Year 8 Advanced Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

SHHS - Music - Year 8 Advanced Vocabulary > Year 8 Advanced Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Year 8 Advanced Vocabulary Deck (56):
1

Timbre

The quality or colour of sound that makes one voice or instrument different from another.

2

Keyboard

A musical instrument such as a piano, organ or synthesiser.

3

Djembe

A drum of West African origin.

4

Duration

How long or short notes are.

5

Pulse

The beat / heartbeat of the music.

6

Rhythm

Musical patterns made up of notes of different durations / lengths.

Can be played on a pitched or unpitched instrument.

7

Ostinato

A musical pattern that repeats (can be pitched or unpitched).

8

Pitch

How high or low a musical sound is.

9

Melody

Another word for tune, created by playing notes one after another.

10

Staff/ Stave

The five lines that music is written down on.

11

Sharp

A symbol (#) which raises a note by a half step (or semitone) when put in front of it.

12

Flat

A symbol (b) which lowers a note by a half step (or semitone) when put in front of it.

13

Dynamics

How loudly or quietly to play a piece of music.

14

Forte

Italian word for “loud” (shortened to f).

15

Piano

Italian word for “quiet” (shortened to p).

16

Tempo

The speed of a piece of music.

17

Adagio

Italian word for “slowly”.

18

Allegro

Italian word for “fast”.

19

Structure

The way a piece of music is built by combining different sections

(eg. intro-verse-chorus in a pop song).

20

Call and Response

A question and answer phrase.

e.g. “Have you got a Djembe? Yes I have”.

21

Texture

Thick or thin. How many layers of music there are.

22

Thick and Thin Textures

Music can be described as having a thin texture (only one or two musical layers) or a thick texture (many musical layers).

23

Tonality

The tonality of a piece of music is often either major or minor.

24

Musical Mood

Different pieces of music can be described as having a different mood, often depending on whether the tonality is major or minor.

25

Music Technology

The use of computers or other hardware/software to create and edit musical sounds.

26

Audio

Sound that has been recorded.

Eg, “I have recorded my vocal part as an audio track”.

27

Orchestra

Name given to a musical group / ensemble made up four families:  strings, woodwind, brass and percussion.

28

Quaver

A note that lasts half a beat.  They are often found in pairs to make up a whole beat.​

29

Crotchet

A note that lasts for one beat.

30

Minim

A note that lasts for two beats.

31

Semibreve

A note which lasts for four beats.

32

Scale

A group of notes in a particular order.

e.g. C Major Scale:

C D E F G A B C

33

Treble Clef

A clef used in sheet music for notes higher in pitch than middle C.​

34

Bass Clef

A clef used in sheet music for notes lower in pitch than middle C.​

35

Crescendo

Italian word for “getting louder”.​

36

Diminuendo

Italian word for “getting quieter”.​

37

Accelerando

Italian word for “getting faster”.​

38

Ritenuto

Italian word for “slowing down”.​

39

Binary Form

A piece of music with two contrasting sections, often called A and B.

40

Major Keys

Music is usually either major or minor.  Music in a major key is based around major scales and tends to sound happier.​

41

Primary Triads

The three most commonly used chords in any given key.

In C Major these are C, F and G.  They are also known as chords I, IV and V   (or 1, 4 and 5).​

42

Mash-up

A piece of music created electronically (using software such as Audacity) where different pieces are cut and pasted together.​

43

Remix

An arrangement or new version of an existing song or piece of music, created using technology.

44

Time Signature

The numbers at the beginning of a piece music that tell us how many beats there are in a bar.​

45

Simple Time Signatures

A time signature where the main beats in the bar are usually either crochets or minims and can be divided by two.​

46

Sequence

A melodic pattern which repeats either up or down in pitch from the original.​

47

Mezzo-Forte

Italian word for “medium-loud” (shortened to mf).​

48

Mezzo-Piano

Italian word for “medium-quiet” (shortened to mp).​

49

Andante

Italian word for “at a walking pace”

(tempo of the music).​

50

Moderato

Italian word for “medium”

(tempo of the music).​

51

Ternary Form

A piece of music with three sections, where the first one repeats at the end (labelled A B A1).​

52

Melody and Accompaniment

A type of texture where there is a clear melody (tune) with distinct accompaniment (the music in the background: the ‘backing’).​

53

Minor Keys

Music is usually either major or minor.  Music in a minor key is based around minor scales and tends to sound sad.​

54

Secondary Triads

Minor chords ii and vi, which make a chord sequence more interesting than just using chords I, IV & V.

55

Multi-tracking

The process of recoding more than one track on top of each other so they play back simultaneously.

56

Mixing

In music technology; the producer controls the dynamic levels (volume) of each track to get an even mix.