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1

A skill is_____

learned (backflip)

2

A ability is_____

inherited (balance)

3

Basic vs complex skills

Basic skills
-little decision making required
-easy to learn
-walking/jumping

Complex skills
-high levels of decision making required
-long time to learn
-bowling in cricket

4

Open vs closed skills

Open
-affected by the environment(opponent, weather, terrain)
-usually externally paced
-pass in football

Closed
-not affected by the environment
-usually internally paced
somersault in gymnastics

5

Externally vs self paced

Externally paced
-external factors start the skill (opponent)
-receiving a serve in tennis

Self paced
-the performer starts the skill
-long jump

6

Basic information processing cycle

Input- information is gained from body's senses and chosen with selective attention

Decision making- comparing current situation to long-term memory to come up with action

Output- information is sent t your muscles to carry out response

Feedback- information received on weather to repeat or change process depending on outcome

7

Basic information processing example

Input- seeing a player throw tennis ball high to serve

Decision making- What do you see, have you seen this in the past

Outcome- move leg muscles to be ready to return ball

Feedback- too far forward, missed ball?

8

Types of goals

Performance and outcome

9

How to set targets

SMART
S-pecific
M-easureable
A-ccepted
R-ealistic
T-ime bound

10

Types of guidance

Visual- see something
Verbal- being told by coach
Manual- physically moving
Mechanical- using aids to help guide performance

11

Positive vs negative feeback

Positive- what was good about performance

Negative- identifying faults in performance

12

Intrinsic vs extrinsic feedback

Intrinsic- from within performer

Extrinsic- comes from coach or team mate

13

Knowledge of results vs knowledge of performance

Knowledge of results- focus on how successful performer was at winning

Knowledge of performance- focuses on quality of performance

14

Process of feeling performance through muscles

Kinesthesis

15

Arousal is____

a physical and mental state of alertness or excitement

16

Controlling arousal

Mental rehearsal- pictures themselves performing the skill perfectly

Visualisation/imagery- visualising yourself playing

Positive self-talk- performers reassure themselves by talking in their head

Deep breathing- taking long deep breathes to help focus on breathing instead of game anxiety

17

Types of aggression

Direct aggression- is where there is a physical contact between two or more performers such as tackling too high in rugby

Indirect aggression is where there is no physical harm caused only mental harm used to scare the opposition and take away their confidence such as the Hakka or a slam on tennis

18

What is motivation

Motivation is the drive or desire to achieve

19

Intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation

Intrinsic motivation comes from within a performer such as pride

Extrinsic motivation comes from an external source

20

Intangible and tangible examples

Intangible= pride

Tangible= trophy

21

Personality types

Introverts
-Shy, quiet and thoughtful
-Easily over aroused
-Individual sports

Extroverts
-sociable, enthusiastic and talkative
-need high levels of arousal to motivate them and stop boredom
-Team sports

22

Engagement gender

Stereotyping
- Different physical builds in men
- believes that competitiveness is a masculine trait

Traditional views
-woman’s role is to be a carer of the family meaning they lack time to take part in sport

Media coverage
- elite female athletes getting less media coverage

Role models
- Lack of female role models

23

Engagement family and friends

Support
-Emotional and financial support

Role models
-parents act as role models for the children and can affect their participation in sport

Following the crowd
-you are more likely to take part in sports if your friends do

24

Engagement ethnicity

Inequality
-imbalance in the representations of different ethnic groups

Disposable income
-people from ethnic minority groups may have less money to spend on equipment from their socioeconomic background

Stereotyping
-people from particular backgrounds maybe state with certain sports for example Africans towards long-distance

25

Engagement age

Generally when students leave school they drop out sports

Stereotyping-older people must play particular sports mainly individual

Physical limitations-age can prevent older people playing certain sports as Fitness levels decline and your body takes longer to recover from injuries

26

Engagement disabilities

Inclusiveness- Sports facilities may not run sessions for people disabilities

Disposable income- specialist equipment may be expensive

Stereotyping leading to less media coverage and less role models

27

What is commercialisation

To manage or exploit an activity in a way designed to make profit

28

The golden triangle

Sport, the media, sponsorship

29

The media forms

Internet, radio, social media, newspapers

30

Sponsorship provides

Facilities, equipment and clothing, financial