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Geography > World Cities > Flashcards

Flashcards in World Cities Deck (30):
1

Agglomeration

City which has grown so large that is merges with others e.g Tokyo

2

Millionaire City

More than 1 million citizens- more than 400 worldwide.

3

Mega city

More than 10 million citizens- more than 20 worldwide.

4

World City

A city with global influence mainly economic. They tend to be in MDCs. 100 cities account for 30% of the world's economy.

5

Conurbation

Growth of a city such that it engulfs other towns to form a continuous urban area.

6

Metropolitan area

Administrative urban area of a city.

7

Business, transport and trade hub

World cities have strong connections with the rest of the world which explains their role in trade and transport e.g Heathrow has largest international air traffic. World cities have corporate HQs for TNCs and stock exchanges which displays influence in global economy.

8

Production hubs

Their role is to make decisions about marketing and production but not necessarily manufacture the product.

9

Political hub

Influential in international affairs e.g G8 summit. Home to parliament and dictate economic links

10

Migration hubs

MDCs attract talented, qualified people.

11

Urbanisation

Increasing proportion of people living in towns and cities..

12

Natural increase

Urban areas have low age profiles so they increase at a faster rate.

13

Core and periphery theory

A theory that shows how different economic development between regions leads to a prosperous core region and a periphery poorer region.

14

Growth Poles

Centres of economic growth and they can develop because a large number of firms choose to locate in a specific area e.g. Silicon Valley

15

Multiplier effect

Upward spiral of investment so that one economic activity leads to the development of others. Initial investment triggers growth, spending and investment on a greater scale.

16

Suburbanisation

The movement of people from the inner city to the outskirts of town. Takes place in developed world predominantly. Occurred in UK between 1920s and 1990s.

17

Counter-urbanisation

The movement of people from urban areas into rural areas & the surrounding countryside. Occurred in UK since 1990s.

18

Suburbanised village

Rural villages which have taken on the appearance & characteristics of the suburbs.

19

Original Village core

Old heart of the village

20

Infills

More recent building found near the core often in former gardens.

21

Ribbon development

Found along roads leading into village

22

Adjuncts

New housing estates

23

Isolates

Recent constructions such as campsites & business parks,

24

Reurbanisation

The movement of people back into the city centres which have become fashionable again. Occurred in UK since 2000s and is very attractive for young professionals.

25

Standard of living

Level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to people in an area (mainly income based)

26

Quality of life

General wellbeing of individuals and societies. Measures standard of heath, comfort and happiness experienced by an individual or group.

27

Gentrification

Wealthy people move into a run-down area and redevelop it. It often causes social change- affluent people replace lower income groups.

28

Partnership schemes

Involve local councils working with business and local communities to come up with a regeneration plan for an area. Schemes aim to try and improve economy, environment and social aspects.

29

Property-led regeneration schemes

Involve building or improving property in an area to change its image & improve local environment.

30

Decentralisation

The process by which retailing industry in cities move to more spacious out-of-town locations.