail growth?
A
*Trauma
*Youth
*Length of finger
*Warm temperatures
*Pregnancy
*Use of hands
*Nail biting
*Buffing
36
Q
What are some things that decrease nail growth?
A
*Ageing
*Infection
*Malnutrition
*Genetics
*Diabetes
*Smoking
*Injury
*Breastfeeding
37
Q
What are the variety of nail shapes?
A
*Olive
*Date
*Concave
*Convex
*Acorn
*Angular
*Trapezoid
*Narrow
*Fan
*Roofed
38
Q
Nail the different parts of the nail structure
A
*Matrix
*Cuticle
*Lunula
*Nail plate
*Nail bed
*Free edge
*Bone
*Subcutaneous tissue
39
Q
What are the functions of the nail?
A
*To protect the end of the fingers and toes
*Grasping and manipulating objects in various ways
*Increasing the sensitivity to feel and touch
*Acting as defence tools
*Image
40
Q
What is the technical term for nail?
A
Onyx
41
Q
What are corns and calluses?
A
*Caused by friction and pressure
*Calluses are bigger than corns and usually found on the sole of the foot either around the heel or around the front of the foot at the base of the 1st and 4th toes
*Corns are smaller and often have a central core of keratin
*The top of the 5th toe is the most common site for a corn
42
Q
What are solar Lentigines?
A
sharply define, rounded, brown or black flat patches of skin which appear individually or in clusters
43
Q
How are Solar Lentigines formed?
A
The epidermis expands with more pigment and becomes hyper pigmented developing a look like dark freckles, through exposure to the suns rays. Skin exposed to the sun might be precancerous however dark spots may be cancerous so you should recommend that your client sees a Dr
44
Q
What is Solar keratoses also known as?
A
Actinic keratosis
45
Q
What is Solar keratoses
A
Dry, scaly, rough textures patches that form the outermost layer of the skin after years of exposure to the sun. Their colour ranges from skin toned to reddish brown and range in size from a pin head to larger than a thumb nail. Occasionally, a lesion grows to resemble an animal horn and is called a 'cutaneous horn'