microbiology unit 2

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Decks in this class (13)

(5-11) Prokaryote Classification
1. Define: Taxonomy, Identification, Classification, Nomenclature 2. Explain why organisms are arranged in taxonomic groups. 3. Define: Domain, Genus, Species, Strain 4. Describe the basis for the identification of prokaryotes using: Phenotypic characteristics, Genotypic characteristics 5. Describe the kind of information provided by: Morphological studies, Staining reactions, Biochemical reactions, Sequencing rRNA genes 6.Explain how rRNA sequences can be used in identification and classif
21  cards
(5-12) Microbial Eukaryotes
1. Describe the characteristics and roles of algae. 2. Explain why algae are important to human existence. 3. Describe the structure of macroscopic algae. 4. Describe the role of algae in paralytic shellfish poisoning. 5. List the characteristics of protozoans. 6. Name the diseases for which the following are causative agents: Toxoplasma gondii, Plasmodium, Trypanosoma, Entamoeba histolytica 7. List the kinds of organisms included in the fungi. 8. Explain how fungi cause human disease. 9
59  cards
(6-13) Viruses of Bacteria-- Bacteriophages
1. Describe the composition of a virus. 2. Define: Virus, Virion, Capsid, Nucleocapsid, Capsomere, Spikes or attachment proteins 3. Explain why the structure of the viral genome is unusual. 4. Explain why viruses can multiply only inside cells. 5. Define: Productive infection, Lytic phage, Temperate phage, Latent infection, Lysogenic state 6. Describe the following steps in DNA phage replication: Attachment, Penetration, Transcription, Replication, Assembly or maturation, Release 7. Descri
37  cards
(6-14) Viruses Of Animals
1. Define virus and describe the composition of a virus. 2. Differentiate between “naked” and enveloped viruses and between phage and animal viruses. 3. List the criteria for classifying animal viruses based on their physical characteristics. 4. List the groups of animal viruses based on routes of transmission. 5. Describe in the proper sequence what occurs in viral replication in animal cells. 6. Describe how and where viral proteins are made. 7. Identify the event in which an envel
60  cards
(6-15) Cannibals & Cows [Prions]
1. Define and differentiate between a virus and a prion. 2. Define transmissible spongiform encephalopathy and describe the etiological agent. 3. Describe and explain the major symptoms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. 4. Describe the proposed replication method of prions
31  cards
(7-16) Innate Immunity
1. Differentiate innate immunity and adaptive immune response. 2. Define: Self vs. non-self, Phagocytes, Inflammation, Fever 3. Define first-line defense. 4. Define or identify: Lysozyme, Lactoferrin, Cytokines 5. List and describe the mechanical and chemical factors that are involved in preventing the invasion of microorganisms through the skin and mucous membranes. 6. Describe the role of normal flora in innate immunity. 7. Identify and describe of the roles of the following kinds of cel
42  cards
(7-17) Adaptive Immunity -i-
1. Differentiate between the primary response and the memory response. 2. Differentiate between humoral immunity and cellular immunity. 3. Identify the following types of cells: B lymphocytes, Plasma cells, Memory cells, T lymphocytes 4. Define: Antigen, Immunogen, Epitopes (antigenic determinants), Antibody 5. Describe the general structure of an antibody molecule and the functions of specific regions of the molecule. 6. List and describe six protective outcomes of antibody-antigen binding
32  cards
(7-18) Adaptive Immunity -ii-
No deck description has yet been added by the author.
19  cards
(9-21) Immunization
1. Distinguish between active and passive immunity. 2. Give examples of: ~ naturally acquired active immunity ~ artificially acquired active immunity. 3. Give examples of: ~ naturally acquired passive immunity ~ artificially acquired passive immunity. 4. Define: ~ IgG ~ Vaccine ~ Antiserum ~ Attenuated vaccines ~ Inactivated whole agent vaccines ~ Protein subunit vaccines ~ Conjugate vaccines ~ Inactivated toxins 5. List and describe the major types of vaccines and give one spe
35  cards
(9-23) Antimicrobial Medications
No deck description has yet been added by the author.
65  cards
(8-19) Host-Microbe Interactions
1. Define normal flora and list ways that it plays a protective role in the health of the host. 2. Define the following: Pathogen, Virulence, Opportunistic Infection, Inapparent disease, Disease, Primary infection, Secondary infection, Communicable disease 3. Describe the course of an infectious disease including the following periods: Incubation period, Phase of illness, Period of convalescence 4. Define or identify: Acute disease, Chronic disease, Latent disease 5. List Koch’s postulates a
63  cards
(8-20) Immune Disorders: Hypersensitivities
1. Define: Hypersensitivity, Allergy, Autoimmune, Immunodeficiency 2. Describe the immunologic reactions involved defense against helminthes. 3. Describe the immunologic reactions involved in type I hypersensitivities. 4. Give an example of localized type I hypersensitivities. 5. Define: Wheal, Flare 6. Give an example of widespread type I hypersensitivities. 7. Define: Anaphylaxis, Anaphylactic shock 8. Describe the immunologic reactions involved in type II hypersensitivities and contras
30  cards
(9-22) Epidemiology (Yay!)
1. Explain the importance of John Snow’s work in nineteenth century London. 2. Define epidemiology 3. Define the following: Portal of exit, Portal of entry 4. Define and differentiate between morbidity rate and mortality rate. 5. Define and differentiate between incidence and prevalence. 6. Define: Endemic, Epidemic, Pandemic 7. Define reservoir and give examples. 8. Differentiate between symptomatic infection and asymptomatic carriers. 9. Define zoonoses. 10. Differentiate between hori
50  cards

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