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Flashcards in Youth Justice Deck (15)
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A child is a boy or girl aged....

under 14


A young person is a boy or girl aged....

14 to 16; but does not include any person who is or has been married


Section 208 relates to....

youth justice principles and can be summarised as follows:
1. Criminal proceedings should not be initiated if there is an alternative means
2. Ability of families/whanau/iwi to deal with offending should be fostered
3. Sanctions imposed should be the least restrictive as appropriate in the circumstances
4. Measures for dealing with offending should have due regard to the interests of victims
5. CYP who commits an offence should be kept in the community as much as practicable


Section 272 relates to....

age of criminal responsibility and can be summarised as follows:

Under 10 = no liability
10 or 11 = murder and manslaughter
12 or 13 = murder, manslaughter and anything carrying life or 14 years
12 or 13 with previous offence = previous offence murder, manslaughter or anything carrying life or 14 years then liable for anything 10 to 13 years

14 to 16 = criminally responsible; will be dealt with by YAS/FGC/Youth Court

17 and above is treated as an adult and the special protections for CYP no longer apply


Section 8 relates to....

police responsibilities to parents when dealing with CYP matters.

It means, if a police officer takes any action or makes any decision that significantly affects the CYP, the officer shall inform as soon as practicable of the officer's actions and the reasons for them to any parent, guardian or person having the care of the CYP


Section 215 relates to....

when a CYP must be informed of their rights before being questioned, including
R - REASONABLE grounds to suspect CYP has committed an offence
A - ASKING the CYP questions intended to obtain an admission
R - REASONABLE grounds to suspect CYP has committed an offence, during questioning
O - OFFICER has decided to charge the CYP
I - CYP makes an INQUIRY re rights/caution


Section 215A relates to....

where the CYP being questioned makes an inquiry relating to the explanation of rights, the police officer must explain those matters as appropriate


Section 218 relates to....

rights/caution must be explained to the CYP in both a manner and language that is appropriate to their age and level of understanding


Section 219 states....

police are not required to repeat the explanation of a CYP's rights to them if the same rights/caution was explained less than an hour before


Section 213 states....

where a CYP is prosecuted, only the defence may disclose that the CYP has been warned or cautioned in the past. The prosecution may not admit any evidence relating to any offence for which the CYP has been warned or cautioned.


Section 214 relates to....

powers of arrest without warrant of CYP's and can be summarised as:

W - prevent interference with WITNESS
E - ENSURE CYP's appearance at court
E - prevent loss/destruction of EVIDENCE
P - PREVENT further offences

The exceptions are:
- Cat 4 offence and required in public interest; or

- you must report the arrest to the commissioner of police within three days


Section 214A states....

you may arrest CYP without warrant if:
- has been released on bail
- has breached bail condition and has on 2 or more previous occasions breached a bail condition


No statement made by a CYP is admissible unless....

Rights/caution explained


CYP allowed to consult lawyer/nominated person


Statement made in presence of either lawyer or nominated person

NOTE: In spite of the above, spontaneous statements are admissible


Section 222 sets out....

who is a suitable nominated person. These include:
1. A parent/guardian
2. Adult member of family/whanau
3. Other adult selected by CYP


Police can object to the chosen nominated person if they are....

1. Likely to pervert the course of justice
2. Cannot be located
3. Would not be available within a reasonable period of time