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Flashcards in world history Deck (69):
1

Enlightenment
(Enlightened Thinkers)

15/1600's new way of thinking away from bible/religion & thinking themselves

1

Voltaire

Freedom of speech

3

Constitutional monarchy

King has to obey law & work w/ constitution
(1st England, Magna Carta King John)

3

Newton

Universal law of gravitation

4

Copernicus

heliocentric

6

Napoleon's biggest defeat & last battle

Russia & Waterloo

7

Napoleon never beat this country but tried to blockade them

England

7

Biggest fundamental cause of Fall of the Bastille

Unfair voting (Estates General)
Economy (Debt)

8

2 countries in Opium War

China & GB

9

Fall of the Bastille

Beginning of French Rev.
(Hated prison fortress)

10

1st industry

Textile (clothes)

11

5 factors needed to establish a strong industry

Entrepreneurship, labor, land, capital, technology

13

Urbanization

Moving from the country to the city

14

GB natural resources:

Water, iron oar, coal

14

Industrial world

Class struggle, about $, turn communist

15

All ppl from industrial world came from

Have & have nots
Haves=Bourgeoisie
Have nots=Proletariats

16

Carl Marx

Communist
Said have & have nots

17

Adam Smith

Wealth of Nations
Competing w/ Marx-capitalism, compete w/ self interest, to make as much $ as possible

18

Berlin Conference

Europe ÷d Africa unfairly & agree not to fight w/ each other

19

Open Door Policy

US forced China to open ports

20

Treaty of Kanagawa

Japan opened up ports to the rest of the world started w/ US b/c of Matthew Perry

21

Industrial Rev. negative aspect

Disease

22

Total war

Whole country involved not just soldiers

23

"Jewel of the Crown"

India, valuable to GB, most profitable/income, most valuable colony, carry resources

24

Tiananmen Square

Chinese gov fired on unarmed citizens protesting for better gov & edu

25

Mao Zhedong

Leader of communist China in 1949

26

Cultural Rev.

Implemented by Mao
Eliminated ppl who used their minds & disliked the teachers

27

Hiroshima & Nagasaki

1st Hiroshima 2nd Nagasaki

28

Why were India & Pakistan split?

Religion

29

Nobles were forced to sign the Declaration of Rights of Man during French Rev., what did it do?

Gave rights to the peasants, documents signed by the nobles saying there are no more noble privileges in France

30

Locke

Life, liberty, property through reason

31

Nationalism

Extreme pride for country could be bad b/c it could turn violent

32

Guillotine

Killing machine of Jacobins made by doctor to make painless, radical

33

Difference between a democracy & a fascist gov.?

Democracy more freedoms than fascist

34

Impact of steam engine

Boats, trains, & factories

35

Louis16th escape raise army come back take over country again using violence to return to the way things used to be

Reactionary

36

Battle of Normandy/D-Day

Allies take back France

37

City defeated that marked the end of WWII

Berlin

38

"Crimes against humanity" led to Nuremberg trials

Holocaust

39

Stalingrad

Most important battle, Germans lost to SU

40

B4 WWII Italy, Germany, SU have in common

Totalitarian leadership

41

What caused GB & France to declare war on Germany?

Invasion of Polandhttps://www.brainscape.com/decks/924104/cards/quick_new_card

42

Mussolini lead his fascist black troops when he marched where?

Rome

43

Benefited from hated Versailles treaty used ppl's anger from WWI hated Weimar Republic

Hitler

44

Stalin defeated who to become the leader of the SU?

Trotsky

45

Political Spectrum order

radical, liberal, moderate, conservative, reactionary
left=future right=past outside=violent inside=compromise

46

radical

republic
Jacobins, Marat, Robespierre, Danton
left wing
-overthrow/start over
-opposes king/monarchy
-change in gov
-power to control ppl
-violence

47

liberal

Lafayette (noble write Dec of Man)
Talleyrand (clergy)
-more solutions to prob
-gradual democratic change


48

moderate

constitutional monarchy
Madame Roland, Girondists, Charlotte Corday
-centrists
-compromise
-some gov changes but not like liberal or radical
-no extreme views

49

conservative

limited monarchy
nobles, clergy
-likes the way it is; remain the same
-few changes
-keep "status quo"

50

reactionary

absolute monarchy
nobles, clergy
divine right
-return to past
-opposes all change
-violence

51

Rousseau

every1 has inalienable rights that cant be taken away

52

Hobbes

every1 us selfish but = so the monarch tells ppl what to do

53

Napoleon overthrows the gov

Coup d'etat

54

"Divine Right" theory

idea that when you became king God put you there so if you go against the king it's like going against God

55

Napoleonic Code

comprehensive system of laws used throughout Europe

56

Causes of WWI

Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism

57

Mandates

British (Iraq & Palestine)
France (Syria & Lebanon)

58

Bacon

scientific method

59

Reign of Terror leadership

Robespierre (Jacobins)

59

Napoleon's reforms

Bank, edu, get rid of corruption in the government

59

How Industrial Rev. affect imperialism?

Countries needed raw materials for factories so they went to get them (ex:Africa)

59

Absolute ruler def. & actions taken to increase power

Controls everything! (military, political,religion, social) Increase taxes & decrease power of nobles & church

59

Causes of French Revolution

Estates general voting, debt, enlightenment thinkers, U.S Revolution

59

Reign of terror groups used to advance their goals

Peasants

59

King names

Henry, Louis, Philip, M?

65

Results of French Revolution

Countries around Europe are scared they're going to have a rev. too, monarch gone

67

Imperialism def. & example

When a stronger country takes over/expands weaker countries ex: when Europe ÷d Africa

68

Relationship between Agricultural & Industrial Rev.

+food=+ppl to work in factories