00. Extreme Basics of Neuro Flashcards Preview

M2 Neurology > 00. Extreme Basics of Neuro > Flashcards

Flashcards in 00. Extreme Basics of Neuro Deck (25)
1

Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: what happens here?

exec function, working memory, sustained complex attn, memory retrieval, abstract judgment, insight, problem solving

2

orbitofrontal cortex: what happens here?

emotional and social responding, social comportment

3

lateral temporal cortex: what happens here?

memory retrieval, sensory-limbic integration

4

amygdala: what happens here?

emotional learning and memory, fear conditioning

5

hippocampus: what happens here?

declarative/short term/episodic memory, sensory gating, attention

6

cerebellum: what happens here?

coordination

7

anterior cingulate (aka medial frontal): what happens here?

motivation

8

striatum consists of what?

caudate and putamen

9

the basal ganglia consists of what (4 things or 6 things depending on how you define them)?

striatum (caudate and putamen), globus pallidus (int and ext), substantia nigra, subthal nucleus

10

inferolateral temporal lobe: what kind of memory here?

semantic

11

prefrontal cortex: what type of memory here?

working memory

12

cerebellum, basal ganglia: what kind of memory here?

procedural memory

13

Norepinephrine: where is it synthesized?

locus ceruleus (pons)

14

NE: anxiety? depression?

goes UP in anxiety, down in depression

15

dopamine: where synthesized?

ventral tegmentum and SNc (subs nigra)

16

dopamine: schiz? Park? depr?

up in schizophrenia, down in Park, down in depr

17

serotonin: where synthesized?

raphe nucleus (pons)

18

serotonin: anxiety? depr?

down in anxiety, down in depression

19

acetylcholine: Alz? Hunt? REM sleep?

down in Alz, down in Hunt, up in REM

20

GABA: where synth?

INTERNEURONS, nucleus accumbens

21

GABA: anxiety? Hunt?

down in anx, down in Hunt

22

schizophrenia characterized by what nT level?

excess dopamine

23

Parkinson's characterized by what nT level?

insufficient dopamine

24

Alz characterized by what nT level?

insufficient Ach

25

Hunt characterized by what nT level?

insufficient Ach, insufficient GABA