地形地貌 Flashcards Preview

GRE vocabulary > 地形地貌 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 地形地貌 Deck (37):
1

arroyo / brook / creek / rivulet / stream

You can step over a brook, jump over a creek, wade over a stream
Rivulet: small stream / brook
Arroyo: dry stream bed

2

canyon / ravine / gully / gorge / gulch

Gulch usually bigger than gully, deep V-shape formed by erosion
Gorge is part of a canyon: deep valley between cliffs
Ravine: small valley by stream-cutting erosion

3

crater

a bowl-shaped cavity / a pit made by an exploding bomb

4

cape

a cloak / 海角

5

crest

top of a hill or wave / showy feathers on the head of a bird

6

eddy

little whirlpool / whirlwind

7

fluvial

河流的 flu(流)+vial

8

ford

a shallow place in water where you can wade
V. to cross by wade

9

geyser

a spring from which columns of boiling water and steam gush into the air at intervals

10

grotto

small cave

11

insular (反)

insul(岛) + ar
narrow-minded
反:cosmopolitan

12

cosmopolitan (反)

世界主义/心胸宽广
反:insular

13

isthmus

a narrow strip of land

14

marine / maritime

海中的 / 沿海的,海上的

15

marsh

swamp

16

mesa

a land formation having steep wells and a relative flat top

17

mire (反)

marsh / a troublesome situation /
V. to harmer or hold back as if by mire
反: extricate

18

oasis

a fertile place in desert

19

peninsula

a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides

20

pinnacle

spire / a lofty peak

21

precipice

pre + cip(落下) + pice = 悬崖
= crag

22

ridge

23

shoal (反)

a sandbank where the water is shallow
反: deep

24

strait

海峡 like isthmus

25

stratum

地层;社会阶级
复:strata

26

swamp

mire / marsh / morass

27

whirlpool

eddy

28

cascade

small waterfall

29

crag

precipice

30

estuary

三角湾;河口

31

knoll

a hillock; mound

32

lagoon

shallow body of water of lake near a sea

33

moor

open uncultivated land
V. to hold a ship in a place

34

morass

marsh / mire
v. 陷入困境

35

quagmire

quag and mire are all marsh

36

scrap

precipice / crag

37

tundra

冻苔/苔原