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Flashcards in World History Deck (20)
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1
Q

What was the first country to industrialize?

A

England

2
Q

Industrial Revolution

A

The change from making products at home, by hand, to making them in factories, by machines

3
Q

James Watt

A

Invented the steam engine that powered factories; let to an increase of demand for coal

4
Q

Eli Whitney

A

Invented the cotton gin

5
Q

Henry Bessemer

A

Invented a new process for making steel

6
Q

Edward Jenner

A

Smallpox vaccine

7
Q

Louis Pasteur

A

Discovered bacteria

8
Q

Marie Curie

A

Experimented with radioactivity to discover the elements radium and polonium

9
Q

Impacts

A

Population growth
increases standards of living
improved transportation
increased education

10
Q

Capitalism

A

Economic system with private ownership of land and business; fueled the industrial revolution

11
Q

Laissez-Faire

A

French phrase meaning “leave alone” Theory that the government should leave businesses alone and society would benefit

12
Q

Adam Smith

A

Economist who wrote “The Wealth of Nations”

13
Q

Utopianism

A

create an ideal society where communities are owned by the people

14
Q

Socialism

A

system where the means of production are publicly owned

15
Q

Communism

A

common ownership of the mean of production and a planned economy

16
Q

Why did people think capitalism was bad?

A

Because it meant lower prices for consumers, unevenly distributed wealth, and it didn’t protect workers

17
Q

Who were the communist manifesto?

A

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

18
Q

Why was England first?

A

England had the capital and the recourses to industrialize

19
Q

What was the time period?

A

The 18th century

20
Q

What was a problem with the industrial revolution

A

Child Labor because it put children into the work force and put their safety at risk everyday