XVIII - The Male Genital System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in XVIII - The Male Genital System Deck (111)
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61

Most common primary malignant tumor of the ureter

Urothelial carcinoma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 960

62

Ureteral narrowing or obstruction characterized by fibrotic proliferative inflammatory process encasing retroperitoneal structures and causing hydronephrosis

Sclerosing Retroperitotneal Fibrosis(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p 961

63

Primary or idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is also called___.

Ormond Disease(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p 961

64

Most common and serious congenital anomaly of the urinary bladder

Vesicoureteral reflux(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 961

65

Most common cause of acute cystitis

E. coli (TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed, p. 962

66

Laminated mineralized concretions resulting from deposition of calcium in enlarged lysosomes, present within the macrophages; seen in Malakoplakia.

Michaelis-Gutmann bodies(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 963

67

Most common precursor lesions to invasive urothelial carcinoma

Non-invasive papillary tumors(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 964

68

Most important risk factor for bladder carcinoma

Cigarette smoking(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 964

69

True or False. Patients with exstrophy of the bladder have an increased risk of adenocarcinoma.

True(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 962

70

A newborn baby was noted to pass out out urine through a small opening at the area of the umbilicus. This is due to :

A patent urachus(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 962

71

True or False. Patients with urachal cyst are are risk for carcinoma.

True(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 962

72

Most common bladder tumors

Urothelial tumor(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 964

73

Dominant and sometimes only clinical manifestation of bladder cancer

Painless hematuria(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 967

74

Urothelial carcinoma associated with loss of the TP53 and RB tumor suppressor genes and frequently progresses to muscle-invasive disease.

Non-invasive high grade urothelial carcinoma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 968

75

Urothelial carcinoma associated with gain of function FGFR3 and HRAS mutation.

Non-invasive low-grade urothelial carcinoma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 968

76

Most common cause of bladder obstruction in males

BPH (TOPNOTCH)

77

Inflammatory lesion that presents as a small, red, painful mass about the external urethral meatus, consisting of inflamed granulation tissue covered by friable mucosa which may ulcerate and bleed with the slightest trauma, typically in older females.

Urethral caruncle(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 969

78

Characterized by arrested germ cell development associated with marked hyalinization and thickening of the basement membrane of the spermatic tubules.

Cryptorchidism(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 972

79

Most frequent causes of epididymitis in sexually active men younger than age 35 years.

C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoea(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 974

80

Most frequent causes of epididymitis in men older than age 35 years.

E. Coli and Pseudomonas(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 974

81

Most common benign paratesticular tumor

Adenomatoid tumor(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 975

82

Most common malignant paratesticular tumors in children

Rhabdomyosarcroma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 975

83

Most common malignant paratesticular tumors in adults

Liposarcoma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 975

84

The most common testicular tumor in men agest 15-34 years old

Germ Cell tumor(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 975

85

Syndrome composed of cryptorchidims, hypospadias, and poor sperm quality; also associated with germ cell tumors

Testicular dysgenesis syndrome(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 975

86

Most common type of germ cell tumor

Seminoma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 976

87

Most common testicular tumor in infants and children up to 3 years of age

Yolk sac tumor(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 976

88

Lymphatic spread is common to all forms of testicular tumors. Which group of nodes are initially involved?

Retroperitoneal para-aortic nodes(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 979

89

Most aggressive nonseminomatous germ cell tumors

Pure choriocarcinoma(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 979

90

Biomarker elevated in yolk sac tumor

Serum AFP(TOPNOTCH)Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., p. 979