Flashcards in Working capital 1 Deck (20):
A working capital technique that delays cash outflow
Reduces cash disbursement and increases payable float.
Cost of credit formula / APR of quick payment discount
360/ pay period - discount period X Discount/ 100 - Discount %
An inventory management technique that projects and plans inventory levels in order to control the usage of raw materials in the production process
Materials requirements planning
Inventory amounts held on stock would decrease in which conditions?
Variability of sales decreases
Cost of running out of stock decreases
Length of time that goods are in transit decreases
Inventory held on hand would increase when?
When carrying cost decrease
Economic order quantity (EOQ)
anticipates orders at the point where carrying costs are nearest to restocking costs. Objective is to minimize total inventory cost.
EOQ formula assumes that
- Periodic demand is known.
- Annual sales volume is a crucial variable in the formaula
The cost of not taking a cash discount is generally higher than the cost of a bank loan
Reorder costs do not impact
The level of safety stock
Reorder point formula
Safety stock + ( Lead time X Sales during lead time)
Inspections are part of what cost?
Inventory carry cost include
- Obsolescence and spoilage
- Opportunity cost on inventory investment
- Cost of capital invested in the inventory
In the EOQ model order costs consist primarily of
The following financial instruments generally provides the largest source of short-term credit for small firms
What provides a spontaneous source of financing for a firm?
Trade credit is
Subject to risk of buyer default
In the SCOR (Supply Chain Operations Reference) model what are the key activities pertaining to the supply chain analysis?
(SCOR) Describe Planning stage
Developing a way to manage supply and demand within the goals and objectives of the firm. As well as plan for necessary infrastructure.
Just-in-time (JIT) inventory purchasing system
- relies on suppliers to deliver products when needed
- Increases the likelihood of the company running out of inventory
- decreases inventory holding cost
-reduces set-up time
-increases inventory turnover and number of days sales to sell goes down as well as cash conversion cycle