02.14b Tumors of the Heart Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 02.14b Tumors of the Heart Deck (15):
1

Most metastatic cancers in the heart are

Sarcomas

2

Local effects to the heart

Heart failure
Pulmonary hypertension
Dyspnea, orthopnea
Edema

3

80% of embolic episodes will have _____

Cardiac source

4

PE findings of cardiac tumors include murmurs mimicking ______, heart failure, systemic embolization

Mitral stenosis or insufficiency

5

Excellent definition of posterior cardiac structures

High resolution CT scan/ Fast MRI

6

Tx for benign tumor

Excision

7

Tx for malignant tumors

Multimodality (ECR) therapy

8

Benign, true neoplasm
Most common neoplasm among adults
Do not metastasize or invade but may embolize

Myxoma

9

Polyploid projecting into atrial cavity
1-2 cm stalk attached to the atrial septum
Slow growing

Myxoma

10

Two types of myxoma

Sporadic
Familial

11

5th to 6th decade of life
Late onset

Sporadic

12

Hereditary for familial myxoma

AD

13

Best imaging technique for diagnosis of myxoma

2D echo

14

Treatment of myxoma

Surgical excision

15

Found in 4-12% of autopsies performed for neoplastic cancer
Multifocal involvement of the heart is common

Metastatic cardiac tumor