The quality or colour of sound that makes one voice or instrument different from another.
A musical instrument such as a piano, organ or synthesiser.
A drum of West African origin.
How long or short notes are.
The beat / heartbeat of the music.
Musical patterns made up of notes of different durations / lengths.
Can be played on a pitched or unpitched instrument.
A musical pattern that repeats (can be pitched or unpitched).
How high or low a musical sound is.
Another word for tune, created by playing notes one after another.
The five lines that music is written down on.
A symbol (#) which raises a note by a half step (or semitone) when put in front of it.
A symbol (b) which lowers a note by a half step (or semitone) when put in front of it.
How loudly or quietly to play a piece of music.
Italian word for “loud” (shortened to f).
Italian word for “quiet” (shortened to p).
The speed of a piece of music.
Italian word for “slowly”.
Italian word for “fast”.
The way a piece of music is built by combining different sections
(eg. intro-verse-chorus in a pop song).
Call and Response
A question and answer phrase.
e.g. “Have you got a Djembe? Yes I have”.
Thick or thin. How many layers of music there are.
Thick and Thin Textures
Music can be described as having a thin texture (only one or two musical layers) or a thick texture (many musical layers).
The tonality of a piece of music is often either major or minor.
Different pieces of music can be described as having a different mood, often depending on whether the tonality is major or minor.
The use of computers or other hardware/software to create and edit musical sounds.
Sound that has been recorded.
Eg, “I have recorded my vocal part as an audio track”.
Name given to a musical group / ensemble made up four families: strings, woodwind, brass and percussion.
A note that lasts half a beat. They are often found in pairs to make up a whole beat.
A note that lasts for one beat.
A note that lasts for two beats.